'I'm just a'-walking the dog': Correlates of regular dog walking
Contributor(s):: Christian, Hayley, Giles-Corti, Billie, Knuiman, Matthew
A behavioural study of scrapie-affected sheep
| Contributor(s):: Healy, A. M., Hanlon, A. J., Weavers, E., Collins, J. D., Doherty, M. L.
The behaviour of 12 sheep, suspected of having scrapie, and 12 clinically normal animals from the Irish Republic was observed over a 6-day period [date not given]. Confirmation of the true disease status of the animals was made at postmortem using both histopathological and immunocytochemical...
A Birth Cohort Analysis to Study Dog Walking in Adolescence Shows No Relationship with Objectively Measured Physical Activity
| Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Andrew R. Ness, Calum Mattocks, Robert M. Christley
Physical inactivity during childhood and adolescence is a serious health concern. There are few studies of the activity undertaken by adolescents when walking with the family dog, and the effect of this on objectively measured physical activity levels. Objective measures of physical activity...
A brief note on the effects of the removal of individuals on social behaviour in a captive group of campbell's monkeys ( Cercopithecus campbelli campbelli ): a case study
| Contributor(s):: Lemasson, A., Gautier, J. P., Hausberger, M.
We investigated the social effects of the removal of two adult females, including the founder of a matriline, in a group of captive Campbell's monkeys (Cercopithecus campbelli campbelli). Their social behaviour was recorded 1 month before, 1 week after, and 7 months after the removal of the...
A brief note on the validation of a system for recording lying behaviour in dairy cows
| Contributor(s):: O'Driscoll, K., Boyle, L., Hanlon, A.
The duration and frequency of lying behaviour and the time spent standing are behavioural indicators of cow comfort. The objective of this study was to validate a robustly designed datalogger (DL) for recording standing and lying behaviour of cows at pasture. The datalogger consists of an...
A community-based social networking intervention to increase walking in dog owners
| Contributor(s):: Deirdra Murphy, Cynthia Ferrara, Jessica Oleski, Emily Panza, Laura Bowen, Brianne Bozella, Kimberly Gada, Clara Savage, Stephanie C. Lemon, Kristin L. Schneider
Roughly 40% of U.S. households own a dog and while dog ownership is associated with greater engagement in physical activity, up to 60% of dog owners do not achieve the recommended 150 minutes of weekly physical activity. The present study aims to develop and test a dog walking intervention...
A comparison of the activity budgets of wild and captive Sulawesi crested black macaques ( Macaca nigra )
| Contributor(s):: Melfi, V. A., Feistner, A. T. C.
One aim of environmental enrichment techniques is to replicate 'wild-like' behaviour in captivity. In this study, three captive troops of Sulawesi crested black macaques (M. nigra) in Chester, Jersey and Marwell Zoos, UK were each observed for 100 h in large naturalistic enclosures In May and...
A comparison of uniaxial and triaxial accelerometers for the assessment of physical activity in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Cheung, K. W., Starling, M. J., McGreevy, P. D.
The present study compares the outputs of uniaxial accelerometer (UA) and triaxial accelerometer (TA) to determine whether UAs can be used instead of TAs in estimating physical activity (PA) in domestic dogs (N=79). The PA of the dogs was measured simultaneously by a UA and a TA attached to...
A complex automatic feeding system for pigs aimed to induce successful behavioural coping by cognitive adaptation
| Contributor(s):: Ernst, K., Puppe, B., Schon, P. C., Manteuffel, G.
In modern intensive husbandry systems there is an increasing tendency for animals to interact with technical equipment. If the animal-technology interface is well-designed this may improve animal welfare by offering challenges for cognitive adaptation. Here a system and its application is...
A cross-sectional study of frequency and factors associated with dog walking in 9-10 year old children in Liverpool, UK
| Contributor(s):: Westgarth, C., Boddy, L. M., Stratton, G., German, A. J., Gaskell, R. M., Coyne, K. P., Bundred, P., McCune, S., Dawson, S.
Background Owning a pet dog could potentially improve child health through encouraging participation in physical activity, through dog walking. However, evidence to support this is limited and conflicting. In particular, little is known about children’s participation in dog walking and...
A curious kinship: apes and humans
| Contributor(s):: Linden, E.
A Mesolithic aurochs kill site (La Montagnes, Senas, bouches-du-Rhone)
| Contributor(s):: Helmer, Daniel, Monchot, Herve
A new synthesis : resituating approaches to the evolution of human behavior
| Contributor(s):: Fuentes, Agustín
A note on resting behaviour in horses kept on pasture: rolling prior to getting up
| Contributor(s):: Hansen, M. N., Estvan, J., Ladewig, J.
In previous studies on lying behaviour in horses kept in individual boxes we observed that most horses that had been lying down resting sometimes made a rolling behaviour prior to getting up. The rolling behaviour was seen in approximately 30% of the times the horses stood up. To analyse whether...
A note on the behaviour of the chicken that receives feather pecks
| Contributor(s):: Riber, A. B., Forkman, B.
Basic knowledge of feather pecking on the individual level is still limited. The aim of this study was to investigate whether active and inactive individuals preferentially attract feather pecking. Female layer hen chicks were housed in six pens with each 15 chicks. Each occurrence of gentle and...
A note on the effect of isolation during testing and length of previous confinement on locomotor behaviour during open-field test in dairy calves
| Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B.
This study investigated firstly if confined calves perform more locomotor behaviour when open-field tested in pairs than when tested individually, and secondly if length of confinement affects the build-up of motivation to perform locomotor behaviour. In the first experiment, 14 calves were...
A note on the effects of forward and rear-facing orientations on movement of horses during transport
| Contributor(s):: Toscano, M. J., Friend, T. H.
Several studies have attempted to determine the effects of orientation on a horse's ability to maintain balance during transportation. The results have often been contradictory because of differences in trailer design and lack of simultaneous comparisons. In this study, three replications of...
A survey assessment of variables related to stereotypy in captive giraffe and okapi
| Contributor(s):: Bashaw, M. J., Tarou, L. R., Maki, T. S., Maple, T. L.
Stereotypic behaviour has been investigated in a wide variety of animals, but little published information is available on this problem in captive exotic ungulates. A survey was used to gather information on the prevalence of stereotypic behaviour in giraffe and okapi and to identify variables...
A true best friend
Acquiring a dog and walking it: a preliminary examination of the possible physical activity and health benefits
| Contributor(s):: Nikolina M. Duvall Antonacopoulos, Timothy A. Pychyl
In light of the detrimental health consequences associated with insufficient physical activity, there is growing concern about the low percentage of adults who are sufficiently active. Given that some researchers have recommended that acquiring a dog should be promoted as a means of increasing...