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  1. Understanding Fear and Stranger-Directed Aggression in Companion Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Flint

    Stranger-directed aggression is both a public safety and animal welfare concern. The objectives of this thesis were to identify risk factors for stranger-directed aggression in dogs, to assess the effect of targeted owner training on the accuracy of ratings of fear in dogs, and to identify...

  2. Assessment of Vaccine-Induced Immunity Against Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Javier Moreno

    Canine visceral leishmaniasis is an increasingly important public health problem. Dogs infected by Leishmania infantum are the main domestic reservoir of the parasite and play a key role in its transmission to humans. Recent findings have helped in the development of novel diagnostic...

  3. Measuring Attachments Between Dogs and Their Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Joanne Wilshaw

    This thesis details the development and testing of a new scale for measuring human attachment to dogs which allows for the measurement of weaker attachment levels as well as stronger ones (the CDA scale). The correlation between dog-owner’s scores on the CDA scale and their dog’s...

  4. Canine and Feline Parvoviruses Can Use Human or Feline Transferrin Receptors To Bind, Enter, and Infect Cells

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: John SL Parker, William J Murphy, Dai Wang, Stephen J O'Brien, Colin R Parrish

    Canine parvovirus (CPV) enters and infects cells by a dynamin-dependent, clathrin-mediated endocytic pathway, and viral capsids colocalize with transferrin in perinuclear vesicles of cells shortly after entry (J. S. L. Parker and C. R. Parrish, J. Virol. 74:1919–1930, 2000). Here we...

  5. Acquiring a Pet Dog: A Review of Factors Affecting the Decision-Making of Prospective Dog Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katrina E. Holland

    Given the prevalence of pet dogs in households throughout the world, decisions regarding dog acquisition affect many people each year. Across the stages of dog acquisition there is potential for practices that may promote or compromise canine welfare. For instance, prospective owners may not...

  6. The Views of the UK Public Towards Routine Neutering of Dogs and Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chanakarn Wongsaengchan, Dorothy E.F. McKeegan

    Despite being routinely recommended by veterinarians, neutering of dogs and cats has both positive and negative impacts on animal welfare and is ethically problematic. We examined attitudes of a sample of the UK public towards routine neutering of dogs and cats using a questionnaire....

  7. The Canine Frustration Questionnaire—Development of a New Psychometric Tool for Measuring Frustration in Domestic Dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kevin J. McPeake, Lisa M. Collins, Helen Zulch, Daniel S. Mills

    Introduction: Psychometric tools have been developed for the assessment of behavioral and affective traits in non-human animals. Frustration can be defined as an emotional reaction experienced after a given expectation is violated. Frustration is a negative emotional state and whilst it...

  8. Influence of Biographical Variables and Academic Background on Attitudes towards Animal-Assisted Interventions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: J. Lopez-Cepero, M.A. Perea-Mediavilla, J.L. Sarasola, A. Tejada

    Over the past two decades, there has been increasing evidence of the benefits of animal-assisted interventions (AAI) among diverse groups and settings. However, little is known of the variables that can affect the attitudes of professionals towards these interventions. Two studies were done...

  9. The Effects Of Dog Ownership On Self-Efficacy Levels

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Juliana Oleksy

    Multiple studies have been conducted and have concluded that dogs do have a positive impact on both physical and mental health. When it comes to mental health, researchers have found that dog-interaction has decreased stress levels. Stress levels have a negative relationship with self-efficacy...

  10. The Bridge River Dogs: Interpreting aDNA and Stable Isotope Analysis Collected From Dog Remains

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emilia Tifental

    Excavations at the Bridge River site have been on-going since 2003, increasing our understanding of the communities that inhabited the Middle Fraser Canyon, British Columbia, over 1,000 years ago. The most recent excavation at Housepit 54 in the summer of 2014 supplied further data regarding...

  11. An Attachment Style Based Experimental Design to Maximize Dog Adoption Success

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Claire Weinman

    Evolution and domestication have brought dogs very close to humans. Research has found numerous behavioral, cognitive, neurological, and physiological similarities between the two species. Additional research has found that humans and dogs can share cross-species attachments that are comparable...

  12. Austrian Veterinarians' Attitudes to Euthanasia in Equine Practice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Svenja Springer, Florien Jenner, Alexander Tichy, Herwig Grimm

    Euthanasia of companion animals is a challenging responsibility in the veterinary profession since veterinarians have to consider not only medical, but also legal, economic, emotional, social, and ethical factors in decision-making. To this end; an anonymous questionnaire-based survey of...

  13. Investigating the Impact of Indemnity Waivers on the Length of Stay of Cats at an Australian Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jessica Pockett, Bronwyn Orr, Evelyn Hall, Wye Li Chong, Mark Westman

    Due to resource limitations, animal shelters in Australia historically have focused on rehoming animals considered ‘highly adoptable’. Increasingly, animal shelters in Australia are rehoming animals with pre-existing medical and/or behavioural issues. These animals are often rehomed...

  14. Canine Endogenous Oxytocin Responses to Dog-Walking and Affiliative Human–Dog Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren Powell, Kate M. Edwards, Adrian Bauman, Adam J. Guastella, Bradley Drayton, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Paul McGreevy

    Several studies suggest human–dog interactions elicit a positive effect on canine oxytocin concentrations. However, empirical investigations are scant and the joint influence of human–dog interaction and physical activity remains unexplored. The aims of the current study were to (a)...

  15. Associations between Domestic-Dog Morphology and Behaviour Scores in the Dog Mentality Assessment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Holly R. Stone, Paul D. McGreevy, Melissa J. Starling, Bjorn Forkman

    The domestic dog shows a wide range of morphologies, that humans have selected for in the process of creating unique breeds. Recent studies have revealed correlations between changes in morphology and behaviour as reported by owners. For example, as height and weight decrease, many undesirable...

  16. O animal de companhia e a proteção animal urbana : pensando relações interespecíficas a partir da etnografia em Porto Alegre/RS

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Viviane Hippmann Gauer

    Inserido no âmbito da Antrozoologia, este trabalho intenciona pensar a relação humano-animal, tendo por enfoque a relação construída entre ativistas e simpatizantes da proteção animal urbana e os animais de companhia aos quais este...

  17. Attitudes and Practices of Australian Veterinary Professionals and Students towards Early Age Desexing of Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Heather M. Crawford, Michael C. Calver

    Surgical desexing of cats is typically carried out after six months of age (Mature Age Desexing, MAD); between 4–6 months (Traditional Age Desexing, TAD); or before four months (Early Age Desexing, EAD). We complemented existing surveys of veterinarians’ acceptance of EAD with...

  18. Manejo de doenças infecciosas em gatos de abrigos

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Leticia Rodrigues Lopes

    O presente trabalho aborda o manejo de doenças infecciosas em abrigos de felinos. É importante entender e controlar alguns fatores básicos que predispoem as doenças infeciosas. Os principais fatores são: estresse, densidade populacional e...

  19. Auditory–Visual Matching of Conspecifics and Non-Conspecifics by Dogs and Human Infants

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Gergely, Eszter Petró, Katalin Oláh, József Topál

    We tested whether dogs and 14–16-month-old infants are able to integrate intersensory information when presented with conspecific and heterospecific faces and vocalisations. The looking behaviour of dogs and infants was recorded with a non-invasive eye-tracking technique while they were...

  20. The Other End of the Leash: An Experimental Test to Analyze How Owners Interact with Their Pet Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Giulia Cimarelli, Borbála Turcsán, Friederike Range, Zsófia Virányi

    It has been suggested that the way in which owners interact with their dogs can largely vary and influence the dog-owner bond, but very few objective studies, so far, have addressed how the owner interacts with the dog. The goal of the present study was to record dog owners' interaction...