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  1. Environmental effects are stronger than human effects on mammalian predator-prey relationships in arid Australian ecosystems

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Benjamin L. Allen, Alana Fawcett, Alison Anker, Richard M. Engeman, Allan Lisle, Luke K.-P. Leung

    Climate (drought, rainfall), geology (habitat availability), land use change (provision of artificial waterpoints, introduction of livestock), invasive species (competition, predation), and direct human intervention (lethal control of top-predators) have each been identified as processes...

  2. In the spotlight: Can lights be used to mitigate fox predation on a free-range piggery?

    | Contributor(s):: Hall, Kaela J., Fleming, Patricia A.

  3. The effects of acute exposure to mining machinery noise on the behaviour of eastern blue-tongued lizards (Tiliqua scincoides)

    | Contributor(s):: Mancera, K. F., Murray, P., Lisle, A., Dupont, C., Faucheux, F., Phillips, C. J. C.

  4. The presence of Icelandic leadersheep affects flock behaviour when exposed to a predator test

    | Contributor(s):: Brunberg, Emma, Eythórsdóttir, Emma, Dýrmundsson, Ólafur R., Grøva, Lise

    Genetic selection in commercial sheep production has mainly focussed on production traits and to a large extent ignoring behavioural traits, such as response towards predators. The Icelandic leadersheep is a sheep breed selected and known for its special behavioural traits, such as leading the...

  5. The Insolent Fox: Human–Animal Relations with Protected Predators in Central-Southern Chile

    | Contributor(s):: Medina, Sebastián Pelayo Benavides

    This paper analyzes human–animal relations with protected predators in central-southern Chile, focusing mainly on the case of foxes. It is based on 12 months of anthropological research undertaken in the Araucanía Region, using an ethnographic approach that combined participant observation with...

  6. Significant Neuroanatomical Variation Among Domestic Dog Breeds

    | Contributor(s):: Hecht, E. E., Smaers, J. B., Dunn, W. D., Kent, M., Preuss, T. M., Gutman, D. A.

  7. Ethanol and a chemical from fox faeces modulate exploratory behaviour in laboratory mice

    | Contributor(s):: Grau, Carlos, Leclercq, Julien, Descout, Estelle, Teruel, Eva, Bienboire-Frosini, Cécile, Pageat, Patrick

    Mice are macrosmatic animals that use olfaction as their main source of information to increase fitness; they process predator cues to assess risk, and plants and fruit cues to find nutritional resources and assess their quality or toxicity. In this study, we examined the effects of ethanol as an...

  8. Dogs’ responses to visual, auditory, and olfactory cat-related cues

    | Contributor(s):: Hoffman, Christy L., Workman, Miranda K., Roberts, Natalie, Handley, Stephanie

    Standardized assessments have been developed to assess dogs’ behaviors around other dogs, but there currently is no validated way to predict how a dog in an animal shelter will behave around cats, unless the dog’s previous history is known. This study explored dogs’ responses to visual, auditory,...

  9. Cannibalism management of jundiá fry, Rhamdia quelen: Behavior in heterogeneous batches fed on food with different particle sizes

    | Contributor(s):: Costenaro-Ferreira, Cristiano, Oliveira, Rodrigo R. B., Oliveira, Paulo L. S., Hartmann, Gustavo J., Hammes, Fernanda B., Pouey, Juvêncio L. O. F., Piedras, Sérgio R. N.

    Fish reared in heterogeneous batches and fed on food with a very small particle size can practice cannibalism, because it is energetically more feasible. Jundiá is an omnivorous fish that exhibits heterogeneous growth and high cannibalism rate (CR) in the early stages of its life. Thus, to...

  10. Pen trial of estrogen-induced conditioned food aversion to eggs in raccoons (Procyon lotor)

    | Contributor(s):: Dueser, Raymond D., Martin, Joel D., Moncrief, Nancy D.

    Aversive conditioning is a promising but unproven non-lethal approach to reducing mammalian depredation on the eggs of ground-nesting birds, terrapins and sea turtles. This research tested the efficacy of oral estrogen concealed in a bland carrier as an aversive agent for wild-caught raccoons...

  11. Laugrand, Frédéric and Jarich Oosten: Hunters, Predators, and Prey: Inuit Perceptions of Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Searles, Edmund

    2017Human Ecology456883-88403007839Springer Science & Business MediaNew Yorkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10745-017-9955-9EnglishDepartment of Sociology and Anthropology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA, USA ; Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Bucknell University,...

  12. Anchor down or hunker down: an experimental study on zebra mussels' response to predation risk from crayfish

    | Contributor(s):: Marcin Czarnoleski, Tomas Müller, Justyna Kierat, Landon Gryczkowski, Lucjan Chybowski

    Predation cues influence the strength of byssal attachment in bivalves. In zebra mussels, Dreissena polymorpha, anchorage increases in response to nonforaging roach, Rutilus rutilus, but decreases in response to artificially crushed conspecifics, and it remains unaltered by nonforaging crayfish....

  13. Dog as a typical predator which communicates with manPies jako typowy drapieznik komunikujacy sie z czlowiekiem

    | Contributor(s):: Kamieniak, J., Mazurkiewicz, T., Tietze, M.

    This article aims at the presentation of a complex process of making ties between the dog and the man, that started from the domestication of a dog and was followed by the thousands years of co-evolution. Here, we were discussing the process of forming relationships between the dog and the man up...

  14. Human-cat relationship in an oceanic biosphere reserve: the case of La Palma Island, Canary archipelago

    | Contributor(s):: Medina, F. M., Nogales, M., Farnworth, M. J., Bonnaud, E.

    Removal of feral cats from island environments is a useful mechanism by which their ecological impact on endangered species can be reduced or ended. Nevertheless, because cats are anthropogenic in their origins, social perceptions of management practices play a large role in their implementation....

  15. Big Cats in Our Backyards: Persistence of Large Carnivores in a Human Dominated Landscape in India

    | Contributor(s):: Vidya Athreya, Morten Odden, John D.C. Linnell, Jagdish Krishnaswamy, Ullas Karanth

    Protected areas are extremely important for the long term viability of biodiversity in a densely populated country like India where land is a scarce resource. However, protected areas cover only 5% of the land area in India and in the case of large carnivores that range widely, human use...

  16. Introducing Livestock-Guarding Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Jay R. Lorenz

    Livestock-guarding dogs are one of a variety of tools that sheep and goat producers are finding effective for preventing livestock losses to predators. Guarding dogs are used alone or in combination with other controls to keep predators out of flocks and herds.

  17. Exploring breed differences in dogs (Canis lupus familiaris): Does exaggeration or inhibition of predatory response predict performance on human-guided tasks?

    | Contributor(s):: Monique A.r. Udall, Margaret Ewald, Nicole R. Dorey, Clive D. Wynne

    Domestic dogs’, Canis familiaris, responsiveness to human action has been a topic of scientific interest for almost two decades. However, are all breeds of domestic dog equally prepared to succeed on humanguided object-choice tasks? In the current study we compared three breeds of...

  18. Microhabitat selection by greater sage-grouse hens during brood rearing

    | Contributor(s):: Mabray, Scott T., Conover, Michael R.

  19. Bioaccumulation of mercury in Wilson's snipe from Alabama

    | Contributor(s):: Brooks, Lindsay J., Campbell, Joshua W., Murphy, Julie W.

  20. Farmers' perceptions of the impacts of human- wildlife conflict on their livelihood and natural resource management efforts in Cheha Woreda of Guraghe Zone, Ethiopia

    | Contributor(s):: Mojo, Dagne, Rothschuh, Jessica, Alebachew, Mehari