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  1. Childhood Experiences with Family Pets and Internalizing Symptoms in Early Adulthood

    Contributor(s):: Girardi, Alberta, Pozzulo, Joanna D.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether childhood experiences with family pets are associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety in early adulthood. Undergraduate students (n=318) responded to an online survey that included questions about bonding with childhood pets, exposure...

  2. Companion Animals and Loneliness: A Systematic Review of Quantitative Studies

    Contributor(s):: Gilbey, Andrew, Tani, Kawtar

    The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate quantitative studies of companion animals and human loneliness. Five electronic databases (PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, Academic Search Premier, Psychlnfo) were searched for articles on companion animals (including animal-assisted therapies...

  3. Companion-Animals’ Effectiveness in Managing Chronic Pain in Adult Community Members

    Contributor(s):: Bradley, Lahna, Bennett, Pauleen C.

    Therapy animals have been found to alleviate pain in healthcare settings, but companion-animal owners report greater discomfort and use more analgesics than people who do not own one or more companion animals. To investigate this anomaly, 173 adults completed an online survey that included...

  4. ‘Beware, I am big and non-dangerous!’ – Playfully growling dogs are perceived larger than their actual size by their canine audience

    Contributor(s):: Bálint, Anna, Faragó, Tamás, Dóka, Antal, Miklósi, Ádám, Pongrácz, Péter

    Nonhuman animals often use specific signals to initiate playful interactions. There is evidence also for different forms of play-maintenance. Playful encounters include out-of-context and exaggerated behavioural sequences. Scientists have already collected knowledge about virtual size...

  5. Dog walking among adolescents: Correlates and contribution to physical activity.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jessa K. Engelberg, Jordan A. Carlson, Terry L. Conway, Kelli L. Cain, Brian E. Saelens

    PURPOSE: To assess the association of dog walking with adolescents' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and body mass index (BMI), and identify correlates of dog walking. METHODS/DESIGN: Participants were 12-17year-olds (n=925) from the Baltimore, MD and Seattle, WA regions....

  6. A Preliminary Description of Companion Cat, Managed Stray Cat, and Unmanaged Stray Cat Welfare in Auckland, New Zealand Using a 5-Component Assessment Scale

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah Zito, Jessica Walker, M. Carolyn Gates, Arnja Dale

    Free-roaming cats are a polarizing issue in New Zealand and there is strong need for a comprehensive evaluation of their welfare to better inform population management decisions. In this study, a 5-component visual health-related welfare assessment scale was developed and piloted on a...

  7. The Changing Legal Status of Cats in Australia: From Friend of the Settlers, to Enemy of the Rabbit, and Now a Threat to Biodiversity and Biosecurity Risk

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Riley

    In NSW, free-roaming cats are regarded as one the biggest threats to biodiversity. Yet, at one stage they were classified as “the enemy of the rabbit” and were protected and released in their thousands. The purpose of this article is to examine the changing status of cats in...

  8. Dog Movie Stars and Dog Breed Popularity: A Case Study in Media Influence on Choice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stefano Ghirlanda, Alberto Acerbi, Harold Herzog

    Fashions and fads are important phenomena that influence many individual choices. They are ubiquitous in human societies, and have recently been used as a source of data to test models of cultural dynamics. Although a few statistical regularities have been observed in fashion cycles, their...

  9. Evaluation of Unowned Domestic Cat Management in the Urban Environment of Rome After 30 Years of Implementation of the No-Kill Policy (National and Regional Laws)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eugenia Natoli, Livia Malandrucco, Laura Minati, Stefania Verzichi, Raffaella Perino, Laura Longo, Francesca Pontecorvo, Anna Faini

    Law no. 281, enacted by the Italian Parliament in 1991, was the first that aimed at managing urban free-roaming cats living in colonies, without killing and/or moving them from their site. It had been anticipated by the Lazio Regional Law no. 63/1988 and subsequently refined by the Lazio...

  10. Public Opinions on Strategies for Managing Stray Cats and Predictors of Opposition to Trap-Neuter and Return in Brisbane, Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jacquie Rand, Gina Fisher, Kate Lamb, Andrea Hayward

    A survey of Brisbane residents was undertaken to investigate community attitudes toward urban stray cats and their management. Surveys were distributed to 84 medical and dental practices across Brisbane City, and were completed by 305 patients and staff. Practices were targeted to achieve a...

  11. Spatialities of Dog Theft: A Critical Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel Allen, Adam Peacock, Jamie Arathoon

    Dogs are considered property under U.K. law, while current discourses of pet ownership place canine companions as part of an extended family. This means sentences for those who steal dogs are not reflective of a dogs’ sentience and agency, rather in line with charges for those who steal a...

  12. Canine Olfactory Thresholds to Amyl Acetate in a Biomedical Detection Scenario

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Astrid R. Concha, Claire M. Guest, Rob Harris, Thomas W. Pike, Alexandre Feugier, Helen Zulch, Daniel S. Mills

    Dogs’ abilities to respond to concentrations of odorant molecules are generally deemed superior to electronic sensors. This sensitivity has been used traditionally in many areas; but is a more recent innovation within the medical field. As a bio-detection sensor for human diseases such as...

  13. Behavioral Interventions as an Adjunctive Treatment for Canine Epilepsy: A Missing Part of the Epilepsy Management Toolkit?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rowena M. A. Packer, Sarah L. Hobbs, Emily J. Blackwell

    Epilepsy is a common, complex and often challenging neurological disorder to treat in the dog, with 20–30% of dogs resistant to conventional medical therapies, and associated with cognitive and behavioral comorbidities and early death. Behavioral interventions are an emerging area of...

  14. Decrease in Population and Increase in Welfare of Community Cats in a Twenty-Three Year Trap-Neuter-Return Program in Key Largo, FL: The ORCAT Program

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rachael E. Kreisler, Heather N. Cornell, Julie K. Levy

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a long-term (23-year) trapneuter-return program on the population size of community cats in the Ocean Reef Community and to describe the demographic composition and outcome of enrolled cats. A retrospective study was performed using both...

  15. The Road to TNR: Examining Trap-Neuter-Return Through the Lens of Our Evolving Ethics

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Peter Joseph Wolf, Joan E. Schaffner

    In the 2008 article “A Review of Feral Cat Control,” Robertson explored the trend developing in the management of so-called “feral” cats away from lethal methods toward the non-lethal method of trap-neuter-return (TNR). The review explored various issues raised by the...

  16. Caregiving for a Companion Animal Compared to a Family Member: Burden and Positive Experiences in Caregivers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karysa Britton, Rachel Galioto, Geoffrey Tremont, Kimberly Chapman, Olivia Hogue, Mark D. Carlson, Mary Beth Spitznagel

    Introduction: Research in human caregiving shows burden is often present in the caregiver and can be reduced by interventions that increase positive perceptions of caregiving. Recent work suggests burden is also present in owners of a seriously ill companion animal. To help determine if...

  17. Antimicrobial Prescriptions for Dogs in the Capital of Spain

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bárbara Gómez-Poveda, Miguel A. Moreno

    Objective: To characterize antimicrobial prescription patterns for dogs in veterinary practices in Spain using the city of Madrid as a model. Design: Retrospective survey. Settings: Dogs attending veterinary practices in the city of Madrid in 2017 were...

  18. Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kerstin Meints, Victoria Brelsford, Tiny De Keuster

    Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs’ signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs’ distress signaling gestures. All participants were...

  19. Evaluation of Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead and Mercury Contamination in Over-the-Counter Available Dry Dog Foods With Different Animal Ingredients (Red Meat, Poultry, and Fish)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hyun-Tae Kim, John P. Loftus, Sabine Mann, Joseph J. Wakshlag

    Objectives: To examine the relative levels of heavy metals and arsenic content in commercial dog foods (arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury) of 51 over-the-counter maintenance or all-life-stage dry dog foods. All products were chosen and segregated based on meat sources (fish, poultry,...

  20. Canine connections : fieldwork with a dog as research assistant

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karen Lane

    My research seeks out muted narratives that struggle to be heard in the contested city of Belfast. My dog is one of my ethnographic methods: dog-walking is rarely a direct journey from A to B and she can ‘authenticate’ my lingering presence in unfamiliar places; she is a gateway to...