Battered pets and domestic violence: Animal abuse reported by women experiencing intimate violence and by nonabused women
Contributor(s):: Ascione, Frank R., Weber, Claudia V., Thompson, Teresa M., Heath, John, Maruyama, Mika, Hayashi, Kentaro
Behavioral and physiological predictors of guide dog success
Contributor(s):: Tomkins, L. M., Thomson, P. C., McGreevy, P. D.
A range of mobility aids are available to assist people living with vision impairment, and of these, guide dog ownership offers them several unique benefits. However, training a dog to be a successful guide dog comes at a high cost (approximately AU$30,000). Therefore, the aim of this study was...
Fostering adherence to horse behavior counseling
Contributor(s):: Jobling, R., Creighton, E.
Counseling services that aim to improve understanding of horse-human interactions are on the frontline of the horse welfare agenda. The aim of this research was to determine characteristics of horse owners seeking advice about their horse's behavior that predicted their adherence to that advice....
Non-native species do threaten the natural environment
Contributor(s):: Simberloff, D.
Sagoff [See Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics (2005) 18, 215-236] argues, against growing empirical evidence, that major environmental impacts of non-native species are unproven. However, many such impacts, including extinctions of both island and continental species, have both...
Early prediction of adult police dog efficiency - a longitudinal study
Contributor(s):: Slabbert, J. M., Odendaal, J. S. J.
At the South African Police Service Dog Breeding Centre, behaviour tests were developed specifically for police dogs to predict their efficiency as adults. The tests were carried out on 167 puppies between January 1994 and March 1996. The sample consisted of 49 different litters from 34 stud dogs...
Influences of immunocontraception on time budgets, social behavior, and body condition in feral horses
Contributor(s):: Ransom, J. I., Cade, B. S., Hobbs, N. T.
Managers concerned with shrinking habitats and limited resources for wildlife seek effective tools for limiting population growth in some species. Fertility control is one such tool, yet little is known about its impacts on the behavioral ecology of wild, free-roaming animals. We investigated...
Intake rate, intake per bite and time per bite of lactating ewes on vegetative and reproductive swards
Contributor(s):: Prache, S.
Rotational grazing by 8 Ile de France ewes, was examined in a cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata cv. Lucifer) sward at a vegetative or reproductive (appearance of first flowerheads in the canopy) stage. Measurements were made during progressive grazing down of 1030-msuperscript 2 paddocks. Regression...
Personality and performance in military working dogs: reliability and predictive validity of behavioral tests
Contributor(s):: Sinn, D. L., Gosling, S. D., Hilliard, S.
Quantification and description of individual differences in behavior, or personality differences, is now well-established in the working dog literature. What is less well-known is the predictive relationship between particular dog behavioral traits (if any) and important working outcomes. Here we...
Predicting tail-biting from behaviour of pigs prior to outbreaks
Contributor(s):: Statham, P., Green, L., Bichard, M., Mendl, M.
Predicting that an outbreak of tail-biting is going to occur in a group of pigs would be a useful tool for farmers. In a prospective longitudinal study, 24 groups of c.30 undocked pigs were followed from birth to slaughter weight. Four groups had to be excluded from the analysis, the remaining...
Quality of handling and holding yard environment, and beef cattle temperament: 2. Consequences for stress and productivity
Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Doogan, V. J., Venus, B. K., Holroyd, R. G., Olsson, P.
This experiment assessed the effects of different quality and quantity of handling and quality of the holding yard environment on the productivity and physiological parameters indicative of stress in beef cattle. One-hundred-and-forty-four steers were given one of three human handling and yarding...
Tail posture predicts tail damage among weaned piglets
Contributor(s):: Zonderland, J. J., Riel, J. W. van, Bracke, M. B. M., Kemp, B., Hartog, L. A. den, Spoolder, H. A. M.
Tail biting in pigs is a widespread behavioural vice with significant animal welfare and economic consequences. All too often, tail biting is not diagnosed nor dealt with until tail damage is present. To effectively reduce the negative effects of tail biting, it must be diagnosed in an early...
The management and behavioural history of 100 dogs reported for biting a person
Contributor(s):: O'Sullivan, E. N., Jones, B. R., O'Sullivan, K., Hanlon, A. J.
This paper analyses behavioural and management history data provided by 100 owners of dogs that had bitten a person. The data was obtained by telephone interview of volunteer dog owners. Two sub-sets of data were created using 21 dogs having no history of perceived aggressive behaviour prior to...
Influence of farm factors on the occurrence of feather pecking in organic reared hens and their predictability for feather pecking in the laying period
Contributor(s):: Bestman, M., Koene, P., Wagenaar, J. P.
Feather pecking is one of the most obvious welfare problems in laying hens. It is seen in all types of housing systems. Although banned in some countries, beak trimming is generally used to reduce the damage caused by this behaviour. In organic farming, where beak trimming is prohibited, the...
Landscape nutritional patterns and cattle distribution in rangeland pastures
Contributor(s):: Ganskopp, D. C., Bohnert, D. W.
On rangelands, uneven or unmanaged livestock distribution can adversely affect plant community composition, riparian function, or displace wildlife. These issues have historic precedents and are still a challenge for those managing rangelands. A thorough understanding of the mechanisms governing...
Pets, depression and long-term survival in community living patients following myocardial infarction
Contributor(s):: Friedmann, E., Thomas, S. A., Son, H. S.
Evidence supports the contribution of depression, anxiety, and poor social support to mortality of hospitalized myocardial infarction (MI) patients. The contribution of depression to survival is independent of disease severity. Pet ownership, a non-human form of social support, has also been...
Factors affecting the likelihood of release of injured and orphaned woodpigeons ( Columba palumbus )
Contributor(s):: Kelly, A., Halstead, C., Hunter, D., Leighton, K., Grogan, A., Harris, M.
Very little is known about the fate of the large numbers of injured and orphaned wild animals taken to wildlife rehabilitation centres in the UK each year. We reviewed the reasons for admission and outcomes for 2,653 woodpigeons (Columba palumbus), 68% of which were juveniles, brought to an RSPCA...
Pets and prediction: Understanding suppressor variables
Contributor(s):: Woolley, Kristin K.
Reasons for urban trail use predict levels of trail-related physical activity
Contributor(s):: Dunton, Genevieve Fridlund, Spruijt-Metz, Donna, Wolch, Jennifer, Chou, Chih-Ping, Jerrett, Michael, Byrne, Jason, Weaver, Susan, Reynolds, Kim D.
Predicting conjunction typicalities by component typicalities
Contributor(s):: Storms, Gert, De Boeck, Paul, Hampton, James A., Van Mechelen, Iven
Psychological and behavioral predictors of taking pet companions while traveling
Contributor(s):: Hung, Kuang-peng, Chen, Annie Huiling, Peng, Norman