Behavioral patterns of yaks (Bos grunniens) grazing on alpine shrub meadows of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
Contributor(s):: Yang, Chuntao, Tsedan, Guru, Fan, Qingshan, Wang, Shulin, Wang, Zhaofeng, Chang, Shenghua, Hou, Fujiang
Cactus-induced keratoconjunctivitis in Texas: A case series of three dogs and one cat
Contributor(s):: Dowler, K. K., Scott, E. M., Teixeira, L. B. C., Vallone, L. V.
Influence of diet sequence on intake of foods containing ergotamine d tartrate, tannins and saponins by sheep
Contributor(s):: Jensen, Tiffanny Lyman, Provenza, Frederick D., Villalba, Juan J.
Plant secondary compounds (SCs) play crucial roles in plant survival and defense against herbivores and in appropriate amounts SCs provide health and nutritional benefits to herbivores. The presence of SCs in plants is important, and means need to be found to enhance their benefits while...
Foraging paths through vegetation patches for beef cattle in semi-natural pastures
Contributor(s):: Orr, Robert J., Tozer, Katherine N., Griffith, Bruce A., Champion, Robert A., Cook, James E., Rutter, Steven Mark
Grazing semi-natural grasslands may enhance their wildlife faunal diversity and abundance by modifying the plant species composition through exploiting the dietary choices of the domestic livestock, yet diet preferences in these grasslands are often poorly understood. We therefore investigated...
Effects of Olfactory and Auditory Enrichment on the Behaviour of Shelter Dogs
Contributor(s):: Amaya, V., Paterson, M. B. A., Phillips, C. J. C.
Shelter environments are stressful for dogs, as they must cope with many stimuli over which they have little control. This can lead to behavioural changes, negatively affect their welfare and downgrade the human-animal bond, affecting re-homing success. Arousal is evident in their behaviour,...
The interplay between exposure and preference for unpalatable foods by lambs
Contributor(s):: Villalba, Juan, Spackman, Casey, Lobón, Sandra
Herbivores satiate on single foods ingested too frequently or in excess. We hypothesized that exposure to the same unpalatable food too frequently or in excess causes satiety, which in turn would reduce subsequent use and preference for this food when alternatives become available. In each of...
An automated positioning system for monitoring chickens’ location: Accuracy and registration success in a free-range area
Contributor(s):: Stadig, Lisanne M., Ampe, Bart, Rodenburg, T. Bas, Reubens, Bert, Maselyne, Jarissa, Zhuang, Shaojie, Criel, Johan, Tuyttens, Frank A. M.
Free-range use in chickens is often suboptimal, and the full potential of outdoor access for chicken welfare may not be achieved. Many studies use visual observations of free-range use, imposing several limitations. An automated system capable of continuously monitoring the location of multiple...
Feed resource selection of Criollo goats is the result of an interaction between plant resources, condensed tannins and Haemonchus contortus infection
Contributor(s):: Torres-Fajardo, Rafael Arturo, González-Pech, Pedro Geraldo, Ventura-Cordero, Javier, Ortíz-Ocampo, Guadalupe Isabel, Sandoval-Castro, Carlos Alfredo, Torres-Acosta, Juan Felipe Jesús
The tropical deciduous forest (TDF) is an ecosystem with a heterogeneous array of plant species containing different condensed tannin (CT) content. Recent studies explored the effect of polyethylene glycol (PEG) or Haemonchus contortus infection on the intake and feed resource selection of goats....
Sentinel Animals in a One Health Approach to Harmful Cyanobacterial and Algal Blooms
| Contributor(s):: Lorraine C. Backer, Melissa Miller
People, domestic animals, and wildlife are all exposed to numerous environmental threats, including harmful algal blooms (HABs). However, because animals exhibit wide variations in diet, land use and biology, they are often more frequently or heavily exposed to HAB toxins than are people...
10,000 YEARS OF PASTORALISM IN ANATOLIA: A REVIEW OF EVIDENCE FOR VARIABILITY IN PASTORAL LIFEWAYS
| Contributor(s):: Hammer, Emily Louise, Arbuckle, Benjamin S.
Zoonotic Diseases and Phytochemical Medicines for Microbial Infections in Veterinary Science: Current State and Future Perspective
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| Contributor(s):: Bora Shin, Woojun Park
Diseases caused by bacterial infections in small-scale and industrial livestock are becoming serious global health concern in veterinary science. Zoonotic bacteria, including Staphylococcus, Campylobacter, and Bartonella species, that infect animals and humans cause various...
A Review of Bunyamwera, Batai, and Ngari Viruses: Understudied Orthobunyaviruses With Potential One Health Implications
| Contributor(s):: M. Fausta Dutuze, Manasse Nzayirambaho, Christopher N. Mores, Rebecca C. Christofferson
Bunyamwera (BUNV), Batai (BATV), and Ngari (NRIV) are mosquito-borne viruses of the Bunyamwera serogroup in the Orthobunyavirus genus of the Bunyaviridae family. These three viruses have been found to cause disease in both livestock animals, avian species, and humans. Thus, these...
Local knowledge held by farmers in Eastern Tyrol (Austria) about the use of plants to maintain and improve animal health and welfare
| Contributor(s):: Vogl, C. R., Vogl-Lukasser, B., Walkenhorst, M.
Background: The sustainable management of animal health and welfare is of increasing importance to consumers and a key topic in the organic farming movement. Few systematic studies have been undertaken investigating farmers' local knowledge related to this issue. Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM) is...
The Human-Animal Interaction Scale: development and evaluation
| Contributor(s):: Fournier, A. K., Berry, T. D., Letson, E., Chanen, R.
The purpose of this study was to develop the Human–Animal Interaction Scale (HAIS) and evaluate its reliability and validity. The HAIS is a 24-item self-report instrument designed to describe and quantify behaviors performed by humans and nonhuman animals during an episode of interaction...
The Relationships Among Plants, Animals, and Man in the African Tropical Rain Forest
| Contributor(s):: Hideaki Terashima
Interrelationship among man, plants and animals in the Ituri forest is described and analyzed. Plants contribute mainly to establish the material world of forest foragers, and their eternity gives man and animals living in the forest a sense of security and certainty of life. Animals are...
Silvopastoral systems for sustainable animal production and the role of animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Broom, D.
Integrated animal-assisted and plant-assisted ecotherapy for preschool children with speech disturbances: A program for the Arctic
| Contributor(s):: Kalashnikova, Irina V., Gontar, Oksana B., Zhirov, Vladimir K., Kalashnikov, Andrey O.
Documenting Domestication: New Genetic Archaeological Paradigms
| Contributor(s):: Melinda A. Zeder
Dr. Melinda Zeder, Director of Archaeobiology Program at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History delivers a talk at The Ohio State University (125 Scott Lab) about DNA and domestication. Dr. Zeder's lecture is part of a project sponsored by the Battelle Endowment...
Agrobiodiversity under different property regimes
| Contributor(s):: Timmermann, C., Robaey, Z.
Having an adequate and extensively recognized resource governance system is essential for the conservation and sustainable use of crop genetic resources in a highly populated planet. Despite the widely accepted importance of agrobiodiversity for future plant breeding and thus food security, there...
A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto-Juniperus oxycedrus woodland
| Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.
Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...