Flooring and driving conditions during road transport influence the behavioural expression of cattle
Contributor(s):: Stockman, Catherine A., Collins, Teresa, Barnes, Anne L., Miller, David, Wickham, Sarah L., Beatty, David T., Blache, Dominique, Wemelsfelder, Francoise, Fleming, Patricia A.
This study examined whether observers could distinguish between cattle that were exposed to various road transport conditions: Experiment 1 compared a manipulated flooring treatment (non-grip flooring, NG) with a control transport event (grip flooring, G) and Experiment 2 compared a manipulated...
Measures of behavioural reactivity and their relationships with production traits in sheep: A review
Contributor(s):: Dodd, Cathy L., Pitchford, Wayne S., Hocking Edwards, Janelle E., Hazel, Susan J.
This paper defines the concept of temperament and discusses the use of behavioural reactivity testing in sheep. The range of behavioural tests used in sheep are categorised and the aspects of behaviour reflected by each type of test discussed. The activation of nervous and endocrine pathways is...
Housing induced mood modulates reactions to emotional stimuli in sheep
Contributor(s):: Reefmann, Nadine, Muehlemann, Thomas, Wechsler, Beat, Gygax, Lorenz
The assessment of positive and negative short-term affective states (emotions) in animals and their modulation by long-term affective states (mood) is an on-going challenge. This study investigated the use of behavioural and physiological measures to assess emotions and their modulation by mood...
Physiological State of Therapy Dogs during Animal-Assisted Activities in an Outpatient Setting
Contributor(s):: Clark, S. D., Martin, F., McGowan, R. T. S., Smidt, J. M., Anderson, R., Wang, L., Turpin, T., Langenfeld-McCoy, N., Bauer, B. A., Mohabbat, A. B.
Therapy dogs are increasingly being incorporated into numerous clinical settings. However, there are only a handful of studies that have focused on the impact of animal-assisted activity or therapy sessions on the wellbeing of the therapy dogs. Furthermore, these studies show mixed results. The...
Low welfare impact of noise: assessment in an experimental model of mice infected by Herpes simplex-1
Contributor(s):: Trindade Madeira Araújo, Fernanda, Espírito Santo, Lilia de Cássia, Peixoto Teixeira, Ana Carolina, Senra Santos, Beatriz, Galvão Filho, Bruno, Souza Silva, Thais, Duarte, Marina Henriques Lage, da Silva Vasconcellos, Angélica, Farias de Alvarenga, Kevin Augusto, Viana Magno, Luiz Alexandre, Cavalcante, Krisdany Vinícius, Young, Robert John, Campos, Marco Antônio
The breeding practices adopted and the equipment typically found in animal facilities produce sounds at frequencies within the auditory range of the mice (1 to 100 kHz), which can cause hearing and other non-hearing effects. Another aspect that could potentially affects the welfare of...
Validity and reliability of cardiac measures during behavioural tests in pet dogs at home
Contributor(s):: Lensen, Rian C. M. M., Betremieux, Cécile, Bavegems, Valérie, Sys, Stanislas U., Moons, Christel P. H., Diederich, Claire
Behavioural tests are often used to describe dogs’ responses to a variety of stimuli. However, the expressed behaviours do not always give an accurate indication of the dogs’ mental state. Cardiac measures can be recorded in parallel to the behavioural test to provide additional information about...
Behaviour and physiology of sheep exposed to ammonia at a similar concentration to those experienced by sheep during export by sea
Contributor(s):: Zhang, Yu, Guinnefollau, Lauréline, Sullivan, Megan, Phillips, Clive J. C.
Ammonia accumulates in livestock accommodation, which inflames mucosal tissue to cause coughing, sneezing and lacrimation and adversely affects feed intake. We aimed to find out why feed intake is reduced for sheep in ammonia conditions typical of live export by measuring nutritional behaviour...
An explorative study on the effect of provision of preferred and non-preferred enrichment on behavioural and physiological parameters in laboratory ferrets (Mustela putorius furo)
Contributor(s):: Reijgwart, Marsinah L., Vinke, Claudia M., Hendriksen, Coenraad F. M., den Hoed, Kim M., van der Meer, Manon I., van der Meer, Miriam, Schoemaker, Nico J., van Zeeland, Yvonne R. A.
Environmental enrichment is often advocated to refine animal studies. Despite the increasing use of ferrets as an animal model in biomedical research, the knowledge on effects of the provision of enrichment on these animals is limited. Additionally, it is unknown whether varying types of...
Emotional Transfer in Human-Horse Interaction: New Perspectives on Equine Assisted Interventions
Contributor(s):: Scopa, C., Contalbrigo, L., Greco, A., Lanata, A., Scilingo, E. P., Baragli, P.
BIOMECHANICS OF THERAPEUTIC RIDING DURING THE DISEASES OF I-II DEGREE DYSPLASTIC LUMBAR AND STATIC (SHORT LEG) SCOLIOSIS
Contributor(s):: Sheshaberidze, E., Merabishvili, I., Loria, M.
Relationships between handling, behaviour and stress in lambs at abattoirs
| Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Rice, M., Borg, S., Edwards, L. E., Ponnampalam, E. N., Coleman, G. J.
Changes in Cardiorespiratory Responses and Kinematics With Hippotherapy in Youth With and Without Cerebral Palsy
| Contributor(s):: Rigby, B. R., Gloeckner, A. R.
Maximum permissible load for Kiso horses trotting over a short, straight course
| Contributor(s):: Matsuura, A., Inoue, S., Irimajiri, M., Hodate, K.
Minor Immediate Effects of a Dog on Children's Reading Performance and Physiology
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Lisa Schretzmayer, Kurt Kotrschal, Andrea Beetz
Literacy is a key factor in occupational success and social integration. However, an increasing number of children lack appropriate reading skills. There is growing evidence that dogs have positive effects on reading performance. We investigated the short-term effects of dogs on reading...
Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos
| Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.
Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...
Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.
Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...
Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries
| Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.
The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...
A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams
| Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.
This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students (n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....
Company human-animal interaction in the municipality of Paragominas, southeast of ParaInteracao homem-animal de companhia no municipio de Paragominas, sudeste do Para
| Contributor(s):: Santos, R. C. B., Moura, K. B., Sousa e Sousa, E., Oliveira, R. A. de, Soares, B. C., Melo, W. de O.
Objective of this study was to characterize the creation of companion animals raised in the southeastern region of Para. The study was conducted in the municipality of Paragominas-PA, from June to July 2015. The method used in data collection was the survey with questionnaires containing open and...
Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling--Comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming
| Contributor(s):: Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.