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  1. A comparison of dog-dog and dog-human play behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Rooney, N. J., Bradshaw, J. W. S., Robinson, I. H.

    In an observational study of dogs being walked by their owners (402), dogs which were walked together, and had opportunities to play with one another, played with their owners with the same frequency as dogs being walked alone. This finding was supported by a questionnaire survey of 2585 dog...

  2. A Comparison of Equine-Assisted Intervention and Conventional Play-Based Early Intervention for Mother–Child Dyads with Insecure Attachment

    Contributor(s):: Andrea Beetz, Nora Winkler, Henri Julius, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Kurt Kotrschal

    Insecure attachment, both of the child and of the mother, has been identified as a risk factor for early regulation disorders and further child development. Based on accumulating evidence of effectiveness of animal-assisted interventions, we implemented an Equine-Assisted Intervention (EAI) as an...

  3. A happier rat pack: The impacts of tickling pet store rats on human-animal interactions and rat welfare

    Contributor(s):: LaFollette, Megan R., O’Haire, Marguerite E., Cloutier, Sylvie, Gaskill, Brianna N.

    Rats find initial interactions with humans frightening, which can lead to negative affect, and poor welfare. A handling technique called "tickling", which mimics rat rough-and-tumble play, can be used to reduce these negative effects. When tickled, rats produce 50 kilohertz (kHz) ultrasonic...

  4. A review of behavioural methods to study emotion and mood in pigs, Sus scrofa

    Contributor(s):: Murphy, Eimear, Nordquist, Rebecca E., van der Staay, Franz Josef

    The study of emotions in animals is of increasing importance to a number of disciplines such as animal welfare science and affective neuroscience. Pigs are a common farm animal species, most often reared in intensive systems. Moreover, they are increasingly being used in laboratories. To...

  5. Adult-adult social play in captive chimpanzees: Is it indicative of positive animal welfare?

    Contributor(s):: Yamanashi, Yumi, Nogami, Etsuko, Teramoto, Migaku, Morimura, Naruki, Hirata, Satoshi

    Play is sometimes considered as an indicator of positive animal welfare. However, it is not yet sufficiently understood whether or not social play among adults can be considered as such an indicator because it is rare in adult animals. This study investigates the factors that influence social...

  6. Affiliative and disciplinary behavior of human handlers during play with their dog affects cortisol concentrations in opposite directions

    Contributor(s):: Horváth, Zsuzsánna, Dóka, Antal, Miklósi, Ádám

  7. Agility Activities for Children in a Municipality in Norway

    Contributor(s):: Krøger, Elsebeth, Slettebø, Åshild, Fossum, Mariann

  8. An experimental study of the effects of play upon the dog-human relationship

    Contributor(s):: Rooney, N. J., Bradshaw, J. W. S.

    It has often been suggested that intraspecific dominance relationships are established through play. By analogy, it is also claimed that the outcome of competitive games can affect dog-human relationships. This paper experimentally tests the latter idea. Fourteen Golden Retrievers were each...

  9. Application of functional analysis methods to assess human-dog interactions

    Contributor(s):: Feuerbacher, E. N., Wynne, C. D.

  10. Assessing calf play behavior in an arena test

    Contributor(s):: Mintline, Erin M., Wood, Sara L., de Passillé, Anne Marie, Rushen, Jeffrey, Tucker, Cassandra B.

    The use of play as an indicator of animal welfare shows promise, and an arena test is one method used to assess how different procedures or housing conditions affect calves’ motivation to perform locomotor play. However, it is unclear if this test reflects play in the home pen. In addition, the...

  11. Automated measurement of acceleration can detect effects of age, dehorning and weaning on locomotor play of calves

    Contributor(s):: Rushen, Jeffrey, de Passillé, Anne Marie

    Play may be a behavioural indicator of positive emotions in young animals, but in calves spontaneous play is time consuming to record. We examined whether measures of acceleration of calves in a large enclosure could detect effects on play running of age, dehorning and weaning off milk. Holstein...

  12. Behavioral and physiological responses of guide dogs to a situation of emotional distress

    Contributor(s):: Fallani, G., Prato Previde, E., Valsecchi, P.

    The aim of this study was to analyze the behavioral and physiological reactions of guide dogs in a distressing situation which promotes attachment behaviors towards their blind owners, and to compare such reactions with those of untrained or trainee dogs. The subjects were 57 adult Labrador and...

  13. Behaviour patterns and time course of activity in dogs with separation problems

    Contributor(s):: Lund, J. D., Jorgensen, M. C.

    An analysis of video-recordings of 20 dogs with separation problems suggested that separation behaviour may be divided into; exploratory behaviour, object play including elements of predatory behaviour, destructive behaviour and vocalization. Elimination behaviour was only found in one case....

  14. Behaviour test for eight-week old puppies - heritabilities of tested behaviour traits and its correspondence to later behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Wilsson, E., Sundgren, P. E.

    Play and exploratory behaviour, and behaviour when isolated (total of 10 tests) was tested in 630 German Shepherd puppies at 8 weeks of age. All dogs were also tested at 450-600 days of age using to regimen for selection of service dogs. Significant sex differences were found in 4 of the 10 puppy...

  15. Between the Moment and Eternity: How Schillerian Play Can Establish Animals as Moral Agents

    Contributor(s):: Denison, Jaime

  16. Children's concepts of the social affordances of a virtual dog and a stuffed dog

    Contributor(s):: Aguiar, Naomi R., Taylor, Marjorie

  17. Do dogs respond to play signals given by humans?

    Contributor(s):: Rooney, Nicola J., Bradshaw, John W. S., Robinson, Ian H.

  18. Dogs and their human companions: the effect of familiarity on dog-human interactions

    Contributor(s):: Kerepesi, A., Doka, A., Miklosi, A.

    There are few quantitative examinations of the extent to which dogs discriminate between familiar and unfamiliar persons. In our study we have investigated whether dogs show differential behaviour towards humans of different degrees of familiarity (owner, familiar person, unfamiliar person). Dogs...

  19. Down but not out: supine postures as facilitators of play in domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: Norman, K., Pellis, S., Barrett, L., Henzi, S. P.

    We used two sets of videotaped data of playing domestic dog dyads to determine whether rolling over during play served as a signal of submission or whether it was a combat maneuver adopted as part of an ongoing play sequence. Our results provide strong support for the latter. In the absence of...

  20. Effects of early play experience on play behaviour of piglets after weaning

    Contributor(s):: Donaldson, T. M., Newberry, R. C., Spinka, M., Cloutier, S.

    We hypothesised that play experience gained by piglets during early ontogeny would affect their ability to cope with weaning stress. Specifically, we predicted that (i) weaning would initially result in low play levels and (ii) better coping ability would be reflected by a more rapid increase in...