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  1. A comparison of behaviour in test and in everyday life: evidence of three consistent boldness-related personality traits in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Svartberg, K.

    Six specific personality traits - playfulness, chase-proneness, curiosity/fearlessness, sociability, aggressiveness, and distance-playfulness - and a broad boldness dimension have been suggested for dogs in previous studies based on data collected in a standardized behavioural test ("dog...

  2. A comparison of dog bite injuries in younger and older children treated in a pediatric emergency department

    Contributor(s):: Bernardo, L. M., Gardner, M. J., Rosenfield, R. L., Cohen, B., Pitetti, R.

    Objective: Dog bites account for a significant number of traumatic injuries in the paediatric population that often require medical treatment. Although agent, host, and environmental characteristics of dog bites have been well documented, no attempt has been made to compare these characteristics...

  3. A comparison of dog-dog and dog-human play behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Rooney, N. J., Bradshaw, J. W. S., Robinson, I. H.

    In an observational study of dogs being walked by their owners (402), dogs which were walked together, and had opportunities to play with one another, played with their owners with the same frequency as dogs being walked alone. This finding was supported by a questionnaire survey of 2585 dog...

  4. A comparison of empathy for humans and empathy for animals

    Contributor(s):: Angantyr, M., Eklund, J., Hansen, E. M.

    Although there is a substantial body of research on inter-human empathy and inter-animal empathy, there is a dearth of research comparing humans' empathic reactions to humans and animals. To address this issue, three experiments were conducted in which participants read a scenario about a human...

  5. A comparison of maltreated children and non-maltreated children on their experiences with animals - a Japanese study

    Contributor(s):: Yamazaki, S.

    Recently, studies in the United States, Canada, and Europe have shown that child abuse and animal abuse can coexist in the same household. The implications of these studies are that attention to animal abuse might lead to early detection of, and intervention in, child abuse. Although a promising...

  6. A comparison of pet and purpose-bred research dog ( Canis familiaris) performance on human-guided object-choice tasks

    Contributor(s):: Lazarowski, L., Dorman, D. C.

    Several studies have shown that domestic dogs respond to human social cues such as pointing. Some experiments have shown that pet dogs outperformed wolves in following a momentary distal point. These findings have lent support to the hypothesis that domestication is responsible for domestic dogs'...

  7. A comparison of social and environmental enrichment methods for laboratory housed dogs

    Contributor(s):: Hubrecht, R. C.

    48 Beagles in 4 equal groups: (controls; opportunities for social contacts with conspecifics; given 30 s/day of intensive handling; and provided with 3 different toys/chews permanently suspended in the pen (Rawhide, Gumabone chew and a piece of plastic tubing)) were observed for a total of 432 h....

  8. A comparison of tethering and pen confinement of dogs

    Contributor(s):: Yeon, S. C., Golden, G., Sung, W., Erb, H. N., Reynolds, A. J., Houpt, K. A.

    This study compared the general activity and specific behaviours of 30 adult Alaskan sled dogs (19 males and 11 females) on 3.5-m tethers and in 5.9-m2 pens. The investigators used activity level and stereotypical behaviour as indicators of welfare. The dogs spent most of their time inactive,...

  9. A comparison of the behaviour of solitary and group-housed budgerigars

    Contributor(s):: Nicol, C. J., Pope, S. J.

    The behaviour of budgerigars housed in aviaries in a group of 6, or caged individually was studied over 2 months. Budgerigars in the aviary consumed more food and were more active, performing more wing stretching and flying. Caged birds vocalized more. When tested individually, the aviary birds...

  10. A comparison of the co-occurrence of family violence and animal abuse across violent and non-violent families

    Contributor(s):: Gullone, Eleonora, Volant, Anne, Johnson, Judy

  11. A comparison of the grief reaction of children and adults: Focusing on pet loss and bereavement

    Contributor(s):: Jarolmen, JoAnn

  12. A Comparison of the Perceived Well-Being of Pet Owners and Non-Pet Owners

    Contributor(s):: Vicki Lee Schofield

    The presence of companion dogs have been found to benefit stress. This study was conducted to examine perceptions of benefits companion animals have on stress reduction. One hundred twenty-five adults completed surveys including measures of animal liking, bonding, and companionship. They also...

  13. A comprehensive study of dog bites in Spain, 1995-2004

    Contributor(s):: Rosado, Belcbn, Garcca-Belenguer, Sylvia, Lecdn, Marta, Palacio, Jorge

  14. A concept of welfare based on reward evaluating mechanisms in the brain: anticipatory behaviour as an indicator for the state of reward systems

    Contributor(s):: Spruijt, B. M., Bos, R. van den, Pijlman, F. T. A.

    In this review we attempt to link the efficiency by which animals behave (economy of animal behaviour) to a neuronal substrate and subjective states to arrive at a definition of animal welfare which broadens the scope of its study. Welfare is defined as the balance between positive (reward,...

  15. A conception of moral sensitivity and everyday consumption practices: Insights from the moralizing discourses of pet owners

    Contributor(s):: McEachern, Morven G., Cheetham, Fiona

  16. A conceptual framework for human

    Contributor(s):: Wilson, Cindy C.

  17. A conceptual framework for human-animal interaction research: the challenge revisited

    Contributor(s):: Wilson, C. C.

    The potential benefit of the human-animal interaction has been explored for over 20 years with limited success. Continued concern focuses upon the reliance of anecdotal and case reports, as well as limited, well-designed empirical studies. Professionals from many disciplines have examined the...

  18. A confirmatory factor analysis of the Lexington attachment to pets scale

    Contributor(s):: Tracy Leigh Zaparanick

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which the word “pet” provided valid results in the Lexington Attachment to Pets Scale (LAPS) (Johnson, Garrity, & Stallones, 1992). A multiple-groups confirmatory factor analysis, using maximum likelihood (ML) estimation, was conducted to...

  19. A counterbalanced version of Ainsworth's Strange Situation Procedure reveals secure-base effects in dog-human relationships

    | Contributor(s):: Palmer, R., Custance, D.

    It has been proposed that the dog-human relationship constitutes an infantile-like attachment. However, previous empirical support based on Ainsworth's Strange Situation test has proved inconclusive due to order effects inherent in the original procedure. In particular, these order effects...

  20. A creative response to multiple losses

    | Contributor(s):: Frampton, David