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  1. Test-retest reliability and predictive validity of a juvenile guide dog behavior test

    Contributor(s):: Harvey, N. D., Craigon, P. J., Sommerville, R., McMillan, C., Green, M., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.

    The ability to measure stable and consistent behavioral traits in dogs would facilitate selection and assessment of working dogs, such as guide dogs. Ideally, these measures should predict suitability for the working role from a young age. This study assessed test-retest reliability of a juvenile...

  2. Effects of horse riding simulator on sitting motor function in children with spastic cerebral palsy

    Contributor(s):: Chinniah, H., Natarajan, M., Ramanathan, R., Ambrose, J. W. F.

  3. Can Individuals with Down Syndrome Benefit from Hippotherapy? An Exploratory Study on Gait and Balance

    Contributor(s):: Portaro, S., Cacciola, A., Naro, A., Cavallaro, F., Gemelli, G., Aliberti, B., De Luca, R., Calabrò, R. S., Milardi, D.

  4. The Influence of Hippotherapy on the Body Posture in a Sitting Position among Children with Cerebral Palsy

    Contributor(s):: Matusiak-Wieczorek, E., Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk, E., Synder, M., Borowski, A.

  5. Effects of Simulated Horseback Riding on Balance, Postural Sway, and Quality of Life in Older Adults With Parkinson's Disease

    Contributor(s):: Goudy, L. S., Rigby, B. R., Silliman-French, L., Becker, K. A.

  6. Do the type of walking surface and the horse speed during hippotherapy modify the dynamics of sitting postural control in children with cerebral palsy?

    Contributor(s):: Flores, F. M., Dagnese, F., Copetti, F.

  7. Hippotherapy on postural balance in the sitting position of children with cerebral palsy - Longitudinal study

    Contributor(s):: Moraes Ag Pt, MSc, Copetti, F. PhD, Ângelo, Vr Bs, Chiavoloni, L. Bs, de David, A. C. PhD

  8. Immediate effect of horse riding simulator on adductor spasticity in children with cerebral palsy: A randomized controlled trial

    Contributor(s):: Hemachithra, C., Meena, N., Ramanathan, R., Felix, A. J. W.

  9. Maternal Behavior, Posture Change, and Production Performance of Lactating Sows Housed in an Enriched Environment

    Contributor(s):: Yi, Ran, Wang, Chao, Zhang, Xin, Zhao, Peng, Zhang, Mingyue, Li, Xiang, Cui, Shiquan, Liu, Honggui, Bao, Jun

    This study aimed to evaluate whether adding straw to a loose-farrowing house promotes maternal functions and production. Forty-eight sows (LandraceĂ— Large White) were housed in either a farrowing pen without straw (C, n = 24) or with straw (S, n = 24). Behaviors were observed using video...

  10. Investigating the motivation to play in lambs

    Contributor(s):: Chapagain, Durga, Uvnäs-Moberg, Kerstin, Lidfors, Lena M.

    The aim of this study was to identify behaviours and ear postures linked to the appetitive, consummatory and post-consummatory motivational phases of play in male lambs, and to evaluate how cortisol was affected by play. Ten pairs of male lambs, Ovis aries were observed in a play arena three...

  11. Can ear postures reliably measure the positive emotional state of cows?

    Contributor(s):: Proctor, Helen S., Carder, Gemma

    Animal welfare science is increasingly concerned with the promotion of positive emotions in animals, yet little is known about how to measure them. We examined whether ear postures in dairy cows were reliable indicators of a low arousal, positive emotional state. We conducted a total of 381,...

  12. Opioid control of behaviour in sheep: Effects of morphine and naloxone on food intake, activity and the affective state

    Contributor(s):: Verbeek, Else, Ferguson, Drewe, Quinquet de Monjour, Patrick, Lee, Caroline

    The affective states of animals are important determinants of welfare, yet they are poorly understood. Here we investigate opioid involvement in the regulation of behaviours that may be indicative of the arousal and valence components of affective states in sheep. Ewes treated with sterile water...

  13. Housing induced mood modulates reactions to emotional stimuli in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Reefmann, Nadine, Muehlemann, Thomas, Wechsler, Beat, Gygax, Lorenz

    The assessment of positive and negative short-term affective states (emotions) in animals and their modulation by long-term affective states (mood) is an on-going challenge. This study investigated the use of behavioural and physiological measures to assess emotions and their modulation by mood...

  14. Horses’ responses to variation in human approach

    Contributor(s):: Birke, Lynda, Hockenhull, Jo, Creighton, Emma, Pinno, Lisa, Mee, Jenny, Mills, Daniel

    The behaviour of humans around horses is thought to have a substantial impact on how people are perceived in subsequent interactions and many horse trainers give detailed advice on how handlers should behave when initially approaching a loose horse. Here we report on three studies designed to...

  15. Sex of Walker Influences Scent-marking Behavior of Shelter Dogs

    Contributor(s):: McGuire, B., Fry, K., Orantes, D., Underkofler, L., Parry, S.

    Interactions with humans influence the behavior and physiology of other animals, and the response can vary with sex and familiarity. Dogs in animal shelters face challenging conditions and although contact with humans typically reduces stress and behaviors associated with stress, evidence...

  16. An Exploration of Equine-Assisted Therapy to Improve Balance, Functional Capacity, and Cognition in Older Adults With Alzheimer Disease

    Contributor(s):: Borges de Araujo, T., Martins, W. R., Freitas, M. P., Camargos, E., Mota, J., Safons, M. P.

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Alzheimer disease (AD) is a chronic, progressive dementia syndrome that features cognitive and behavioral symptoms, as well as physical and functional limitations that develop over the course of the disease. As an activity that involves physical and cognitive aspects,...

  17. Specificity and variability of trunk kinematics on a mechanical horse

    Contributor(s):: Goodworth, A. D., Barrett, C., Rylander, J., Garner, B.

  18. Activation of lower limb muscles with different types of mount in hippotherapy

    Contributor(s):: Ribeiro, M. F., Espindula, A. P., Bevilacqua Junior, D. E., Tolentino, J. A., Silva, Cfrd, Araujo, M. F., Ferreira, A. A., Teixeira, V. P. A.

  19. Face-based perception of emotions in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Bellegarde, Lucille G. A., Haskell, Marie J., Duvaux-Ponter, Christine, Weiss, Alexander, Boissy, Alain, Erhard, Hans W.

    Faces of conspecifics convey information about identity, but also gaze, and attentional or emotional state. As a cognitive process, face-based emotion recognition can be subject to judgement bias. In this study we investigated whether dairy goats (n=32) would show different responses to 2-D...

  20. Reactions of sheep towards three sets of emotional stimuli: (In)Consistency in respect to stimulus valence and sheep identity

    Contributor(s):: Gygax, Lorenz, Vögeli, Sabine

    There is an increasing interest in affective states in applied animal behaviour science, because these states are thought to reflect welfare from the perspective of the animals. Also, it can be expected that individuals differ in how they consistently react to emotional challenges. Recently, we...