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  1. Acquiring a Pet Dog: A Review of Factors Affecting the Decision-Making of Prospective Dog Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katrina E. Holland

    Given the prevalence of pet dogs in households throughout the world, decisions regarding dog acquisition affect many people each year. Across the stages of dog acquisition there is potential for practices that may promote or compromise canine welfare. For instance, prospective owners may not...

  2. Animals on Campus and in the Workplace

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ian Allen, Ruth Carlton-Appleton, Brett Lohoefener

    Animals on campus are becoming a hot button issue for students, faculty, and staff. Iowa State University staff members Brett Lohoefener (University Counsel), Ian Allen (Student Disability Resources), and Ruth Carlton-Appleton (University Human Resources) will present information on the...

  3. Quantifying Antimicrobial Use in Dutch Companion Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nonke E. M. Hopman, Marloes A. M. van Dijk, Els M. Broens, Jaap A. Wagenaar, Dick J. J. Heederik, Ingeborg M. van Geijlswijk

    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an increasing threat, both in human and in veterinary medicine. To reduce the selection and spread of AMR, antimicrobial use (AMU) should be optimized, also in companion animals. To be able to optimize AMU, a feasible method to quantify AMU and information on...

  4. The Views of the UK Public Towards Routine Neutering of Dogs and Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chanakarn Wongsaengchan, Dorothy E.F. McKeegan

    Despite being routinely recommended by veterinarians, neutering of dogs and cats has both positive and negative impacts on animal welfare and is ethically problematic. We examined attitudes of a sample of the UK public towards routine neutering of dogs and cats using a questionnaire....

  5. The Canine Frustration Questionnaire—Development of a New Psychometric Tool for Measuring Frustration in Domestic Dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kevin J. McPeake, Lisa M. Collins, Helen Zulch, Daniel S. Mills

    Introduction: Psychometric tools have been developed for the assessment of behavioral and affective traits in non-human animals. Frustration can be defined as an emotional reaction experienced after a given expectation is violated. Frustration is a negative emotional state and whilst it...

  6. A Case of Letting the Cat out of The Bag—Why Trap-Neuter-Return Is Not an Ethical Solution for Stray Cat (Felis catus) Management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Heather M. Crawford, Michael C. Calver, Patricia A. Fleming

    Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) programs, in which stray cats are captured, neutered and returned to the environment are advocated as a humane, ethical alternative to euthanasia. We review the TNR literature in light of current debate over whether or not there should be further TNR trials in...

  7. Ask a Catbrarian: Marketing Library Services Using a Cat

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Teagan Eastman, Jennifer Saulnier, Kati Richardson

    This case study aims to describe how employees at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign’s Undergraduate Library (UGL) utilized a cat mascot as part of a marketing campaign to promote awareness of library resources and services and to overcome undergraduate students’ library...

  8. Parallels in the interactive effect of highly sensitive personality and social factors on behaviour problems in dogs and humans

    | Contributor(s):: Bräm Dubé, M., Asher, L., Würbel, H., Riemer, S., Melotti, L.

  9. Bridging the Gap between Personality-Social Psychology and Human-Animal Interaction Research

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anthony E. Coy, Christopher J. Holden

    Personality and social psychology are two of the broadest subfields within psychology. Social psychology extends into areas such as perception and cognition while providing more unique contributions in specific domains such as close relationships and aggression. Personality cuts across all areas...

  10. Human Helping of Animals: What Motivates It?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Highfill, Mark H. Davis

    While considerable research has been carried out to understand helping offered to other humans, relatively little research has focused specifically on the motivations underlying helping for animals. It is possible that the social psychological helping literature may help shed light on the...

  11. No pets allowed: Landlord attitudes towards pets in a small Canadian city

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carla Krachun, †McLennon J. G. Wilson, Joshua Hoddinott

    Pet ownership is associated with greater mental and physical well-being, but it can also make some aspects of life more difficult. For example, many landlords have a 'no-pets' policy, which is especially problematic in areas where rental units are already in short supply. We examined...

  12. Homelessness and Animal Companionship in Bloomington, Indiana

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Christine H. Kim

    This study is the first to examine Bloomington, IN's subpopulation of people experiencing homelessness with animals. To understand this subpopulation's basic demographics, social service needs, and existing resources, eight families were recruited for the study from a service fair...

  13. Household Cats and Children's Mental Health

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Moira R. Riley, Bonita Gibb, Anne Gadomski

    Despite household cats being the second most popular household pet in the United States, little is known about how cat ownership affects children's development. Although household cats are generally believed to have a positive effect on adult health there are potential risks and benefits of...

  14. Effects of a therapy dog program on the wellbeing of older veterans living in a long term care residence

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Colleen Anne Dell, Darlene Chalmers, James Gillett, Megan Steeves, Betty Rohr, Barbara Fornssler, Alicia Husband, Oluwatomisin Iwajomo, Chelsea Nickel

    Current health care practices do not adequately meet the health needs of older adult war veterans. Increasingly, animal assisted interventions (AAIs) are being identified as potentially beneficial for this population. To explore this, this study, informed by a One Health framework, measured the...

  15. Influence of Biographical Variables and Academic Background on Attitudes towards Animal-Assisted Interventions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: J. Lopez-Cepero, M.A. Perea-Mediavilla, J.L. Sarasola, A. Tejada

    Over the past two decades, there has been increasing evidence of the benefits of animal-assisted interventions (AAI) among diverse groups and settings. However, little is known of the variables that can affect the attitudes of professionals towards these interventions. Two studies were done...

  16. Treating Pets Well: The Role of Attachment Anxiety and Avoidance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anthony E. Coy, Jeffrey D. Green

    Although the benefits of human-animal interactions (especially pets and companion animals) for humans are becoming increasingly well-known and implemented, less work has been done examining how such interactions affect the animal. Understanding the owner-animal dynamic is more important than ever...

  17. The Effects Of Dog Ownership On Self-Efficacy Levels

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Juliana Oleksy

    Multiple studies have been conducted and have concluded that dogs do have a positive impact on both physical and mental health. When it comes to mental health, researchers have found that dog-interaction has decreased stress levels. Stress levels have a negative relationship with self-efficacy...

  18. Benefits of Having a Pet at College: Perception of Today's College Students

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Morgan Jenkins

    The present literature review examined data from 10 studies that examined the benefits of pet therapy and well-being. Florence Nightingale, a pioneer of nursing, recognized these benefits in the early 1800s when she used animals to provide support to mentally ill patients. Since then, pets, but...

  19. The Bridge River Dogs: Interpreting aDNA and Stable Isotope Analysis Collected From Dog Remains

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emilia Tifental

    Excavations at the Bridge River site have been on-going since 2003, increasing our understanding of the communities that inhabited the Middle Fraser Canyon, British Columbia, over 1,000 years ago. The most recent excavation at Housepit 54 in the summer of 2014 supplied further data regarding...

  20. An Attachment Style Based Experimental Design to Maximize Dog Adoption Success

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Claire Weinman

    Evolution and domestication have brought dogs very close to humans. Research has found numerous behavioral, cognitive, neurological, and physiological similarities between the two species. Additional research has found that humans and dogs can share cross-species attachments that are comparable...