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  1. Treatment of separation anxiety in dogs with clomipramine: results from a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter clinical trial

    Contributor(s):: King, J. N., Simpson, B. S., Overall, K. L., Appleby, D., Pageat, P., Ross, C., Chaurand, J. P., Heath, S., Beata, C., Weiss, A. B., Muller, G., Paris, T., Bataille, B. G., Parker, J., Petit, S., Wren, J.

    The efficacy and tolerability of clomipramine in the treatment of separation anxiety in dogs was tested in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, international multicentre clinical trial. For a diagnosis of separation anxiety, dogs had to exhibit at least one...

  2. Effects of diazepam on the behaviour of weaned pigs in three putative models of anxiety

    Contributor(s):: Andersen, I. L., Faerevik, G., Boe, K. E., Janczak, A. M., Bakken, M.

    The present study examined the effects of diazepam (a widely used anxiolytic benzodiazepine) on the behavioural response of pigs to three novel experimental situations used to measure anxiety-related behaviour in rodents. Twelve weaned pigs (two pairs from each of the three litters) were tested...

  3. The behaviour of male fattening pigs following either surgical castration or vaccination with a GnRF vaccine

    Contributor(s):: Baumgartner, J., Laister, S., Koller, M., Pfutzner, A., Grodzycki, M., Andrews, S., Schmoll, F.

    Vaccination of male fattening pigs with a gonadotropin releasing factor (GnRF) vaccine is regarded as a possible solution to solve the welfare problem associated with surgical castration, which causes pain and stress even when performed under local or general anaesthesia. The objective of the...

  4. The effects of immuno- and surgical-castration on the behaviour and consequently growth of group-housed, male finisher pigs

    Contributor(s):: Cronin, G. M., Dunshea, F. R., Butler, K. L., McCauley, I., Barnett, J. L., Hemsworth, P. H.

    An experiment was conducted to compare behaviour, in particular social and feeding behaviour, and consequently growth performance of group-housed entire and castrated male pigs during the finisher stage of production. Three treatments: (1) entire males, (2) immuno-castrated males, treated with...

  5. An ethicist's commentary on promoting farm animal welfare at the expense of productivity

    Contributor(s):: Rollin, Bernard E.

  6. An ethicist's commentary on whether ineffective medication should be permitted to be sold

    Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.

  7. Perspectives on alternatives to current animal testing techniques in preclinical toxicology

    Contributor(s):: Rowan, A. N., Goldberg, A. M.

  8. Primate testing: adequate alternatives

    Contributor(s):: Rowan, A. N.

  9. The Use of alternatives in drug research

    Contributor(s):: Rowan, Andrew N., Stratmann, Carl J.

  10. Diagnosis and treatement methods in separation anxiety in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Asztalos, L., Papuc, I., Lazar, I.

    A group of 60 dogs from different races, ages and genders in Romania were studied [date not given]. We used clinical and semiological methods and a paraclinical test for the diagnosis of separation anxiety, but the most important and relevant information were the anamnetic dates that the owners...

  11. Treat or euthanize: helping owners make critical decisions regarding pets with behavior problems

    Contributor(s):: Haug, L. I.

    This article describes the environmental and the animal's own factors that influence the development of behaviour problems and aggression and also considers the owners' perceptions, emotions and finances to help them decide on a treatment programme before considering euthanasia.

  12. Voluntary ingestion of buprenorphine in mice

    Contributor(s):: Jacobsen, K. R., Kalliokoski, O., Hau, J., Abelson, K. S. P.

    Buprenorphine is a widely used analgesic for laboratory rodents. Administration of the drug in a desirable food item for voluntary ingestion is an attractive way to administer the drug non-invasively. However, it is vital that the animals ingest the buprenorphine-food-item mix as desired. The...

  13. Effects of reconcile (fluoxetine) chewable tablets plus behavior management for canine separation anxiety

    Contributor(s):: Simpson, B. S., Landsberg, G. M., Reisner, I. R., Ciribassi, J. J., Horwitz, D., Houpt, K. A., Kroll, T. L., Luescher, A., Moffat, K. S., Douglass, G., Robertson-Plouch, C., Veenhuizen, M. F., Zimmermann, A., Clark, T. P.

    Canine separation anxiety is a common behavioral problem presented to veterinarians. Associated behaviors are distressing to both dog and owner, have the potential to disrupt the human-companion animal bond, and may lead to euthanasia. The results of this study demonstrate the clinical efficacy...

  14. Proceedings of the 6th International Veterinary Behavior Meeting (IVBM), Riccione, Italy, 17-19 June 2007

    A total of 43 abstracts of papers presented at the 6th International Veterinary Behaviour Meeting are included in this issue. The following topics are covered: behaviour; behavioural medicine; and clinical ethology; behavioural development; relationship and influence of owners on behaviour;...

  15. Buffalo behavioural response to machine milking in early lactation

    Contributor(s):: Cavallina, R., Roncoroni, C., Campagna, M. C., Minero, M., Canali, E.

    Buffalo farming in Italy is traditionally oriented towards mozzarella cheese production. Over the last decade, it has rapidly increased. As a result, intensive techniques and mechanization of farm activities have been introduced. Those sudden changes in rearing techniques have aroused a general...

  16. How can veterinarians optimise owner compliance with medication regimes

    Contributor(s):: Verker, M. J., Stokrom, M. van, Endenburg, N.

    While poor compliance is considered an important problem in human medicine, it has received little attention as a reason for treatment failure in veterinary medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate how veterinarians can optimise owner compliance. In total 57 owners participated in the...

  17. Injectable anesthetics

    Contributor(s):: Sawyer, D. C.

  18. Studies on oral stereotypies in restricted-fed broiler breeders

    Contributor(s):: Savory, C. J.

  19. The use of diazepam as a pharmacological validation of eye white as an indicator of emotional state in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Sandem, A. I., Janczak, A. M., Salte, R., Braastad, B. O.

    This experiment aims at validating the percentage of visible white in the eye as an emotional indicator, related to the frustration-contentedness axis, in cattle. Earlier experiments showed that the calculated percentage of white in the eyes was larger in frustrated or scared cows compared to...

  20. Training in behaviour-based post-operative pain scoring in rats - an evaluation based on improved recognition of analgesic requirements

    Contributor(s):: Roughan, J. V., Flecknell, P. A.

    The objective of the study was to evaluate whether an objective technique based on quantitative behaviour analysis represents a methodological improvement upon a simple subjective approach for assessing post-operative pain in rats. Data were collected during three Phases from 332...