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  1. Early Life Modifiable Exposures and Their Association With Owner Reported Inflammatory Bowel Disease Symptoms in Adult Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Manal Hemida, Kristiina A. Vuori, Robin Moore, Johanna Anturaniemi, Anna Hielm-Björkman

    Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an idiopathic multifactorial disease in humans and dogs, usually assigned to the interactions between genes, gut microbiota, diet, environment, and the immune system. We aimed to investigate the modifiable early life exposures associated with IBD...

  2. Pet Attachment and the Social Support that Pets Provide to College Students

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Olivia A. Bekker, Suma Mallavarapu

    The purpose of this research was to see how the quality of a person’s attachment to their pet affects their perception of the amount of social support they are receiving from that pet. We recruited a sample of 309 undergraduate students who were pet owners. Students were enrolled in a...

  3. Community Veterinary Medicine Programs: Pet Owners' Perceptions and Experiences

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lori R. Kogan, Veronica H. Accornero, Emily Gelb, Margaret R. Slater

    Many American pet owners struggle financially, and the COVID-19 pandemic has only exacerbated this problem. Yet, the positive effects that companion animals have in people’s lives create the need for supportive systems to ensure that financial limitations, and other barriers, do not...

  4. Encounters with Dead Pets: A Study of the Evolution of Grief

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Harold Herzog

    False recognitions of dead dogs and cats are common among grieving pet owners.

  5. Extraction of Antioxidants from Animal Blood and its Potential Application as a Pet Food Preservative

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chengyi Tu

    Nowadays, more and more people are having pets as members of their family. To the year of 2012, there are 78.2 million dogs and 86.4 million cats owned in the U.S according to the report of the Humane Society of the U.S. The pet food industry as a result has been prosperous, with an estimated...

  6. Answers to the Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Horse Feeding and Management Practices to Reduce the Risk of Atypical Myopathy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dominique-Marie Votion, Anne-Christine François, Caroline Kruse, Benoit Renaud, Arnaud Farinelle, Marie-Catherine Bouquieaux, Christel Marcillaud-Pitel, Pascal Gustin

    In 2014, atypical myopathy (AM) was linked to Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple) in Europe. The emergence of this seasonal intoxication caused by a native tree has raised many questions. This manuscript aims at answering the five most frequently asked questions (FAQs) regarding (1)...

  7. Castration of Dogs Using Local Anesthesia After Sedating With Xylazine and Subanesthetic Doses of Ketamine

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Erika Silva, John Schumacher, Thomas Passler

    Orchiectomy is performed in some species using only sedation and local anesthesia to decrease the expense of performing the procedure using general anesthesia. The objective of this study was to determine if dogs can be castrated safely and painlessly by using only sedation and local...

  8. Human-Dog Interactions & Municipal Policy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Andrew Rowan

    In 2009, a nationwide survey in Bosnia asking people about the threats in their local communities found that some communities were concerned about roaming dogs (rather than mine fields, crime or some other social ill). More specifically, the complaints mentioned dog attacks on people and...

  9. Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Immediate- and Modified-Release Mycophenolic Acid Preparations in Healthy Beagle Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michael Klotsman, Sebastien Coquery, Gayatri Sathyan, Vatsala Naageshwaran, Paddy Shivanand, Amanda J. Fairchild4, Amanda J. Fairchild, Oliver A. Garden, Wayne H. Anderson

    Background: Mycophenolic acid (MPA) is a broad-acting immunomodulating agent that may be therapeutically beneficial for the treatment of immune-mediated diseases in canine patients. Objectives: To determine the suppressive effects of MPA on T-cell proliferation, and to assess the...

  10. Effectiveness of Canine Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia Improvement Programs in Six UK Pedigree Breeds

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: H. K. James, F. McDonnell, Thomas W. Lewis

    Hip and elbow dysplasia are common disorders in larger dog breeds and crosses, and a known contributory factor to osteoarthritis, lameness and reduced mobility. Screening schemes evaluating the severity of hip and elbow dysplasia in the UK are administered by the British Veterinary Association...

  11. Human–Animal Interaction Knowledge is not Just for the "Animal People" in Social Work

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mary E. Rauktis, Janet Hoy-Gerlach

    Human–animal interaction (HAI) within social work is often relegated to being a specialty or “niche” area practiced by social workers who are “animal people” and confined to activities such as animal-assisted therapy (AAT) and social work support in veterinary...

  12. Intake Vaccinations Reduced Signs of Canine Respiratory Disease During an Outbreak at an Animal Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Allison Andrukonis, Kelsea M. Brown, Nathaniel J. Hall, Alexandra Protopopova

    Animal shelters provide an ideal environment for the spread of disease. Dogs are often housed in close quarters with others of unknown vaccine histories, and experience high levels of sustained stress. As a result, Canine Infection Respiratory Disease (CIRD) is often prevalent and difficult to...

  13. Cats vs. Dogs: The Efficacy of Feliway FriendsTM and AdaptilTM Products in Multispecies Homes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Miriam Rebecca Prior, Daniel Simon Mills

    Seven percent of UK households are estimated to own both a cat and a dog, despite a popular view that the two do not live well together. This is the first study to evaluate the effects of pheromone products Feliway FriendsTM and AdaptilTM on cat-dog interactions, in homes where owners perceived...

  14. Aggressiveness, ADHD-like behaviour, and environment influence repetitive behaviour in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Sulkama, S., Salonen, M., Mikkola, S., Hakanen, E., Puurunen, J., Araujo, C., Lohi, H.

  15. You get what you give: Pet relationships in a communal orientation framework

    | Contributor(s):: Liu-Pham, Ryan, Patterson, Lauren, Keefer, Lucas A.

  16. From Regulating Emotions to Less Lonely Screen Time: Parents' Qualitative Perspectives of the Benefits and Challenges of Adolescent Pet Companionship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charmaraman, L., Cobas, S., Weed, J., Gu, Q., Kiel, E., Chin, H., Gramajo, A., Mueller, M. K.

    Adolescence is a prime developmental period to explore human-pet relationships, particularly given that teens are often relying less on their families, and more on other attachment figures such as peers and pets. However, most research on pet companionship is conducted with adults and young...

  17. Risk Factors for SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Illness in Cats and Dogs(1)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bienzle, D., Rousseau, J., Marom, D., MacNicol, J., Jacobson, L., Sparling, S., Prystajecky, N., Fraser, E., Weese, J. S.

    We tested swab specimens from pets in households in Ontario, Canada, with human COVID-19 cases by quantitative PCR for SARS-CoV-2 and surveyed pet owners for risk factors associated with infection and seropositivity. We tested serum samples for spike protein IgG and IgM in household pets and...

  18. Mothers' Reflections on Cat Ownership for a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder During COVID-19

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Saskia Keville, Sophia De Vita, Amanda K. Ludlow

    Animal- assisted interventions are increasingly used as a complementary therapy in clinical practice to support people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with promising outcomes compared to traditional therapies. Less is understood about the therapeutic benefits of more accessible and...

  19. Interactions Between Sex and Pet Ownership on Attitudes Toward Children

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aya Dudin, Mayra Linne Almanza-Sepulveda, Katherine T. Cost, Geoffrey B. Hall, Alison S. Fleming, Jonathan Freedman

    Background: Many people are attached to their pets. This attachment shares characteristics with the parental attachment to children. Previous studies have established a sex difference in attitudes about children; women compared to men report more positive attitudes about children. However,...

  20. Psychological Correlates of Attitudes toward Pet Relinquishment and of Actual Pet Relinquishment: The Role of Pragmatism and Obligation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rita Jacobetty, Diniz Lopes, Jaume Fatjó, Jonathan Bowen, David L. Rodrigues

    Understanding pet relinquishment is essential to inform interventions and assess their impact. In a cross-sectional study, we explored how attitudes of lack of obligation and pragmatism toward pet relinquishment correlated with, and differed according to, sociodemographic characteristics (age,...