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  1. Androstenone induces horses to be more compliant with human-horse interactions

    Contributor(s):: Choi, Yeonju, Yoon, MinJung

    Olfactory signals play an essential role in communication in animals. Pheromones are volatile or nonvolatile chemicals that trigger social responses among animals. Therefore, pheromone treatment could, in theory, be used to modify horse behavior to improve human-horse relationships. Androstenone...

  2. Epilepsy and the smell of fear

    Contributor(s):: Maa, E. H., Arnold, J., Bush, C. K.

  3. Maternal-Neonatal Pheromone/Interomone Added to Cat Litter Improves Litter Box Use and Reduces Aggression in Pair-Housed Cats

    Contributor(s):: McGlone, John J., Garcia, Arlene, Thompson, William G., Pirner, Glenna M.

    Introducing a new cat into a household with one or more resident cats can be a significant source of stress for the cats involved. These studies sought to determine if rabbit maternal-neonatal pheromone (2-methyl-2-butenal [2M2B]) in litter impacted cat social behaviors and litter box use. Study...

  4. Effects of Olfactory and Auditory Enrichment on the Behaviour of Shelter Dogs

    Contributor(s):: Amaya, V., Paterson, M. B. A., Phillips, C. J. C.

    Shelter environments are stressful for dogs, as they must cope with many stimuli over which they have little control. This can lead to behavioural changes, negatively affect their welfare and downgrade the human-animal bond, affecting re-homing success. Arousal is evident in their behaviour,...

  5. A synthetic olfactory agonist reduces aggression when sows are mixed into small groups

    Contributor(s):: Plush, Kate, Hughes, Paul, Herde, Paul, van Wettere, William

    Synthetic olfactory agonists mimic odours secreted by mammary glands in several mammal species and their application can reduce anxiety levels in both juvenile and adult animals. This investigation determined the effect of a commercially available synthetic olfactory agonist administration on...

  6. Working Smarter Not Harder: Oxytocin Increases Domestic Dogs' (Canis familiaris) Accuracy, but Not Attempts, on an Object Choice Task

    Contributor(s):: Oliva, J. L., Mengoli, M., Mendonca, T., Cozzi, A., Pageat, P., Chabaud, C., Teruel, E., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Bienboire-Frosini, C.

  7. Feline aggression directed toward people: causes and treatment

    Contributor(s):: Horwitz, D. F.

  8. Evaluation of an innovative approach for sensory enrichment in zoos: semiochemical stimulation for captive lions ( Panthera leo)

    Contributor(s):: Martinez-Macipe, M., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Manteca, X., Pageat, P., Cozzi, A.

    Despite improvements in zoo housing and management conditions over the last years, zoo animals may still present undesirable behaviours, such as aggression, stereotypies, boredom and a general absence of natural behaviours. In order to improve animal welfare, researchers are constantly looking...

  9. Introducing the new dog or cat into the home

    Contributor(s):: Mills, D., Dube, M. B., Zulch, H.

    Sections on potential stressors in the initial settling-in period, dos and don'ts for first encounters with a new pet, and problem prevention through education.

  10. Travel-related problems in pets

    Contributor(s):: Mills, D., Dube, M. B., Zulch, H.

    Sections on the nature and treatment of travel-related problems of pets, including cats.

  11. Immunocastration with Improvac TM reduces aggressive and sexual behaviours in male pigs

    Contributor(s):: Brewster, V., Nevel, A.

  12. Effects of dog and cat pheromones on mood and helping

    Contributor(s):: DellaGioia, Nicole F.

  13. The use of animals as an adjunct to clinical therapy: A review of the literature addressing four research questions

    Contributor(s):: Anderson, Abby Victoria

  14. Canine anxieties and phobias: an update on separation anxiety and noise aversions.

    | Contributor(s):: Sherman, B. L., Mills, D. S.

    Companion dogs commonly experience states of anxiety, fears, and phobias. Separation anxiety and noise aversions, as discussed in this article, are especially prevalent. Veterinarians are encouraged to recognize and treat such conditions on first presentation to address welfare issues and...

  15. Enhancement of the acoustic startle reflex by an alarm pheromone in male rats

    | Contributor(s):: Inagaki, Hideaki, Kiyokawa, Yasushi, Kikusui, Takefumi, Takeuchi, Yukari, Mori, Yuji

  16. The volatility of an alarm pheromone in male rats

    | Contributor(s):: Inagaki, Hideaki, Nakamura, Kayo, Kiyokawa, Yasushi, Kikusui, Takefumi, Takeuchi, Yukari, Mori, Yuji

  17. Mammary olfactory signalisation in females and odor processing in neonates: Ways evolved by rabbits and humans

    | Contributor(s):: Schaal, Benoist, Coureaud, Gérard, Doucet, Sébastien, Delaunay-El Allam, Maryse, Moncomble, Anne-Sophie, Montigny, Delphine, Patris, Bruno, Holley, André

  18. A placebo-controlled study to investigate the effect of Dog Appeasing Pheromone and other environmental and management factors on the reports of disturbance and house soiling during the night in recently adopted puppies ( Canis familiaris )

    | Contributor(s):: Taylor, K., Mills, D. S.

    Disturbance and house soiling during the night are common problems faced by the new puppy dog owner. They may result as consequence of a mismatch between the developmental status of the puppy and its new environment and/or separation distress in a typically social animal. The aim of this study...

  19. A prospective study of two self-help CD based desensitization and counter-conditioning programmes with the use of Dog Appeasing Pheromone for the treatment of firework fears in dogs ( Canis familiaris )

    | Contributor(s):: Levine, E. D., Ramos, D., Mills, D. S.

    The aims of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of two self-help CD based desensitization and counter-conditioning programmes with the use of Dog Appeasing Pheromone (DAP) for the treatment of firework fears in dogs and to evaluate the training progress and owner compliance. Fifty-four...

  20. The effect of exposure to oestrous ewes on rams' sexual behaviour, plasma testosterone concentration and ability to stimulate ovulation in seasonally anoestrous ewes

    | Contributor(s):: Rosa, H. J. D., Juniper, D. T., Bryant, M. J.

    272 ewes were introduced to (1) rams without recent experience of oestrous ewes, (2) rams recently exposed to oestrous ewes, (3) and (4) oestrous ewes and rams with or without recent experience with oestrous ewes, or (5) remained isolated from rams. Serum testosterone concentration of rams was...