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Adopter-dog interactions at the shelter: behavioral and contextual predictors of adoption
Contributor(s):: Protopopova, A., Wynne, C. D. L.
Millions of unwanted pets enter animal shelters each year in the USA, but only a portion leave alive. Previous research has found that morphology and in-kennel behavior influence adoption. The current study evaluated whether any behaviors exhibited by dogs during an out-of-kennel interaction with...
An evaluation of the role the Internet site Petfinder plays in cat adoptions
Contributor(s):: Workman, M. K., Hoffman, C. L.
To better understand factors contributing to cat adoptions, this study was used to explore a possible association between an adoptable cat's popularity on Petfinder and the cat's length of availability for adoption at a managed-intake nonhuman animal shelter. This study was also used to examine...
An investigation of the Rusbult Investment Model of commitment in relationships with pets
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Contributor(s):: Baker, Z. G., Petit, W. E., Brown, C. M.
The present research examines relationships between people and their pets through the lens of the Rusbult Investment Model. The Rusbult Investment Model identifies important antecedents to commitment in a relationship: satisfaction with the relationship, quality of alternatives to the...
Animal humanness, animal use, and intention to become ethical vegetarian or ethical vegan
Contributor(s):: Diaz, E. M.
The present study used relational and predictive approaches to build on past literature examining humanlike animal attributes. From the relational approach, it examined how five humanlike attributes ascribed to animals (Attributes Questionnaire) relate to one another and to attitudes toward 21...
Applying the interpersonal circumplex to the behavioral styles of dogs and cats
Contributor(s):: Zeigler-Hill, V., Highfill, L.
The present study examined the viability of the interpersonal circumplex, which was designed to examine human social behavior, as a model for considering the behavioral styles of dogs and cats. This was accomplished by recruiting 555 pet owners to report on the behavioral styles of their pets as...
Artificial colour treatment mediates aggression among unfamiliar vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops): a model for introducing primates with colourful sexual skin
Contributor(s):: Gerald, M. S., Weiss, A., Ayala, J. E.
Assessment of severity and progression of canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome using the CAnine DEmentia Scale (CADES)
Contributor(s):: Madari, A., Farbakova, J., Katina, S., Smolek, T., Novak, P., Weissova, T., Novak, M., Zilka, N.
Cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS) represents a group of symptoms related to the aging of the canine brain. These changes ultimately lead to a decline of memory function and learning abilities, alteration of social interaction, impairment of normal housetraining, changes in sleep-wake cycle and...
Battered pets and domestic violence: Animal abuse reported by women experiencing intimate violence and by nonabused women
Contributor(s):: Ascione, Frank R., Weber, Claudia V., Thompson, Teresa M., Heath, John, Maruyama, Mika, Hayashi, Kentaro
Behavioral and physiological predictors of guide dog success
Contributor(s):: Tomkins, L. M., Thomson, P. C., McGreevy, P. D.
A range of mobility aids are available to assist people living with vision impairment, and of these, guide dog ownership offers them several unique benefits. However, training a dog to be a successful guide dog comes at a high cost (approximately AU$30,000). Therefore, the aim of this study was...
Behavioural reactivity of ewes and lambs during partial and total social isolation
Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Matthews, L. R., Messori, S., Vulpiani, M. P., Ferri, N.
This work investigated the differences in the reactivity of Sarda (primiparous n=18, multiparous n=17) and Dorset (multiparous n=8) breeds of sheep and their singleton lambs to two challenging test situations involving a mother-lamb partial separation test and an isolation test. Non-parametric...
Behavioural testing of dogs in animal shelters to predict problem behaviour
Contributor(s):: Borg, J. A. M. van der, Netto, W. J., Planta, D. J. U.
Although new homes can be found for dogs in animal shelters, many returned. This is due partly to a poor 'match' between dog and new owner. A better prediction of problem behaviour could improve the matching procedure. A set of tests was developed to test four problem-related behavioural...
Children's Problems Predict Adults' "DSM-IV" Disorders across 24 Years
Contributor(s):: Reef, Joni, van Meurs, Inge, Verhulst, Frank C., van der Ende, Jan
Corticosterone differences rather than social housing predict performance of T-maze alternation in male CD-1 mice
Contributor(s):: Fitchett, A. E., Barnard, C. J., Cassaday, H. J.
This study examined the effects of social housing manipulations on bodyweight, corticosterone levels, and performance of T-maze alternation in male CD-1 mice. Males that adopted a dominant social rank were heavier than those that adopted a subordinate social rank. Dominant males also had lower...
Do dog behavioral characteristics predict the quality of the relationship between dogs and their owners?
Contributor(s):: Hoffman, C. L., Chen, P., Serpell, J. A., Jacobson, K. C.
Dog-sport competitors: what motivates people to participate with their dogs in sporting events?
Contributor(s):: Farrell, J. M., Hope, A. E., Hulstein, R., Spaulding, S. J.
Interactions between dogs and humans, including participating in physical activities and dog-sport events, are beneficial for both parties. Self-Determination Theory was used as a framework to explore dog-sport competitors' motivation to participate in dog-sport events. Eighty-five competitors...
Dominance rank is associated with body condition in outdoor-living domestic horses ( Equus caballus)
Contributor(s):: Giles, S. L., Nicol, C. J., Harris, P. A., Rands, S. A.
The aim of our study was to explore the association between dominance rank and body condition in outdoor group-living domestic horses, Equus caballus. Social interactions were recorded using a video camera during a feeding test, applied to 203 horses in 42 herds. Dominance rank was assigned to...
Early prediction of adult behaviour in potential guide dogs
Contributor(s):: Goddard, M. E., Beilharz, R. G.
Between 4 weeks and 6 months of age, dogs were subjected to various behavioural tests. The ability of these tests to predict fearfulness, activity and learning ability of the dogs when adult was assessed. Consistent individual differences in fearfulness were apparent at about 8 weeks of age, and...
Early prediction of adult police dog efficiency - a longitudinal study
Contributor(s):: Slabbert, J. M., Odendaal, J. S. J.
At the South African Police Service Dog Breeding Centre, behaviour tests were developed specifically for police dogs to predict their efficiency as adults. The tests were carried out on 167 puppies between January 1994 and March 1996. The sample consisted of 49 different litters from 34 stud dogs...