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  1. No pets allowed: Landlord attitudes towards pets in a small Canadian city

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carla Krachun, †McLennon J. G. Wilson, Joshua Hoddinott

    Pet ownership is associated with greater mental and physical well-being, but it can also make some aspects of life more difficult. For example, many landlords have a 'no-pets' policy, which is especially problematic in areas where rental units are already in short supply. We examined...

  2. Homelessness and Animal Companionship in Bloomington, Indiana

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Christine H. Kim

    This study is the first to examine Bloomington, IN's subpopulation of people experiencing homelessness with animals. To understand this subpopulation's basic demographics, social service needs, and existing resources, eight families were recruited for the study from a service fair...

  3. Household Cats and Children's Mental Health

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Moira R. Riley, Bonita Gibb, Anne Gadomski

    Despite household cats being the second most popular household pet in the United States, little is known about how cat ownership affects children's development. Although household cats are generally believed to have a positive effect on adult health there are potential risks and benefits of...

  4. Effects of a therapy dog program on the wellbeing of older veterans living in a long term care residence

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Colleen Anne Dell, Darlene Chalmers, James Gillett, Megan Steeves, Betty Rohr, Barbara Fornssler, Alicia Husband, Oluwatomisin Iwajomo, Chelsea Nickel

    Current health care practices do not adequately meet the health needs of older adult war veterans. Increasingly, animal assisted interventions (AAIs) are being identified as potentially beneficial for this population. To explore this, this study, informed by a One Health framework, measured the...

  5. Influence of Biographical Variables and Academic Background on Attitudes towards Animal-Assisted Interventions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: J. Lopez-Cepero, M.A. Perea-Mediavilla, J.L. Sarasola, A. Tejada

    Over the past two decades, there has been increasing evidence of the benefits of animal-assisted interventions (AAI) among diverse groups and settings. However, little is known of the variables that can affect the attitudes of professionals towards these interventions. Two studies were done...

  6. Treating Pets Well: The Role of Attachment Anxiety and Avoidance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anthony E. Coy, Jeffrey D. Green

    Although the benefits of human-animal interactions (especially pets and companion animals) for humans are becoming increasingly well-known and implemented, less work has been done examining how such interactions affect the animal. Understanding the owner-animal dynamic is more important than ever...

  7. The Effects Of Dog Ownership On Self-Efficacy Levels

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Juliana Oleksy

    Multiple studies have been conducted and have concluded that dogs do have a positive impact on both physical and mental health. When it comes to mental health, researchers have found that dog-interaction has decreased stress levels. Stress levels have a negative relationship with self-efficacy...

  8. Benefits of Having a Pet at College: Perception of Today's College Students

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Morgan Jenkins

    The present literature review examined data from 10 studies that examined the benefits of pet therapy and well-being. Florence Nightingale, a pioneer of nursing, recognized these benefits in the early 1800s when she used animals to provide support to mentally ill patients. Since then, pets, but...

  9. The Bridge River Dogs: Interpreting aDNA and Stable Isotope Analysis Collected From Dog Remains

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emilia Tifental

    Excavations at the Bridge River site have been on-going since 2003, increasing our understanding of the communities that inhabited the Middle Fraser Canyon, British Columbia, over 1,000 years ago. The most recent excavation at Housepit 54 in the summer of 2014 supplied further data regarding...

  10. An Attachment Style Based Experimental Design to Maximize Dog Adoption Success

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Claire Weinman

    Evolution and domestication have brought dogs very close to humans. Research has found numerous behavioral, cognitive, neurological, and physiological similarities between the two species. Additional research has found that humans and dogs can share cross-species attachments that are comparable...

  11. Dogs and Their Owners Have Frequent and Intensive Contact

    | Contributor(s):: Joosten, P., Van Cleven, A., Sarrazin, S., Paepe, D., De Sutter, A., Dewulf, J.

  12. Companion Animals and Online Discourse: Victim-Blaming and Animal Evacuation

    | Contributor(s):: Reed, Ashley E., DeYoung, Sarah E., Farmer, Ashley K.

    People often intentionally or unintentionally leave companion animals behind in an evacuation during a hazard event. In online animal rescue forums, people curate, comment on, and engage in posts during and after disasters. Many times, the content of the posts and comments to the posts are...

  13. Austrian Veterinarians' Attitudes to Euthanasia in Equine Practice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Svenja Springer, Florien Jenner, Alexander Tichy, Herwig Grimm

    Euthanasia of companion animals is a challenging responsibility in the veterinary profession since veterinarians have to consider not only medical, but also legal, economic, emotional, social, and ethical factors in decision-making. To this end; an anonymous questionnaire-based survey of...

  14. Investigating the Impact of Indemnity Waivers on the Length of Stay of Cats at an Australian Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jessica Pockett, Bronwyn Orr, Evelyn Hall, Wye Li Chong, Mark Westman

    Due to resource limitations, animal shelters in Australia historically have focused on rehoming animals considered ‘highly adoptable’. Increasingly, animal shelters in Australia are rehoming animals with pre-existing medical and/or behavioural issues. These animals are often rehomed...

  15. Process to Incorporate a Therapy Service Dog in an Occupational Therapy Educational Program

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hanna Eickenbrock, Marlee Wheelhouse

    The purpose of the scholarly project is to incorporate a therapy/service dog within the occupational therapy department at the University of North Dakota (UND). The therapy/service dog will be utilized as a support system for student’s and faculty’s health and well-being and as an...

  16. La thérapie assistée par l'animal : une aide alternative pour les enfants souffrant d'un trouble déficitaire de l'attention avec hyperactivité?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nathalie Gagnon

    Ce mémoire a pour objectif d'évaluer les effets de l'interaction avec un chien sur les comportements d'enfants souffrant de trouble déficitaire de l'attention avec hyperactivité (TDAH). Pour ce faire, 6 enfants âgés de 7 à 10 ans...

  17. Canine Endogenous Oxytocin Responses to Dog-Walking and Affiliative Human–Dog Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren Powell, Kate M. Edwards, Adrian Bauman, Adam J. Guastella, Bradley Drayton, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Paul McGreevy

    Several studies suggest human–dog interactions elicit a positive effect on canine oxytocin concentrations. However, empirical investigations are scant and the joint influence of human–dog interaction and physical activity remains unexplored. The aims of the current study were to (a)...

  18. Associations between Domestic-Dog Morphology and Behaviour Scores in the Dog Mentality Assessment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Holly R. Stone, Paul D. McGreevy, Melissa J. Starling, Bjorn Forkman

    The domestic dog shows a wide range of morphologies, that humans have selected for in the process of creating unique breeds. Recent studies have revealed correlations between changes in morphology and behaviour as reported by owners. For example, as height and weight decrease, many undesirable...

  19. Ovariectomy Impairs Socio-Cognitive Functions in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Scandurra, Alessandra Alterisio, Anna Di Cosmo, Antonio D’Ambrosio, Biagio D’Aniello

    Recent studies have underlined the effect of ovariectomy on the spatial cognition of female dogs, with ovariectomized dogs showing a clear preference for an egocentric rather than an allocentric navigation strategy whereas intact females did not show preferences. Intact females had better...

  20. 'All Ears': A Questionnaire of 1516 Owner Perceptions of the Mental Abilities of Pet Rabbits, Subsequent Resource Provision, and the Effect on Welfare

    | Contributor(s):: McMahon, S. A., Wigham, E.