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  1. Ethanol and a chemical from fox faeces modulate exploratory behaviour in laboratory mice

    Contributor(s):: Grau, Carlos, Leclercq, Julien, Descout, Estelle, Teruel, Eva, Bienboire-Frosini, Cécile, Pageat, Patrick

    Mice are macrosmatic animals that use olfaction as their main source of information to increase fitness; they process predator cues to assess risk, and plants and fruit cues to find nutritional resources and assess their quality or toxicity. In this study, we examined the effects of ethanol as an...

  2. Dogs’ responses to visual, auditory, and olfactory cat-related cues

    Contributor(s):: Hoffman, Christy L., Workman, Miranda K., Roberts, Natalie, Handley, Stephanie

    Standardized assessments have been developed to assess dogs’ behaviors around other dogs, but there currently is no validated way to predict how a dog in an animal shelter will behave around cats, unless the dog’s previous history is known. This study explored dogs’ responses to visual, auditory,...

  3. Cannibalism management of jundiá fry, Rhamdia quelen: Behavior in heterogeneous batches fed on food with different particle sizes

    Contributor(s):: Costenaro-Ferreira, Cristiano, Oliveira, Rodrigo R. B., Oliveira, Paulo L. S., Hartmann, Gustavo J., Hammes, Fernanda B., Pouey, Juvêncio L. O. F., Piedras, Sérgio R. N.

    Fish reared in heterogeneous batches and fed on food with a very small particle size can practice cannibalism, because it is energetically more feasible. Jundiá is an omnivorous fish that exhibits heterogeneous growth and high cannibalism rate (CR) in the early stages of its life. Thus, to...

  4. Pen trial of estrogen-induced conditioned food aversion to eggs in raccoons (Procyon lotor)

    Contributor(s):: Dueser, Raymond D., Martin, Joel D., Moncrief, Nancy D.

    Aversive conditioning is a promising but unproven non-lethal approach to reducing mammalian depredation on the eggs of ground-nesting birds, terrapins and sea turtles. This research tested the efficacy of oral estrogen concealed in a bland carrier as an aversive agent for wild-caught raccoons...

  5. Laugrand, Frédéric and Jarich Oosten: Hunters, Predators, and Prey: Inuit Perceptions of Animals

    Contributor(s):: Searles, Edmund

    2017Human Ecology456883-88403007839Springer Science & Business MediaNew Yorkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10745-017-9955-9EnglishDepartment of Sociology and Anthropology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA, USA ; Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Bucknell University,...

  6. Anchor down or hunker down: an experimental study on zebra mussels' response to predation risk from crayfish

    Contributor(s):: Marcin Czarnoleski, Tomas Müller, Justyna Kierat, Landon Gryczkowski, Lucjan Chybowski

    Predation cues influence the strength of byssal attachment in bivalves. In zebra mussels, Dreissena polymorpha, anchorage increases in response to nonforaging roach, Rutilus rutilus, but decreases in response to artificially crushed conspecifics, and it remains unaltered by nonforaging crayfish....

  7. Dog as a typical predator which communicates with manPies jako typowy drapieznik komunikujacy sie z czlowiekiem

    Contributor(s):: Kamieniak, J., Mazurkiewicz, T., Tietze, M.

    This article aims at the presentation of a complex process of making ties between the dog and the man, that started from the domestication of a dog and was followed by the thousands years of co-evolution. Here, we were discussing the process of forming relationships between the dog and the man up...

  8. Human-cat relationship in an oceanic biosphere reserve: the case of La Palma Island, Canary archipelago

    Contributor(s):: Medina, F. M., Nogales, M., Farnworth, M. J., Bonnaud, E.

    Removal of feral cats from island environments is a useful mechanism by which their ecological impact on endangered species can be reduced or ended. Nevertheless, because cats are anthropogenic in their origins, social perceptions of management practices play a large role in their implementation....

  9. Big Cats in Our Backyards: Persistence of Large Carnivores in a Human Dominated Landscape in India

    Contributor(s):: Vidya Athreya, Morten Odden, John D.C. Linnell, Jagdish Krishnaswamy, Ullas Karanth

    Protected areas are extremely important for the long term viability of biodiversity in a densely populated country like India where land is a scarce resource. However, protected areas cover only 5% of the land area in India and in the case of large carnivores that range widely, human use...

  10. Introducing Livestock-Guarding Dogs

    Contributor(s):: Jay R. Lorenz

    Livestock-guarding dogs are one of a variety of tools that sheep and goat producers are finding effective for preventing livestock losses to predators. Guarding dogs are used alone or in combination with other controls to keep predators out of flocks and herds.

  11. Exploring breed differences in dogs (Canis lupus familiaris): Does exaggeration or inhibition of predatory response predict performance on human-guided tasks?

    Contributor(s):: Monique A.r. Udall, Margaret Ewald, Nicole R. Dorey, Clive D. Wynne

    Domestic dogs’, Canis familiaris, responsiveness to human action has been a topic of scientific interest for almost two decades. However, are all breeds of domestic dog equally prepared to succeed on humanguided object-choice tasks? In the current study we compared three breeds of...

  12. Microhabitat selection by greater sage-grouse hens during brood rearing

    Contributor(s):: Mabray, Scott T., Conover, Michael R.

  13. Bioaccumulation of mercury in Wilson's snipe from Alabama

    Contributor(s):: Brooks, Lindsay J., Campbell, Joshua W., Murphy, Julie W.

  14. Farmers' perceptions of the impacts of human- wildlife conflict on their livelihood and natural resource management efforts in Cheha Woreda of Guraghe Zone, Ethiopia

    Contributor(s):: Mojo, Dagne, Rothschuh, Jessica, Alebachew, Mehari

  15. Vitals rates and seasonal movements of two isolated greater sage-grouse populations in Utah's West Desert

    Contributor(s):: Robinson, Jason D., Messmer, Terry A.

  16. Do artificial nests simulate nest success of greater sage-grouse?

    Contributor(s):: Dinkins, Jonathan B., Conover, Michael R., Mabray, Scott T.

  17. Rodent population management at Kansas City International Airport

    Contributor(s):: Witmer, G. W.

  18. Predator cues reduce American beaver use of foraging trails

    Contributor(s):: Severud, W. J., Belant, J. L., Bruggink, J. G., Windels, S. K.

  19. Individual hunting behaviour and prey specialisation in the house cat Felis catus: implications for conservation and management

    Contributor(s):: Dickman, C. R., Newsome, T. M.

    Predators are often classed as prey specialists if they eat a narrow range of prey types, or as generalists if they hunt multiple prey types. Yet, individual predators often exhibit sex, size, age or personality-related differences in their diets that may alter the impacts of predation on...

  20. Converging on ancient bones: a review of the evidence for the close relatedness of humans ( Homo sapiens) and spotted hyenas ( Crocuta crocuta)

    Contributor(s):: Baynes-Rock, M.

    The majority of spotted hyena studies are conducted in places such as national parks and reserves where there are few humans present other than the researchers. I argue that this reflects a perception that "real" hyenas are those largely unaffected by contact with humans. This is at odds with...