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  1. Using the incidence and impact of health conditions in guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in working dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., England, G. C. W., Green, M. J., Asher, L.

    This study aimed to use retirement data from working guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in dogs and the demographic factors that influence ageing. Using a dataset of 7686 dogs spanning 20 years, dogs withdrawn for health reasons before they reached retirement were identified. Cases of...

  2. A new metric for quantifying the relative impact of risk factors on loss of working life illustrated in a population of working dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., Harvey, N. D., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.

    In a resource-limited world, organisations attempting to reduce the impact of health or behaviour issues need to choose carefully how to allocate resources for the highest overall impact. However, such choices may not always be obvious. Which has the biggest impact? A large change to a small...

  3. Protein expression and genetic variability of canine Can f 1 in golden and Labrador retriever service dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Breitenbuecher, C., Belanger, J. M., Levy, K., Mundell, P., Fates, V., Gershony, L., Famula, T. R., Oberbauer, A. M.

    Background: Valued for trainability in diverse tasks, dogs are the primary service animal used to assist individuals with disabilities. Despite their utility, many people in need of service dogs are sensitive to the primary dog allergen, Can f 1, encoded by the Lipocalin 1 gene (LCN1). Several...

  4. Activities outside of the care setting for people with dementia: a systematic review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: D'Cunha, N. M., Isbel, S., McKune, A. J., Kellett, J., Naumovski, N.

    OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence from interventions investigating the effects of out of care setting activities on people with dementia living in residential aged care. DESIGN: A systematic review. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of...

  5. Lateralized emotional functioning in domestic animals

    | Contributor(s):: Siniscalchi, Marcello, d’Ingeo, Serenella, Quaranta, Angelo

  6. Effects of Grazing in a Sown Pasture with Forestland on the Health of Japanese Black Cows as Evaluated by Multiple Indicators

    | Contributor(s):: Nakajima, Noriaki, Doi, Kazuya, Tamiya, Sae, Yayota, Masato

  7. Evaluating stress in riding horses: part one - behavior assessment and serum cortisol

    | Contributor(s):: Hovey, M. R., Davis, A., Chen, S., Godwin, P., Porr, C. A. S.

  8. Health Benefits of Pet Ownership for Older Adults

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Molly Cook, Sydney Busch

    Background: Over the last few decades, life expectancy has increased causing a significant rise and rising number of senior citizens. This has resulted in greater demand and spending in healthcare for this growing population, due to, the increase risk for health problems that are associated...

  9. Comparative assessment of faecal microbial composition and metabonome of swine, farmers and human control

    | Contributor(s):: Tan, S. C., Chong, C. W., Yap, I. K. S., Thong, K. L., Teh, C. S. J.

  10. The State of Assessment in Human-Animal Interaction Research

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kerri E. Rodriguez, NoÈmie A. GuÈrin, Robin L. Gabriels, James A. Serpell, Pamela J. Schreiner, Marguerite E. O'Haire

    There is a growing body of research in human-animal interaction (HAI), but the field is often criticized for its lack of methodological rigor and heterogeneous outcome assessment. In addition, there is a scarcity of valid and reliable assessment tools specific to measuring constructs directly...

  11. Animal-Based Measurements to Assess the Welfare of Dairy Cull Cows during Pre-Slaughter

    | Contributor(s):: Romero, M. H., Rodríguez-Palomares, M., Sánchez, J. A.

  12. Long-term stress levels are synchronized in dogs and their owners

    | Contributor(s):: Sundman, A. S., Van Poucke, E., Svensson Holm, A. C., Faresjö, Å, Theodorsson, E., Jensen, P., Roth, L. S. V.

  13. The opening of a hinged farrowing crate improves lactating sows’ welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Ceballos, Maria Camila, Góis, Karen Camille R., Parsons, Thomas D.

    Concerns about the welfare of lactating sows housed in farrowing crates have emerged because crates physically restrict the sows and possibly compromise their behavior and comfort. The aim of this study was to identify how the opening of a hinged farrowing crate on different days (4 or 7)...

  14. Flooring and driving conditions during road transport influence the behavioural expression of cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Stockman, Catherine A., Collins, Teresa, Barnes, Anne L., Miller, David, Wickham, Sarah L., Beatty, David T., Blache, Dominique, Wemelsfelder, Francoise, Fleming, Patricia A.

    This study examined whether observers could distinguish between cattle that were exposed to various road transport conditions: Experiment 1 compared a manipulated flooring treatment (non-grip flooring, NG) with a control transport event (grip flooring, G) and Experiment 2 compared a manipulated...

  15. Measures of behavioural reactivity and their relationships with production traits in sheep: A review

    | Contributor(s):: Dodd, Cathy L., Pitchford, Wayne S., Hocking Edwards, Janelle E., Hazel, Susan J.

    This paper defines the concept of temperament and discusses the use of behavioural reactivity testing in sheep. The range of behavioural tests used in sheep are categorised and the aspects of behaviour reflected by each type of test discussed. The activation of nervous and endocrine pathways is...

  16. Housing induced mood modulates reactions to emotional stimuli in sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Reefmann, Nadine, Muehlemann, Thomas, Wechsler, Beat, Gygax, Lorenz

    The assessment of positive and negative short-term affective states (emotions) in animals and their modulation by long-term affective states (mood) is an on-going challenge. This study investigated the use of behavioural and physiological measures to assess emotions and their modulation by mood...

  17. Physiological State of Therapy Dogs during Animal-Assisted Activities in an Outpatient Setting

    | Contributor(s):: Clark, S. D., Martin, F., McGowan, R. T. S., Smidt, J. M., Anderson, R., Wang, L., Turpin, T., Langenfeld-McCoy, N., Bauer, B. A., Mohabbat, A. B.

    Therapy dogs are increasingly being incorporated into numerous clinical settings. However, there are only a handful of studies that have focused on the impact of animal-assisted activity or therapy sessions on the wellbeing of the therapy dogs. Furthermore, these studies show mixed results. The...

  18. Low welfare impact of noise: assessment in an experimental model of mice infected by Herpes simplex-1

    | Contributor(s):: Trindade Madeira Araújo, Fernanda, Espírito Santo, Lilia de Cássia, Peixoto Teixeira, Ana Carolina, Senra Santos, Beatriz, Galvão Filho, Bruno, Souza Silva, Thais, Duarte, Marina Henriques Lage, da Silva Vasconcellos, Angélica, Farias de Alvarenga, Kevin Augusto, Viana Magno, Luiz Alexandre, Cavalcante, Krisdany Vinícius, Young, Robert John, Campos, Marco Antônio

    The breeding practices adopted and the equipment typically found in animal facilities produce sounds at frequencies within the auditory range of the mice (1 to 100 kHz), which can cause hearing and other non-hearing effects. Another aspect that could potentially affects the welfare of...

  19. Validity and reliability of cardiac measures during behavioural tests in pet dogs at home

    | Contributor(s):: Lensen, Rian C. M. M., Betremieux, Cécile, Bavegems, Valérie, Sys, Stanislas U., Moons, Christel P. H., Diederich, Claire

    Behavioural tests are often used to describe dogs’ responses to a variety of stimuli. However, the expressed behaviours do not always give an accurate indication of the dogs’ mental state. Cardiac measures can be recorded in parallel to the behavioural test to provide additional information about...

  20. Behaviour and physiology of sheep exposed to ammonia at a similar concentration to those experienced by sheep during export by sea

    | Contributor(s):: Zhang, Yu, Guinnefollau, Lauréline, Sullivan, Megan, Phillips, Clive J. C.

    Ammonia accumulates in livestock accommodation, which inflames mucosal tissue to cause coughing, sneezing and lacrimation and adversely affects feed intake. We aimed to find out why feed intake is reduced for sheep in ammonia conditions typical of live export by measuring nutritional behaviour...