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  1. Virulence Genes, Shiga Toxin Subtypes, Serogroups, and Clonal Relationship of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia Coli Strains Isolated from Livestock and Companion Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nicolás Galarce, Beatriz Escobar, Fernando Sánchez, Esteban Paredes-Osses, Raúl Alegría-Morán, Consuelo Borie

    Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a zoonotic pathogen that causes severe illness in humans and is an important cause of foodborne disease. In Chile, there is limited information on the virulence characteristics of this pathogen in livestock, and none in companion...

  2. Back to School: An Updated Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Long-Term Trap-Neuter-Return Program on a University's Free-Roaming Cat Population

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel D. Spehar, Peter J. Wolf

    A growing body of evidence indicates that trap-neuter-return (TNR) is not only effective at reducing community cat numbers, but that such reductions are sustainable over extended periods. Recently, a series of peer-reviewed articles documenting long-term declines in community cat populations...

  3. The Role of Oxytocin in the Dog–Owner Relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah Marshall-Pescini, Franka S. Schaebs, Alina Gaugg, Anne Meinert, Tobias Deschner, Friederike Range

    Oxytocin (OT) is involved in multiple social bonds, from attachment between parents and offspring to “friendships”. Dogs are an interesting species in which to investigate the link between the oxytocinergic system and social bonds since they establish preferential bonds with their...

  4. Effects of pre-conditioning on behavior and physiology of horses during a standardised learning task

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kate Fenner, Holly Webb, Melissa J. Starling, Rafael Freire, Petra Buckley, Paul D. McGreevy

    Rein tension is used to apply pressure to control both ridden and unridden horses. The pressure is delivered by equipment such as the bit, which may restrict voluntary movement and cause changes in behavior and physiology. Managing the effects of such pressure on arousal level and behavioral...

  5. The Sleep of Shelter Dogs Was Not Disrupted by Overnight Light Rather than Darkness in a Crossover Trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katherine A. Houpt, Hollis N. Erb, Genaro A. Coria-Avila

    Dogs in shelters may be unattended at night. The purpose of this study is to describe the night-time behavior of dogs in a shelter and to determine if artificial light affected their sleeping patterns. Ten dogs were video-recorded under both light and dark conditions and their behavior recorded...

  6. Providing Humans With Practical, Best Practice Handling Guidelines During Human-Cat Interactions Increases Cats' Affiliative Behaviour and Reduces Aggression and Signs of Conflict

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Haywood, C., Ripari, L., Puzzo, J., Foreman-Worsley, R., Finka, L. R.

    The importance of animals' experiences and associated comfort during Human-Animal Interactions (HAI), and particularly Animal Assisted Interventions (AAI), are increasingly recognised. However, there remains a paucity of published research, particularly concerning less formal but frequent...

  7. Love, fear, and the human-animal bond: On adversity and multispecies relationships

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Applebaum, J. W., MacLean, E. L., McDonald, S. E.

    Love and strong social bonds are known buffers in the experience of adversity. Humans often form strong bonds with non-human animals. The human-animal bond refers to a mutually beneficial and dynamic relationship between humans and non-human animals. Previous research suggests that strong bonds...

  8. Can the Visits of Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) Influence the Mental Health (Anxiety and Depression) of Male Aging Patients Institutionalized with Dementia in Health Care Units? A Pilot Study of Madeira Island, Portugal

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: S. Vasconcelos, J. Azevedo, C. Casanova, H. Jardim, D. Neto, S. Jardim, C. Viegas

    Despite the fact that in the last decades, several mental health studies have shown that companion animals contribute to psychological and social well- being in humans (e.g., positive impacts have been observed in the elderly medicated for chronic diseases such as anxiety, dementia, and...

  9. Demographic Characteristics of Individuals Who Abuse Animals: A Systematic Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lisa Emmett, Nina Kasacek, Birgit Ursula Stetina

    The purpose of the following review is to evaluate current literature on animal abuse including animal hoarding and zoophilia to identify demographic characteristics of adults who abuse animals. The review was conducted by using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and...

  10. Human- Animal Interaction to Support Well- Being at University: Experiences of Undergraduate Students in the UK

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aliya Khalid, Anne Rogers, Emily Vicary, Helen Brooks

    In the context of increasing concerns about student mental health and the therapeutic value of companion animals for mental health, there is limited understanding of the potential contribution of human- animal interaction in relation to undergraduate well- being. This study aimed to develop an...

  11. Assessing Risks to Wildlife from Free-Roaming Hybrid Cats: The Proposed Introduction of Pet Savannah Cats to Australia as a Case Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Christopher R. Dickman, Sarah M. Legge, John C. Z. Woinarski

    Hybrid cats—created by crossing different species within the family Felidae—are popular pets, but they could potentially threaten native species if they escape and establish free-roaming populations. To forestall this possibility, the Australian government imposed a specific ban on...

  12. Weber's Law and the Scalar Property of Timing: A Test of Canine Timing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jessica H. Cliff, Surrey M. K. Jackson, James S. McEwan, Lewis A. Bizo

    Domestic dogs completed a temporal bisection procedure that required a response to one lever following a light stimulus of short duration and to another lever following a light stimulus of a longer duration. The short and long durations across the four conditions were (0.5–2.0 s,...

  13. C.A.R.E.4Paws

    Full-text: Available

    Since 2009, C.A.R.E.4Paws has worked to reduce pet overpopulation, keep animals out of shelters and improve quality of life for pets and pet owners in need in Santa Barbara County. 

  14. Developing and Assessing the Validity of a Scale to Assess Pet Dog Quality of Life: Lincoln P-QoL

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie S. Hall, Beverley J. Brown, Daniel S. Mills

    There has been little investment in exploring the impact of the child-dog relationship on the dog. Since child-dog interactions can pose potentially serious threats to a dog’s physical and psychological health, as well as the wider satisfaction of the owner with their dog, we describe...

  15. Single-Dose Pharmacokinetics and Preliminary Safety Assessment with Use of CBD-Rich Hemp Nutraceutical in Healthy Dogs and Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kelly A. Deabold, Wayne S. Schwark, Lisa Wolf, Joseph J. Wakshlag

    The use of CBD-rich hemp products is becoming popular among pet owners with no long-term safety data related to consumption in adult dogs and cats. The purpose of this study was to determine the single-dose oral pharmacokinetics of CBD, and to provide a preliminary assessment of safety and...

  16. Social dog — emotional dog?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stefanie Riemer

    Based on their high sociability and their capabilities in social cognition, we should conclude that dogs experience rich emotions in the social domain. I discuss the importance of dog-human attachment and some of the controversial evidence for so-called secondary emotions, which leaves many...

  17. RedRover

    Full-text: Available

    RedRover helps animals rescued from disasters or neglect, domestic violence survivors seeking safety with their pets, and animals with life-threatening illnesses. We use innovative solutions to prevent cruelty.

  18. Revisiting a Previously Validated Temperament Test in Shelter Dogs, Including an Examination of the Use of Fake Model Dogs to Assess Conspecific Sociability

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shanis Barnard, Danielle Kennedy, Reuben Watson, Paola Valsecchi, Gareth Arnott

    This study assessed the feasibility and reproducibility of a previously validated temperament test (TT) for shelter dogs. The test was developed to measure dog behaviour in the kennel, and traits of sociability towards people and other dogs, docility to leash, playfulness, cognitive skills, and...

  19. The Effect of Tree Width on Thoracolumbar and Limb Kinematics, Saddle Pressure Distribution, and Thoracolumbar Dimensions in Sports Horses in Trot and Canter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Russell MacKechnie-Guire, Erik MacKechnie-Guire, Vanessa Fairfax, Diana Fisher, Mark Fisher, Thilo Pfau

    This study evaluated the effect of saddle tree width on thoracolumbar and limb kinematics, saddle pressure distribution, and thoracolumbar epaxial musculature dimensions. Correctly fitted saddles were fitted by a Society of Master Saddler Qualified Saddle Fitter in fourteen sports horses (mean...

  20. Domestic Violence and Abuse (DVA), Companion Animals and Independent Agency: Why as criminologists we need to start a conversation beyond speciesism and towards an intersectional approach.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Di Turgoose, Ruth E. McKie

    Government strategies (such as VAWG) and the Domestic Abuse Consultation (2019) have begun to recognise the importance of supporting and developing strategies to address other ‘invisible’ and ‘vulnerable’ victims/survivors of DVA as distinct topics for empirical study...