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  1. A dermatologist's viewpoint on the significance of the human-animal bond in practice

    Contributor(s):: Liska, D. A.

  2. A first description of the physiological and behavioural responses to disbudding in goat kids

    Contributor(s):: Alvarez, L., Gutierrez, J.

    In order to determine the stress response to disbudding, physiological and behavioural response was investigated in disbudded kids and compared with a control group. Disbudded kids (n=14), were disbudded by thermal cauterisation, and control kids (n=15) received the same management without being...

  3. A placebo-controlled study to investigate the effect of Dog Appeasing Pheromone and other environmental and management factors on the reports of disturbance and house soiling during the night in recently adopted puppies ( Canis familiaris )

    Contributor(s):: Taylor, K., Mills, D. S.

    Disturbance and house soiling during the night are common problems faced by the new puppy dog owner. They may result as consequence of a mismatch between the developmental status of the puppy and its new environment and/or separation distress in a typically social animal. The aim of this study...

  4. A preliminary study of behaviour-based indicators of pain in cats

    Contributor(s):: Waran, N., Best, L., Williams, V., Salinsky, J., Dale, A., Clarke, N.

    The aim of this preliminary study was to identify key behavioural indicators of pain in cats. The behaviour of cats before and after ovariohysterectomy was analysed using a detailed behavioural ethogram. A comparison of behaviours between cats given pre-operative analgesia only and cats given...

  5. A review of the welfare consequences of surgical castration in piglets and the evaluation of non-surgical methods

    Contributor(s):: Prunier, A., Bonneau, M., Borell, E. H. von, Cinotti, S., Gunn, M., Fredriksen, B., Giersing, M., Morton, D. B., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Velarde, A.

  6. A scoring system to evaluate physical condition and quality of life in geriatric zoo mammals

    Contributor(s):: Follmi, J., Steiger, A., Walzer, C., Robert, N., Geissbuhler, U., Doherr, M. G., Wenker, C.

    The decision to perform euthanasia in geriatric zoo mammals is usually a highly complex procedure involving ethical, medical, emotional and sometimes political factors. However, subsequent necropsies show that the pathological changes of organs and/or the musculoskeletal system are often already...

  7. Alternative therapies for a new era of health care

    Contributor(s):: Kaldy, J.

  8. An ethicist's commentary on promoting farm animal welfare at the expense of productivity

    Contributor(s):: Rollin, Bernard E.

  9. An ethicist's commentary on whether ineffective medication should be permitted to be sold

    Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.

  10. An evaluation of serum prolactin in anxious dogs and response to treatment with selegiline or fluoxetine

    Contributor(s):: Pageat, P., Lafont, C., Falewee, C., Bonnafous, L., Gaultier, E., Silliart, B.

    Defining objective, reproducible and standardized parameters for the evaluation of patients is one of the main academic focuses of veterinary behaviour medicine. Prolactin, a peptidic neurohormone and a cytokine, whose main regulator is dopamine, seems to be of particular interest in relation to...

  11. An evaluation of the suitability of contraceptive methods in golden-headed lion tamarins ( Leontopithecus chrysomelas ), with emphasis on melengestrol acetate (MGA) implants: (II) endocrinological and behavioural effects

    Contributor(s):: Vleeschouwer, K. de, Elsacker, L. van, Heistermann, M., Leus, K.

    In order to be suitable, a contraceptive method should have little or no effects on social organization or behaviour. In callitrichids, changes in socio-sexual interactions between group members, due to hormonal changes induced by contraception, may have consequences for the reproductive...

  12. Anesthesia in some categories of patients and clinical conditionsAnestesia in alcune categorie di pazienti e condizioni cliniche

    Contributor(s):: Grazioli, O.

    The author analyses anesthesia in the most frequent and risky clinical conditions, for which greater knowledge and attention in anesthetic management are required. In the final part, euthanasia is taken into account, because of its strategic importance, with emotional and psychological aspects...

  13. Animal-Assisted Therapy for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: Lessons from "Case Reports" in Media Stories

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Altschuler, E. L.

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can follow war trauma, sexual abuse, other traumas, and even be experienced by commanders for the PTSD of their subordinates. Medications and counseling are sometimes not effective, so new treatments are needed. Some years ago, I suggested that...

  14. Applied animal behaviour science. (Special issue: Suckling)

    | Contributor(s):: Lidfors, L., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K., Redbo, I.

    This supplement contains articles that focus on behavioural and physiological aspects of suckling and/or sucking in ruminants. Abnormal sucking behaviour, particularly cross-sucking and non-nutritive sucking, in calves are presented; and the effects of milk flow and milk volume, the presence of a...

  15. Assessing fear of novel and startling stimuli in domestic dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Ley, J., Coleman, G. J., Holmes, R., Hemsworth, P. H.

    Dog attacks on humans are a community issue and, while defensive and offensive aggression are implicated, little is known about the motivational basis of these attacks. Defensive aggression arising from fear may be implicated in some attacks and thus research on measuring fear in dogs is clearly...

  16. Assessment of acute pain experienced by piglets from ear tagging, ear notching and intraperitoneal injectable transponders

    | Contributor(s):: Leslie, E., Hernandez-Jover, M., Newman, R., Holyoake, P.

    Suckling piglets are routinely identified to assist with their day-to-day management. A total of 120 suckling piglets were used to determine and compare the short-term pain responses to a number of identification methodologies, including: ear notching, ear tagging and intraperitoneal injection...

  17. Assessment of acute pain in cats: signs, tools and limitations

    | Contributor(s):: White, K. L.

    Recent advances in pain assessment in companion animals represent a tenacious, painstaking and time-consuming dedication to improving animal welfare. Attitudes and knowledge about pain assessment, particularly in cats, have changed dramatically in the past few decades, representing a very obvious...

  18. Aversion to carbon dioxide stunning in pigs: effect of carbon dioxide concentration and halothane genotype

    | Contributor(s):: Velarde, A., Cruz, J., Gispert, M., Carrion, D., Torre, J. L. R. de la, Diestre, A., Manteca, X.

    Aversion to the dip-lift stunning system and to the inhalation of 70 and 90% carbon dioxide was assessed in 18 halothane-free (NN) and 14 heterozygous halothane (Nn) slaughter weight pigs using aversion learning techniques and behavioural studies in an experimental slaughterhouse. Pigs were...

  19. Behavioural effects of embryonic exposure to corticosterone in chickens

    | Contributor(s):: Janczak, A. M., Braastad, B. O., Bakken, M.

    We tested the hypothesis that exposure of chick embryos to corticosterone leads to increased fear, reduced competitive ability, reduced ability to cross a barrier and reduced growth in juvenile chicks. Behaviour was studied in birds subjected to three different egg injection treatments: a...

  20. Behavioural responses of juvenile steller sea lions to abdominal surgery: developing an assessment of post-operative pain

    | Contributor(s):: Walker, K. A., Horning, M., Mellish, J. A. E., Weary, D. M.

    Marking and tracking of marine mammals is required to gain a better understanding of life history traits; however, some marking procedures used are likely painful. Recent technological advances include intra-abdominally implanted archival telemetry devices for the life-long monitoring of...