Investigating the role of coat colour, age, sex, and breed on outcomes for dogs at two animal shelters in the United States
Contributor(s):: Svoboda, H. J., Hoffman, C. L.
The popular press frequently reports that coat colour bias negatively impacts shelter adoption rates for black domestic dogs. This phenomenon, commonly called 'black dog syndrome' (BDS), reportedly increases the likelihood of euthanasia for black dogs and negatively affects the length of black...
An evaluation of the role the Internet site Petfinder plays in cat adoptions
Contributor(s):: Workman, M. K., Hoffman, C. L.
To better understand factors contributing to cat adoptions, this study was used to explore a possible association between an adoptable cat's popularity on Petfinder and the cat's length of availability for adoption at a managed-intake nonhuman animal shelter. This study was also used to examine...
Dominance rank is associated with body condition in outdoor-living domestic horses ( Equus caballus)
Contributor(s):: Giles, S. L., Nicol, C. J., Harris, P. A., Rands, S. A.
The aim of our study was to explore the association between dominance rank and body condition in outdoor group-living domestic horses, Equus caballus. Social interactions were recorded using a video camera during a feeding test, applied to 203 horses in 42 herds. Dominance rank was assigned to...
Factors influencing stereotypic behaviours of animals rescued from Asian animal markets: a slow loris case study
Contributor(s):: Moore, R. S., Cabana, F., Nekaris, K. A. I.
Illegal wildlife trade has devastating effects on wild populations in Southeast Asia, made evident from the rising numbers of threatened species found in rescue centres. The prevalence of slow lorises ( Nycticebus spp.) in trade allows for the first time, a study of the response of wild-caught...
Predicting time spent on different behavioural activities from physicochemical properties of fibrous diets in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Bakare, A. G., Ndou, S. P., Madzimure, J., Chimonyo, M.
The objective of the present study was to predict time spent on different behavioural activities by finishing pigs, using physicochemical measurements of fibrous feed. Eighty four Large White * Landrace barrows with 80.54.7 kg body weight (BW) at the beginning of the experiment were used. Feed...
Behavioural reactivity of ewes and lambs during partial and total social isolation
Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Matthews, L. R., Messori, S., Vulpiani, M. P., Ferri, N.
This work investigated the differences in the reactivity of Sarda (primiparous n=18, multiparous n=17) and Dorset (multiparous n=8) breeds of sheep and their singleton lambs to two challenging test situations involving a mother-lamb partial separation test and an isolation test. Non-parametric...
Relations among need for power, affect and attitudes toward animal cruelty
Contributor(s):: Oleson, J. C., Henry, B. C.
Previous research has investigated the relationship between empathy with humans and attitudes toward animals. Developing a better understanding of this relationship, as well as other related variables, may assist in the prevention of antisocial behavior. The purpose of the current study was to...
The effects of human age, group composition, and behavior on the likelihood of being injured by attacking pumas
Contributor(s):: Coss, R. G., Fitzhugh, L. E., Schmid-Holmes, S., Kenyon, M. W., Etling, K.
Documentation from the years 1890 to 2000 of 185 instances of pumas (Puma concolor) attacking humans in the United States and Canada has provided statistical evidence that pumas are less likely to kill or injure humans in certain circumstances. We identified incidents of fatal attacks, severe...
Is there a bias against stray cats in shelters? People's perception of shelter cats and how it influences adoption time
Contributor(s):: Dybdall, K., Strasser, R.
The determination of adoptability is a fundamental issue facing shelters wishing to rehome cats. Many shelters in the United States cannot keep a cat indefinitely and increased time in the shelter environment may lead to reduced animal welfare due to chronic stress or euthanasia. In a series of...
Improved nonhuman animal welfare is related more to income equality than it is to income
Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.
The link between nonhuman animal welfare, income, and income inequality (Gini coefficient) was tested using consumption of animal products, laws protecting animals on the farm from the worst abuses, and animals used in experimentation as indicators. Experimentation on all animals and on rodents...
Lameness is consistently better at predicting broiler chicken performance in mobility tests than other broiler characteristics
Contributor(s):: Caplen, G., Hothersall, B., Nicol, C. J., Parker, R. M. A., Waterman-Pearson, A. E., Weeks, C. A., Murrell, J. C.
To determine whether lame broilers are in pain it is necessary to compare measures of lameness and mobility before and after analgesic treatment. Such measures should not be unduly affected by other bird characteristics. This study assessed the performance of lame (gait score, GS 3-4) and...
The value of puppy raisers' assessments of potential guide dogs' behavioral tendencies and ability to graduate
Contributor(s):: Batt, L. S., Batt, M. S., Baguley, J. A., McGreevy, P. D.
Using logistic regression analysis, we examined the use of questionnaires to evaluate variables that predict successful completion of a guide dog training program. The model compared the questionnaire responses from individual puppy raisers (PRs) with their dog's success in the guide dog training...
Hipporehabilitation at the Felin Experimental Farm of the Agricultural University in 2000-2006
Contributor(s):: Pluta, M.
Low income owners do not have more dogs: modeling animal count according to their owners
Contributor(s):: Martins, C. M., Mohamed, A., Guimaraes, A. M. S., Barros, C. da C. de, Pampuch, R. dos S., Svoboda, W., Ferreira, F., Biondo, A. W.
Methods used to estimate the size of the owned cat and dog population: a systematic review
Contributor(s):: Downes, M. J., Dean, R. S., Stavisky, J. H., Adams, V. J., Grindlay, D. J. C., Brennan, M. L.
Neuroticism and religious coping uniquely predict distress severity among bereaved pet owners
Contributor(s):: Lee, S. A., Surething, N. A.
Pet's presence and owner's blood pressures during the daily lives of pet owners with pre- to mild hypertension
Contributor(s):: Friedmann, E., Thomas, S. A., Son, H. S., Chapa, D., McCune, S.
Children's Problems Predict Adults' "DSM-IV" Disorders across 24 Years
Contributor(s):: Reef, Joni, van Meurs, Inge, Verhulst, Frank C., van der Ende, Jan
Artificial colour treatment mediates aggression among unfamiliar vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops): a model for introducing primates with colourful sexual skin
Contributor(s):: Gerald, M. S., Weiss, A., Ayala, J. E.
Tolerance of amphibians in Slovakian people: a comparison of pond owners and non-owners
Contributor(s):: Prokop, P., Fancovicova, J.