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  1. 'Upside-down'. The sheep-farmers are facing the presence of the wolves in the French Alps

    Contributor(s):: Fabre, Patrick

  2. A model to quantify the anticipatory response in cats

    Contributor(s):: Tami, G., Martorell, A., Torre, C., Compagnucci, M., Manteca, X.

    The aim of this paper was to develop a protocol to study the anticipatory response in cats as a measure of welfare. Seven experimental cats were trained in a classical conditioning paradigm to associate a sound with food arrival, while sound and food were presented without contingency in four...

  3. A rat-resistant artificial nest box for cavity-nesting birds

    Contributor(s):: Pitt, W. C., Driscoll, L. C., VanderWerf, E. A.

  4. A Survey of Public Opinion on Cat (Felis catus) Predation and the Future Direction of Cat Management in New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Jessica K Walker, Stephanie J Bruce, Arnja R Dale

    Cat predation is a prominent issue in New Zealand that provokes strong and opposing views. We explored, via 1011 face-to-face questionnaires, public opinion on (a) support for a National Cat Management Strategy (78% support); (b) concern regarding predation of wildlife by owned and un-owned cats...

  5. Anchor down or hunker down: an experimental study on zebra mussels' response to predation risk from crayfish

    Contributor(s):: Marcin Czarnoleski, Tomas Müller, Justyna Kierat, Landon Gryczkowski, Lucjan Chybowski

    Predation cues influence the strength of byssal attachment in bivalves. In zebra mussels, Dreissena polymorpha, anchorage increases in response to nonforaging roach, Rutilus rutilus, but decreases in response to artificially crushed conspecifics, and it remains unaltered by nonforaging crayfish....

  6. Animals, Arrogance and Unfathomably Deep Ecology

    Contributor(s):: Scriven, T.

  7. Are farmed salmon more prone to risk than wild salmon? Susceptibility of juvenile farm, hybrid and wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. to an artificial predator

    Contributor(s):: Solberg, M. F., Zhang, ZhiWei, Glover, K. A.

    Offspring of farmed Atlantic salmon have been documented to display lower survival than the offspring of wild salmon in the wild. It has been suggested that reduced survival of farmed salmon offspring in the wild could, in part, be explained by increased susceptibility to predation through...

  8. Artificial illumination reduces bait-take by small rainforest mammals

    Contributor(s):: Bengsen, A. J., Leung, L. K. P., Lapidge, S. J., Gordon, I. J.

    Small mammals often moderate their foraging behaviour in response to cues indicating a high local predation risk. We assessed the ability of cues associated with a high predation risk to reduce the consumption of bait by non-target small mammal species in a tropical rainforest, without inhibiting...

  9. Assessing Patterns of Human-Wildlife Conflicts and Compensation around a Central Indian Protected Area

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Krithi K. Karanth, Arjun M. Gopalaswamy, Ruth DeFries, Natasha Ballal

    Mitigating crop and livestock loss to wildlife and improving compensation distribution are important for conservation efforts in landscapes where people and wildlife co-occur outside protected areas. The lack of rigorously collected spatial data poses a challenge to management efforts to...

  10. Assessing the effectiveness of the Birdsbesafe anti-predation collar cover in reducing predation on wildlife by pet cats in Western Australia

    | Contributor(s):: Hall, C. M., Fontaine, J. B., Bryant, K. A., Calver, M. C.

    Many pet cats hunt and, irrespective of whether or not this threatens wildlife populations, distressed owners may wish to curtail hunting while allowing their pets to roam. Therefore we evaluated the effectiveness of three patterned designs (simple descriptions being rainbow, red and yellow) of...

  11. Assessing the safety of collars used to attach predation deterrent devices and ID tags to pet cats

    | Contributor(s):: Calver, M. C., Adams, G., Clark, W., Pollock, K. H.

  12. Attaques de chiens sur les troupeaux ovins dans le Luberon et comparaison avec la prédation en territoires à loups = Dog attacks on flocks of sheep in the Luberon area, and comparison with predation in wolf territories

    | Contributor(s):: Garde, Laurent

  13. Attention, noise, and implications for wildlife conservation and management

    | Contributor(s):: Chan, A. A. Y. H., Blumstein, D. T.

    Anthropogenic stimuli are often viewed as disturbances that directly interfere with signal processing or communication, or directly harm animals. However, such sounds may also distract individuals and thus potentially interfere with their ability to make biologically important decisions about...

  14. Behavioural and corticosterone responses to capture and confinement of wild blackbirds ( Turdus merula )

    | Contributor(s):: Adams, N. J., Farnworth, M. J., Rickett, J., Parker, K. A., Cockrem, J. F.

    Capture and temporary confinement of wild birds are integral parts of wildlife management practice and research used, for example, during translocation or reintroduction initiatives. We report here on the behavioural and stress hormone (corticosterone) responses of wild blackbirds (Turdus merula)...

  15. Behavioural changes and aversive conditioning in hunting dogs by the second-year confrontation with domestic sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Christiansen, F. O., Bakken, M., Braastad, B. O.

    Domesticated dogs occasionally exhibit predatory behaviour towards domestic sheep when running loose in pasture. Both young and old dogs of either sex may chase sheep. Electronic dog collars applying electric shocks are utilized as one method of training dogs to refrain from attacking sheep. This...

  16. Behavioural differences between three breed groups of hunting dogs confronted with domestic sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Christiansen, F. O., Bakken, M., Braastad, B. O.

    When running free in open fields, domestic dogs occasionally display predatory behaviour towards domestic sheep. This has not yet been studied scientifically. The aim of the present study was to investigate the inclination to chase sheep in 3 breed groups of hunting dogs that are most frequently...

  17. Behavioural patterns in ewe-lamb pairs and vulnerability to predation by wolverines

    | Contributor(s):: May, R., Dijk, J. van, Forland, J. M., Andersen, R., Landa, A.

    In Norway domestic sheep Ovis aries range unattended in mountainous areas during the summer season. Wolverines Gulo gulo re-established in the alpine regions of southern Norway during recent decades and are viewed as a substantial predator on lambs. Reducing predation on sheep by wolverines would...

  18. Bold, shy, and persistent: variable coyote response to light and sound stimuli

    | Contributor(s):: Darrow, P. A., Shivik, J. A.

    To improve frightening device technology for managing predation, we examined variation in coyote (Canis latrans) response to visual, auditory, and combined stimuli using a behavior-contingent programmable frightening device. We hoped to gather information on the relative effectiveness of light,...

  19. Calf mortality in semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) in a Scottish herd: the impact of maternal age and individual differences between cow

    | Contributor(s):: Jorgensen, M. W., Jarvis, S., Brewer, M. J., Goddard, P. J.

    High calf mortality rate is a significant problem facing semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) production around the world. Mortality rates, commonly due to predation, can range from 5 to 70%, which constitutes a great welfare concern. This study examined the influence of quantifiable...

  20. Common and emerging infectious diseases in the animal shelter

    | Contributor(s):: Pesavento, P. A., Murphy, B. G.

    The beneficial role that animal shelters play is unquestionable. An estimated 3 to 4 million animals are cared for or placed in homes each year, and most shelters promote public health and support responsible pet ownership. It is, nonetheless, inevitable that shelters are prime examples of...