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  1. Evaluating a supported nature play programme, parents’ perspectives

    Contributor(s):: Ward, Tanya, Goldingay, Sophie, Parson, Judi

  2. Pre-weaning environmental enrichment increases piglets’ object play behaviour on a large scale commercial pig farm

    Contributor(s):: Yang, Chung-Hsuan, Ko, Heng-Lun, Salazar, Laura C., Llonch, Lourdes, Manteca, Xavier, Camerlink, Irene, Llonch, Pol

    Environmental enrichment is a legal requirement for European pig farms. The suitability of enrichment materials for neonatal pigs is understudied and has not been tested in commercial settings. This study investigates the effect of hanging objects and substrate as two enrichment strategies...

  3. Why do dogs play? Function and welfare implications of play in the domestic dog

    Contributor(s):: Sommerville, Rebecca, O’Connor, Emily A., Asher, Lucy

    Play is an enigmatic behaviour, the function of which is still debated, despite more than a century of research. We discuss the evolutionary function of play behaviour, focusing on the domestic dog (Canis familiaris), a unique species due to its past domestication and current cohabitation with...

  4. Social behaviour of endangered European mink (Mustela lutreola) litters in captivity

    Contributor(s):: Kiik, Kairi, Maran, Tiit, Kneidinger, Nadja, Tammaru, Toomas

    In litter-bearing mammals, the environment and social interactions during early life often have a substantial effect on future behaviour of the animal. Most information though derives from lab rodents, pets or farm animals while comparable data are scarce for non-domesticated species, and...

  5. Adult-adult social play in captive chimpanzees: Is it indicative of positive animal welfare?

    Contributor(s):: Yamanashi, Yumi, Nogami, Etsuko, Teramoto, Migaku, Morimura, Naruki, Hirata, Satoshi

    Play is sometimes considered as an indicator of positive animal welfare. However, it is not yet sufficiently understood whether or not social play among adults can be considered as such an indicator because it is rare in adult animals. This study investigates the factors that influence social...

  6. Tail and ear movements as possible indicators of emotions in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Marcet Rius, Míriam, Pageat, Patrick, Bienboire-Frosini, Cécile, Teruel, Eva, Monneret, Philippe, Leclercq, Julien, Lafont-Lecuelle, Céline, Cozzi, Alessandro

    A better understanding of animal emotions is an important goal in disciplines ranging from neuroscience to animal welfare science, but few reliable tools exist for measuring these emotions. Play behaviour is generally recognized as a trigger of positive emotions in mammals, and previous studies...

  7. Selection of putative indicators of positive emotions triggered by object and social play in mini-pigs

    Contributor(s):: Marcet Rius, Míriam, Cozzi, Alessandro, Bienboire-Frosini, Cécile, Teruel, Eva, Chabaud, Camille, Monneret, Philippe, Leclercq, Julien, Lafont-Lecuelle, Céline, Pageat, Patrick

    Positive welfare is more than the absence of negative experiences. Nevertheless, there are few feasible animal-based measures for positive welfare. This study aimed to investigate whether object and social play behaviours in pigs, which is believed to trigger positive emotions, is linked to...

  8. A happier rat pack: The impacts of tickling pet store rats on human-animal interactions and rat welfare

    Contributor(s):: LaFollette, Megan R., O’Haire, Marguerite E., Cloutier, Sylvie, Gaskill, Brianna N.

    Rats find initial interactions with humans frightening, which can lead to negative affect, and poor welfare. A handling technique called "tickling", which mimics rat rough-and-tumble play, can be used to reduce these negative effects. When tickled, rats produce 50 kilohertz (kHz) ultrasonic...

  9. Playful pigs: Evidence of consistency and change in play depending on litter and developmental stage

    Contributor(s):: Brown, S. M., Peters, R., Nevison, I. M., Lawrence, A. B.

    Play behaviour in pre-weaned piglets has previously been shown to vary consistently between litters. This study aimed to determine if these pre-weaning litter differences in play behaviour were also consistent in the post weaning period. Seven litters of commercially bred piglets were raised in a...

  10. Evaluating the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) to Assess the Bond between Dogs and Humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Therese Rehn, Ragen T. S. McGowan, Linda J. Keeling

    The Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) is increasingly being used to study attachment between dogs and humans. It has been developed from the Ainsworth Strange Situation Procedure, which is used extensively to investigate attachment between children and their parents. In this experiment, 12...

  11. The effects of cage color and light intensity on rat affect during heterospecific play

    | Contributor(s):: LaFollette, Megan R., Swan, Melissa P., Smith, Rebecca K., Hickman, Debra L., Gaskill, Brianna N.

  12. Understanding feline emotions: ... and their role in problem behaviours

    | Contributor(s):: Heath, S.

  13. Online videos indicate human and dog behaviour preceding dog bites and the context in which bites occur

    | Contributor(s):: Sara C. Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth

    YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived...

  14. Pet dogs' behavior when the owner and an unfamiliar person attend to a faux rival

    | Contributor(s):: Prato-Previde, E., Nicotra, V., Pelosi, A., Valsecchi, P.

  15. Tickling, a Technique for Inducing Positive Affect When Handling Rats

    | Contributor(s):: Cloutier, S., LaFollette, M. R., Gaskill, B. N., Panksepp, J., Newberry, R. C.

  16. Examining dog-human play: the characteristics, affect, and vocalizations of a unique interspecific interaction

    | Contributor(s):: Horowitz, A., Hecht, J.

    Despite the growing interest in research on the interaction between humans and dogs, only a very few research projects focus on the routines between dogs and their owners. In this study, we investigated one such routine: dog-human play. Dyadic interspecific play is known to be a common...

  17. Food puzzles for cats: Feeding for physical and emotional wellbeing

    | Contributor(s):: Dantas, L. M., Delgado, M. M., Johnson, I., Buffington, C. T.

  18. Application of functional analysis methods to assess human-dog interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Feuerbacher, E. N., Wynne, C. D.

  19. Object manipulation and play behavior in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) under human care

    | Contributor(s):: Fabienne DelFour

    Cetaceans are well-known to display various play activities: numerous scientific papers have documented this phenomenon in wild populations and for delphinids under human care. The present study describes analyses of bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) interactions with man-made objects...

  20. Reduced locomotor play behaviour of dairy calves following separation from the mother reflects their response to reduced energy intake

    | Contributor(s):: Rushen, Jeff, Wright, Rebecca, Johnsen, Julie Føske, Mejdell, Cecilie Marie, de Passillé, Anne Marie

    Play behaviour is an indicator of good welfare in young calves and is reduced by low energy intake and weaning off milk. There is renewed interest in keeping calves longer with the cow but separation leads to signs of distress, such as vocalizations. Providing calves with an alternative milk...