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  1. The Responsibility of Veterinarians to Address Companion Animal Obesity

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Barry S. Kipperman, Alexander J. German

    Obesity is a modern-day epidemic in both people and companion animals. A summary of the current research on the causes, risk factors, consequences, and implications of overweight and obesity, and the compliance of small-animal practitioners in recognizing and addressing pet obesity, is...

  2. Is There An Association Between Animals and Inmate Mental Health?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cole Benko

    The idea of using animals and, in some cases, service animals, for therapeutic services has been becoming more popular recently. The definition of a service animal states that any dog who is trained to complete tasks in order to benefit a person who has a disability, however, all kinds of...

  3. Familiarity and Interest in Working with Livestock Decreases the Odds of Having Positive Attitudes towards Non-Human Animals and Their Welfare among Veterinary Students in Italy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chiara Mariti, Federica Pirrone, Mariangela Albertini, Angelo Gazzano, Silvana Diverio

    We investigated the attitudes of veterinary students towards animals and their welfare in Italy. Regression analyses revealed predictors that are significant in differentiating students’ scoring tendency based on their gender, familiarity, and intention to work with a specific animal...

  4. Behavioral and Perceptual Differences between Sexes in Dogs: An Overview

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Scandurra, Alessandra Alterisio, Anna Di Cosmo, Biagio D’Aniello

    In this paper, we review the scientific reports of sex-related differences in dogs as compared to the outcomes described for wild animals. Our aim was to explore whether the differences in male and female dogs were affected by the domestication process, in which artificial selection is the main...

  5. Human Animal Bond Association Newsletter Winter 2019

    Full-text: Available

    Disaster Preparation for Your Pets, p2 Human-Animal Bond Certification Program, p3 2019 HABA Board and Advisors, p4  

  6. The impact of poverty on dog ownership and access to canine rabies vaccination: results from a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey, Uganda 2013

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ryan MacLaren Wallace, Jason Mehal, Yoshinori Nakazawa, Sergio Recuenco, Barnabas Bakamutumaho, Modupe Osinubi, Victor Tugumizemu, Jesse D. Blanton, Amy Gilbert, Joseph Wamala

    Background: Rabies is a neglected disease despite being responsible for more human deaths than any other zoonosis. A lack of adequate human and dog surveillance, resulting in low prioritization, is often blamed for this paradox. Estimation methods are often employed to describe the rabies...

  7. Exploring Social Desirability Bias in Perceptions of Dog Adoption: All's Well that Ends Well? Or Does the Method of Adoption Matter?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Courtney Bir, Nicole Olynk Widmar, Candace Croney

    Dogs are a popular companion animal in the United States; however, dog acquisition is often a contentious subject. Adoption is often cited as an ethical and popular method of acquisition but interpretation of the term ‘adoption’ may vary. In a nationally representative survey of the...

  8. "We Always Hurt the Things We Love"—Unnoticed Abuse of Companion Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bernard E. Rollin

    Despite the fact that companion animals enjoy the status of “members of the family” in contemporary society, there are numerous diseases affecting the longevity of these animals and their quality of life. Some of the most pervasive and damaging problems accrue to pedigreed animals...

  9. Recent Understandings of Pet Allergies

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dennis Ownby, Christine Cole Johnson

    Allergic reactions to pets have been recognized for at least a hundred years. Yet our understanding of the effects of all of the interactions between pet exposures and human immune responses continues to grow. Allergists, epidemiologists, and immunologists have spent years trying to better...

  10. Effect of a Standardized Four-Week Desensitization and Counter-Conditioning Training Program on Pre-Existing Veterinary Fear in Companion Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anastasia Stellato, Sarah Jajou, Cate E. Dewey, Tina M. Widowski, Lee Niel

    Many dogs show signs of fear during veterinary appointments. It is widely recommended to use desensitization and counter-conditioning training to reduce this fear. However, the efficacy of this method for reducing veterinary fear has not been examined. We assessed the effect of a standardized...

  11. Keeping Lily Safe: An Autoethnographic Exploration of Human–Animal Attachment during Adversity

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Catherine Lee

    This article is an autoethnographic examination of my experiences as a pet owner during a particularly challenging time in my life. Beginning with a summary of a critical incident, it shows the way in which fears for the safety of my pet cat, Lily, and my relationship with her impacted my...

  12. Animal Visitation Program (AVP) Reduces Cortisol Levels of University Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patricia Pendry, Jaymie L. Vandagriff

    University students report high levels of stress. Although causal work is limited, one popular approach to promote stress relief is animal visitation programs (AVPs). We conducted a randomized trial (N = 249) examining effects of a 10-minute AVP on students’ salivary cortisol levels....

  13. Companion animals and disasters: The role of Human Services Organisations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: John Darroch, Carole Adamson

    INTRODUCTION: Companion animals have often been treated as an afterthought, or ignored, by those involved in planning for and responding to disasters. This omission in planning for the needs of companion animals has been predicated upon a failure to recognise the emotional bond between...

  14. Risk of Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) Infection in Pet Cats in Australia is Higher in Areas of Lower Socioeconomic Status

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Vivian Tran, Mark Kelman, Michael Ward, Mark Westman

    Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), feline calicivirus (FCV), and feline herpesvirus (FHV-1) are common viral infections of domestic cats in Australia. A study was performed to investigate the possible effect of area-based socioeconomic factors on the occurrence of FIV, FCV, and FHV-1...

  15. Motivation of Owners to Purchase Pedigree Cats, with Specific Focus on the Acquisition of Brachycephalic Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Liran Plitman, Petra Cern ˇ á, Mark J. Farnworth, Rowena M.A. Packer, Danièlle A. Gunn-Moore

    Background: Cats are globally popular pets and pedigree cats are increasingly prevalent, with brachycephalic breeds being the most registered breeds. How owners decide upon and acquire their cats is poorly understood. Moreover, there are growing concerns about the health and welfare of...

  16. Assessment of separation anxiety in dogs: the search for a diagnostic method

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gahee Kim

    The aims of this study were: (1) to explore the environmental factors and behaviors associated with the owners’ perception of separation anxiety based on the questionnaires completed by the owners along with video recordings of their dogs during the owners’ absence, and (2) to...

  17. A case study of the patient wait experience in an emergency department with therapy dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Colleen A. Dell, James Stempien, Lindsey Broberg, Alicia Husband, Lacey Jurke, Betty Rohr, Jane Smith, Joseph Rubin, Susan Tupper, Donna Goodridge, Cathie Fornssler, Logan Fele-Slaferek

    The quality of patient healthcare is a growing concern in Canada’s hospital emergency departments (ED) due to increasing wait times and associated adverse outcomes. A developing body of literature indicates that therapy dogs can positively impact the patient experience. In 2016, members...

  18. Pink is the New Bull: The Feminization of Pit Bulls in Visual and Literary Discourses as a Rescue Tactic

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephanie Hogue

    Since the 1980s, pit bulls have been portrayed in a raced, classed, and gendered national discourse that has associated them with minority males of color in low-income urban areas. This discourse has led to a villianization of the breed that has resulted in restrictions on pit bulls and their...

  19. Animal Hoarding by Humans: A Literature Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Corina L. Schroeder

    I review the origin and treatment of animal-hoarding disorder in humans and its relation to hoarding disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder, showing that it seems to be more closely related to object hoarding. The disorder often originates in a traumatic life event, which triggers a...

  20. Serving Pets in Poverty: A New Frontier for the Animal Welfare Movement

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Amanda Arrington, Michael Markarian