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  1. The Effect of an Irregular Feeding Schedule on Equine Behavior

    Contributor(s):: Zupan, Manja, Štuhec, Ivan, Jordan, Dušanka

    We used eight horses 1 to 12 years old to investigate the influence of irregular feeding times on the behavior. The animals were housed in individual boxes, fed with hay ad libitum and barley-oat mixture at three set times; 05:00 (earlier feeding) on Thursdays, 07:00 (delayed feeding) on...

  2. Reliably signalling a startling husbandry event improves welfare of zoo-housed capuchins (Sapajus apella)

    Contributor(s):: Rimpley, Kristina, Buchanan-Smith, Hannah M.

    Animals kept in captivity are reliant on humans for their care and welfare. Enclosure design, and choice of group mates as well as routine husbandry events such as feeding, cleaning, and health care are in the hands of human keepers. It is therefore important to understand how external...

  3. The effects of predictability in daily husbandry routines on captive rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)

    Contributor(s):: Gottlieb, Daniel H., Coleman, Kristine, McCowan, Brenda

    Rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) housed indoors experience many routine husbandry activities on a daily basis. The anticipation of these events can lead to stress, regardless of whether the events themselves are positive or aversive in nature. The specific goal of this study was to identify...

  4. Investigating the influence of predictable and unpredictable feed delivery schedules upon the behaviour and welfare of Atlantic salmon parr (Salmo salar) using social network analysis and fin damage

    Contributor(s):: Cañon Jones, Hernán Alberto, Noble, Chris, Damsgård, Børge, Pearce, Gareth P.

    Social network analysis was utilised to quantify the effect of short-term predictable (PD) and unpredictable (UD) feed delivery schedules of 10 days on behavioural interactions and the frequency and severity of fin damage in Atlantic salmon. Fin damage was only observed on the dorsal fin and its...

  5. Effects of varying feed provision on behavioral patterns of farmed collared peccary (Mammalia, Tayassuidae)

    Contributor(s):: Nogueira, Selene S. C., Calazans, Stella G., Costa, Thaise S. O., Peregrino, Hélderes, Nogueira-Filho, Sérgio L. G.

    Feeding enrichment regime has been widely employed as an important tool to mimic foraging behavior and improve farm animals’ welfare. Some authors have argued that creating some level of uncertainty in the animals’ environment is beneficial. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of challenge...

  6. Predictive Models of Assistance Dog Training Outcomes Using the Canine Behavioral Assessment and Research Questionnaire and a Standardized Temperament Evaluation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bray, E. E., Levy, K. M., Kennedy, B. S., Duffy, D. L., Serpell, J. A., MacLean, E. L.

    Assistance dogs can greatly improve the lives of people with disabilities. However, a large proportion of dogs bred and trained for this purpose are deemed unable to successfully fulfill the behavioral demands of this role. Often, this determination is not finalized until weeks or even months...

  7. Kyne–Donner Model of Authority’s Recommendation and Hurricane Evacuation Decisions: A Study of Hypothetical Hurricane Event in the Rio Grande Valley, Texas

    | Contributor(s):: Kyne, Dean, Donner, William

  8. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    | Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  9. Animal humanness, animal use, and intention to become ethical vegetarian or ethical vegan

    | Contributor(s):: Diaz, E. M.

    The present study used relational and predictive approaches to build on past literature examining humanlike animal attributes. From the relational approach, it examined how five humanlike attributes ascribed to animals (Attributes Questionnaire) relate to one another and to attitudes toward 21...

  10. Pet loss and grief: identifying at-risk pet owners during the euthanasia process

    | Contributor(s):: Barnard-Nguyen, S., Breit, M., Anderson, K. A., Nielsen, J.

    Pet owners often experience complex and profound grief reactions when their animals are euthanized. Veterinary staff are increasingly being called upon to be aware of and to respond to the grief reactions of pet owners at this critical time. The objectives of this study were to identify pet...

  11. Animal humanness, animal use, and intention to become ethical vegetarian or ethical vegan

    | Contributor(s):: Diaz, E. M.

    The present study used relational and predictive approaches to build on past literature examining humanlike animal attributes. From the relational approach, it examined how five humanlike attributes ascribed to animals (Attributes Questionnaire) relate to one another and to attitudes toward 21...

  12. Animal humanness, animal use, and intention to become ethical vegetarian or ethical vegan

    | Contributor(s):: Diaz, E. M.

    The present study used relational and predictive approaches to build on past literature examining humanlike animal attributes. From the relational approach, it examined how five humanlike attributes ascribed to animals (Attributes Questionnaire) relate to one another and to attitudes toward 21...

  13. An investigation of the Rusbult Investment Model of commitment in relationships with pets

    | Contributor(s):: Baker, Z. G., Petit, W. E., Brown, C. M.

    The present research examines relationships between people and their pets through the lens of the Rusbult Investment Model. The Rusbult Investment Model identifies important antecedents to commitment in a relationship: satisfaction with the relationship, quality of alternatives to the...

  14. Predictors of views about punishing animal abuse

    | Contributor(s):: Bailey, S. K. T., Sims, V. K., Chin, M. G.

    The current study used scenarios of animal cruelty based on actual events to explore what factors predict perceptions of punishments for animal cruelty. Five hundred thirty-eight university undergraduates participated in the study. Participants read scenarios based on an actual event of animal...

  15. Validation of HOBO Pendant data loggers for automated step detection in two age classes of male turkeys: growers and finishers

    | Contributor(s):: Dalton, H. A., Wood, B. J., Dickey, J. P., Torrey, S.

    Activity levels can be used as a predictor of health status, physical condition, feed efficiency, and coping style in animals. Small, portable data loggers have been validated as an inexpensive and effective alternative to video or live observation for automated activity detection in several...

  16. Managing risk from bears and other potentially lethal wildlife: predictability, accountability, and liability

    | Contributor(s):: Stringham, Stephen F.

  17. Effects of carprofen, meloxicam and butorphanol on broiler chickens' performance in mobility tests

    | Contributor(s):: Hothersall, B., Caplen, G., Parker, R., Nicol, C. J., Waterman-Pearson, A. E., Weeks, C. A., Murrell, J. C.

    Lame broiler chickens perform poorly in standardised mobility tests and have nociceptive thresholds that differ from those of non-lame birds, even when confounding factors such as differences in bodyweight are accounted for. This study investigated whether these altered responses could be due to...

  18. Assessment of severity and progression of canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome using the CAnine DEmentia Scale (CADES)

    | Contributor(s):: Madari, A., Farbakova, J., Katina, S., Smolek, T., Novak, P., Weissova, T., Novak, M., Zilka, N.

    Cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS) represents a group of symptoms related to the aging of the canine brain. These changes ultimately lead to a decline of memory function and learning abilities, alteration of social interaction, impairment of normal housetraining, changes in sleep-wake cycle and...

  19. Investigating the role of coat colour, age, sex, and breed on outcomes for dogs at two animal shelters in the United States

    | Contributor(s):: Svoboda, H. J., Hoffman, C. L.

    The popular press frequently reports that coat colour bias negatively impacts shelter adoption rates for black domestic dogs. This phenomenon, commonly called 'black dog syndrome' (BDS), reportedly increases the likelihood of euthanasia for black dogs and negatively affects the length of black...

  20. An evaluation of the role the Internet site Petfinder plays in cat adoptions

    | Contributor(s):: Workman, M. K., Hoffman, C. L.

    To better understand factors contributing to cat adoptions, this study was used to explore a possible association between an adoptable cat's popularity on Petfinder and the cat's length of availability for adoption at a managed-intake nonhuman animal shelter. This study was also used to examine...