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  1. The relationships between age, fear responses, and walking ability of broiler chickens

    Contributor(s):: Rasmussen, Sigga N., Erasmus, Marisa, Riber, Anja B.

  2. Behavioral-biological surveillance of emerging infectious diseases among a dynamic cohort in Thailand

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yadana, S., Cheun-Arom, T., Li, H., Hagan, E., Mendelsohn, E., Latinne, A., Martinez, S., Putcharoen, O., Homvijitkul, J., Sathaporntheera, O., Rattanapreeda, N., Chartpituck, P., Yamsakul, S., Sutham, K., Komolsiri, S., Pornphatthananikhom, S., Petcharat, S., Ampoot, W., Francisco, L., Hemachudha, T., Daszak, P., Olival, K. J., Wacharapluesadee, S.

    BACKGROUND: Interactions between humans and animals are the key elements of zoonotic spillover leading to zoonotic disease emergence. Research to understand the high-risk behaviors associated with disease transmission at the human-animal interface is limited, and few consider regional and local...

  3. Selection for reduced fear of humans changes intra-specific social behavior in red junglefowl - implications for chicken domestication

    | Contributor(s):: Gjoen, J., Jensen, P.

  4. Qualitative behaviour assessment as part of a welfare assessment in flocks of laying hens

    | Contributor(s):: Vasdal, Guro, Muri, Karianne, Stubsjøen, Solveig Marie, Moe, Randi Oppermann, Kittelsen, Kathe

  5. Humanely Ending the Life of Animals: Research Priorities to Identify Alternatives to Carbon Dioxide

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aline R. Steiner, Shannon Axiak Flammer, Ngaio J. Beausoleil, Charlotte Berg, Regula Bettschart-Wolfensberger, Rebeca García Pinillos, Huw D.R. Golledge, Michael Marahrens, Robert Meyer, Tobias Schnitzer, Michael J. Toscano, Patricia V. Turner, Daniel M. Weary, Thomas C. Gent

    The use of carbon dioxide (CO2) for stunning and killing animals is considered to compromise welfare due to air hunger, anxiety, fear, and pain. Despite decades of research, no alternatives have so far been found that provide a safe and reliable way to induce unconsciousness in groups of...

  6. Cross-species transmission potential between wild pigs, livestock, poultry, wildlife, and humans: implications for disease risk management in North America

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ryan S. Miller, Steven J. Sweeney, Chris Slootmaker, Daniel A. Grear, Paul A. Di Salvo, Deborah Kiser, Stephanie A. Shwif

    Cross-species disease transmission between wildlife, domestic animals and humans is an increasing threat to public and veterinary health. Wild pigs are increasingly a potential veterinary and public health threat. Here we investigate 84 pathogens and the host species most at risk for...

  7. Development of a list of terms in Brazilian Portuguese for the Qualitative Behaviour Assessment of broiler chickens

    | Contributor(s):: Souza, A. P. O., Wemelsfelder, F., Taconeli, C. A., Molento, C. F. M.

  8. Validation of histological and visual scoring systems for foot-pad dermatitis in broiler chickens

    | Contributor(s):: Piller, A., Bergmann, S., Schwarzer, A., Erhard, M., Stracke, J., Spindler, B., Kemper, N., Schmidt, P., Bachmeier, J., Schade, B., Boehm, B., Kappe, E., Louton, H.

  9. Chinese farmers' attitude towards the improvement of animal welfare in their facilities

    | Contributor(s):: Platto, S., Zhu, Q., Guo, A., He, Q., Hu, S., Valros, A., Irwin, A.

  10. Comparison of novel mechanical cervical dislocation and a modified captive bolt for on-farm killing of poultry on behavioural reflex responses and anatomical pathology

    | Contributor(s):: Martin, J. E., McKeegan, D. E. F., Sparrey, J., Sandilands, V.

  11. Feather-pecking and injurious pecking in organic laying hens in 107 flocks from eight European countries

    | Contributor(s):: Bestman, M., Verwer, C., Brenninkmeyer, C., Willett, A., Hinrichsen, L. K., Smajlhodzic, F., Heerkens, J. L. T., Gunnarsson, S., Ferrante, V.

  12. Campylobacter and Salmonella in scavenging indigenous chickens in rural central Tanzania: prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, and genomic features

    | Contributor(s):: Rukambile, E., Sintchenko, V., Muscatello, G., Wang, QinNing, Kiiru, J., Maulaga, W., Magidanga, B., Banda, G., Kock, R., Alders, R.

  13. Origin of the domestic chicken from modern biological and zooarchaeological approaches

    | Contributor(s):: Eda, M.

    2021Animal Frontiers11352-612160-605610.1093/af/vfab016EnglishHokkaido University Museum, Hokkaido University, Kita 10, Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo Hokkaido 060-0810, Japan.edamsk@museum.hokudai.ac.jptext

  14. Understanding attitude, practices and knowledge of zoonotic infectious disease risks among poultry farmers in Ghana

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Matilda Ayim‐Akonor, Ralf Krumkamp, Jürgen May, Eva Mertens

    Zoonotic infectious diseases (ZIDs) are increasing globally, and livestock farmers in low‐ and middle‐income countries are at particularly high risk. An evaluation of farmer's behaviour on farms can be used to identify the risk factors and to develop tailored control strategies. This study...

  15. Phenotypic and genomic analyses of agonistic interactions in laying hen lines divergently selected for feather pecking

    | Contributor(s):: Iffland, Hanna, Schmid, Markus, Preuß, Siegfried, Bessei, Werner, Tetens, Jens, Bennewitz, Jörn

  16. Testing ultra-wideband technology as a method of tracking fast-growing broilers under commercial conditions

    | Contributor(s):: Baxter, Mary, O’Connell, Niamh E.

    Ultra-wideband (UWB) is an indoor positioning technology that has several advantages over current methods of tracking indoor reared broiler chickens, including providing long-term data on movement patterns without the effect of observer presence. More information is needed on the accuracy of this...

  17. An Evaluation of Two Different Broiler Catching Methods

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Käthe Elise Kittelsen, Erik Georg Granquist, Agnete Lien Aunsmo, Randi Oppermann Moe, Elisiv Tolo

    Catching is the first step in the pre-slaughter chain for broiler chickens. The process may be detrimental for animal welfare due to the associated handling. The aim of this pilot study was to compare two different methods to manually catch broilers: Catching the broilers by two legs and...

  18. On-Farm Evaluation of an Automatic Enrichment Device with Maize Silage for Laying Hens

    | Contributor(s):: Giersberg, Mona Franziska, Kemper, Nicole, Spindler, Birgit

    Challenges in alternative housing for laying hens are barren functional areas such as winter gardens and the occurrence of behavioral disorders. Environmental enrichment is a measure to deal with these problems. Therefore, an enrichment device offering maize silage automatically was tested in two...

  19. Effects of Two CO2 Stunning Methods on the Efficacy of Stunning and Blood Stress Indicators of Turkeys under Commercial Processing Conditions

    | Contributor(s):: Guijarro, Angela, Mauri, Soledad, Aviles, Carmen, Peña, Francisco

    The effect of CO2 gas-stunning methods (G1: 30% CO2 15 sec, 55% CO2 40 sec, 70% CO2 45 sec; G2: 30% CO2 15 sec, 80% CO2 85 sec) on the efficacy of stunning, blood stress indicators and meat quality of turkeys were assessed. A total of 375 turkeys (125 heavy males, 125 light males, and 125 light...

  20. Effect of simple and low-cost enrichment items on behavioral, clinical, and productive variables of caged laying hens

    | Contributor(s):: Frediani, Mayra H., Pizzutto, Cristiane S., Alves, Maíra B. R., Pereira, Ricardo J. G.

    Housing layers in battery cages is a practice still used by many countries but it has been criticized because of its influence on behavioral repertoire of birds. We investigated whether simple and affordable enrichment devices alone impact behavior, foot condition and performance of laying hens...