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  1. Effects of Dog Assisted Therapy for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Exploratory Randomized Controlled Trial

    Contributor(s):: Wijker, C., Leontjevas, R., Spek, A., Enders-Slegers, M. J.

  2. Human Perceptual and Phobic Biases for Snakes: A Review of the Experimental Evidence

    Contributor(s):: Baynes-Rock, Marcus

    In this paper I review the literature on the evolutionary origins of phobias and describe the current state of research on the neurobiology and developmental origins of ophidiophobia—fear of snakes. In doing so I compare experimental evidence related to evolutionary explanations for snake fears...

  3. Social learning of feeding behaviour in pigs: Effects of neophobia and familiarity with the demonstrator conspecific

    Contributor(s):: Figueroa, Jaime, Solà-Oriol, David, Manteca, Xavier, Pérez, José Francisco

    Social interactions facilitate animals learning of new features of their environment minimizing a trial and error process. It has been observed in some species that food cues can be acquired by one individual (the observer) from an animal model (demonstrator) due to social learning. Three...

  4. Experience with a variety of feed colours reduces feed neophobia in the turkey

    Contributor(s):: Lecuelle, Stéphanie, Leterrier, Christine, Chagneau, Anne-Marie, Laviron, Florence, Lescoat, Philippe, Bastianelli, Denis, Bertin, Aline, Bouvarel, Isabelle

    When exposed to a new feed, farm birds are commonly reluctant to eat this feed. This phenomenon, called feed neophobia, could be reduced by exposing young animals to a variety of novel feeds. We investigated whether previous experience with a variety of feed colours could reduce food neophobia in...

  5. Effect of a short-term training on intake of Halocnemum strobilaceum forage by sheep

    Contributor(s):: Sadeghi, Mohammad-Hadi, Sari, Mohsen, abadi, Tahereh Mohammad, Rezai, Morteza

    Halocnemum strobilaceum (Chenopodiaceae) is a halophyte plant that can produce relatively high consumable biomass during drought and it is important for sustaining grazing animals when other plants are rare. Previous studies indicate that sheep may avoid the plant due to its novelty or neophobia....

  6. Some like it varied: Individual differences in preference for feed variety in dairy heifers

    Contributor(s):: Meagher, Rebecca K., Weary, Daniel M., von Keyserlingk, Marina A. G.

    Motivation to explore is believed to be widespread among animals, but exploratory behaviour varies within populations. Offering variety in feed is one simple way of allowing intensively housed dairy cattle to express exploratory foraging behaviour. Individuals’ exploration of different feed...

  7. Inconsistency in dairy calves’ responses to tests of fearfulness

    Contributor(s):: Meagher, Rebecca K., von Keyserlingk, Marina A. G., Atkinson, Dax, Weary, Daniel M.

    Fear is an important welfare problem for farm animals, including cattle. A variety of methods of assessing fear have been proposed, but the reliability and validity of these methods, and ways of improving these characteristics, have received little study. We conducted a series of experiments to...

  8. Unpredictable and repeated negative stimuli increased emotional reactivity in male quail

    Contributor(s):: Favreau-Peigné, Angélique, Calandreau, Ludovic, Constantin, Paul, Bertin, Aline, Arnould, Cécile, Laurence, Agathe, Richard-Yris, Marie-Annick, Houdelier, Cécilia, Lumineau, Sophie, Boissy, Alain, Leterrier, Christine

    Chronic stress is considered detrimental for an individual as it is a long-lasting negative emotional state, without or with a limited habituation. The reactivity and sensitivity of animals to stressors depend on the animal⿿s organismic characteristics such as sex. In poultry, the studies dealing...

  9. Acceptance of novel food by horses: The influence of food cues and nutrient composition

    Contributor(s):: van den Berg, M., Giagos, V., Lee, C., Brown, W. Y., Hinch, G. N.

    Compared to ruminants little is known about how horses modulate food intake and learn about flavour-to-post-ingestive consequences. While it has been suggested that due to hindgut fermentation horse⿿s foraging preferences may be largely influenced by sensory input (e.g. volatiles), it has been...

  10. The Receding Animal: Theorizing Anxiety and Attachment in Psychoanalysis from Freud to Imre Hermann

    Contributor(s):: Marinelli, L., Mayer, A.

  11. Yum, cake!: How reward sensitivity relates to automatic approach motivation for dessert food images

    Contributor(s):: May, Christine N., Juergensen, James, Demaree, Heath A.

  12. Reduction of phobic behaviour for animals in a boy with mental retardation

    Contributor(s):: Arntzen, Erik, Almås, Inger Karin

    Presents a treatment programme to eliminate phobic behavior in an 11-yr-old mentally retarded boy when confronted with different animals, such as dogs, cats, cows, birds, horses, sheep, and rabbits. The intention was to determine the number of different types of dogs required to reach the desired...

  13. Equine assisted activities and therapies: A case study of an older adult

    Contributor(s):: Wehofer, Lisa, Goodson, Nicole, Shurtleff, Tim L.

  14. Origins of fear of dogs in adults and children: The role of conditioning processes and prior familiarity with dogs

    Contributor(s):: Sharon Doogan, Glyn V. Thomas

    One hundred adults and 30 children completed questionnaires to investigate fear of dogs. Dog fearful adults asked to recall the origins of their fear reported classical conditioning experiences more frequently than vicarious acquisition or informational transmission. Overall, however, there was...

  15. Aggressive behavior of dogs kept as companion animals: classification and influence of sex, reproductive status and breed

    Contributor(s):: Peter L. Borchelt

    Data were obtained from a total of 245 cases of aggressive-behavior problems in dogs kept as companion animals. Aggression involved barking, growling and biting behavior. For each case, a home visit of one to several hours yielded a description of the sequences of aggressive behavior and the...

  16. Canine anxieties and phobias: an update on separation anxiety and noise aversions. (Practical applications and new perspectives in veterinary behavior.)

    Contributor(s):: Sherman, B. L., Mills, D. S.

    Companion dogs commonly experience states of anxiety, fears, and phobias. Separation anxiety and noise aversions, as discussed in this article, are especially prevalent. Veterinarians are encouraged to recognize and treat such conditions on first presentation to address welfare issues and...

  17. Facing the Fear: A Self-Help Guide to Getting Over Animal Phobias

    Contributor(s):: Marchman, James N.

  18. No dogs. Guide dogs by prior permission

    Contributor(s):: Pease, James, Brown, Anthony

  19. An augmented reality system for the treatment of phobia to small animals viewed via an optical see-through HMD: Comparison with a similar system viewed via a video see-through HMD

    Contributor(s):: Juan, M. Carmen, Calatrava, Jérôme

  20. Dog Gone Good: Managing dog phobia in a teenage boy with a learning disability

    Contributor(s):: Newman, Craig, Adams, Katie