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  1. Tail posture predicts tail damage among weaned piglets

    Contributor(s):: Zonderland, J. J., Riel, J. W. van, Bracke, M. B. M., Kemp, B., Hartog, L. A. den, Spoolder, H. A. M.

    Tail biting in pigs is a widespread behavioural vice with significant animal welfare and economic consequences. All too often, tail biting is not diagnosed nor dealt with until tail damage is present. To effectively reduce the negative effects of tail biting, it must be diagnosed in an early...

  2. The management and behavioural history of 100 dogs reported for biting a person

    Contributor(s):: O'Sullivan, E. N., Jones, B. R., O'Sullivan, K., Hanlon, A. J.

    This paper analyses behavioural and management history data provided by 100 owners of dogs that had bitten a person. The data was obtained by telephone interview of volunteer dog owners. Two sub-sets of data were created using 21 dogs having no history of perceived aggressive behaviour prior to...

  3. Human-animal interactions at abattoirs: relationships between handling and animal stress in sheep and cattle

    Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Rice, M., Karlen, M. G., Calleja, L., Barnett, J. L., Nash, J., Coleman, G. J.

    Relationships between handling and animal stress were studied in 200 animals, of similar age from one property, at each of two sheep and two cattle abattoirs (n=800). A total of 14 and 13 stockpeople handled the study sheep and cattle, respectively. At each abattoir, 10 cohorts of 20 animals from...

  4. Influence of farm factors on the occurrence of feather pecking in organic reared hens and their predictability for feather pecking in the laying period

    Contributor(s):: Bestman, M., Koene, P., Wagenaar, J. P.

    Feather pecking is one of the most obvious welfare problems in laying hens. It is seen in all types of housing systems. Although banned in some countries, beak trimming is generally used to reduce the damage caused by this behaviour. In organic farming, where beak trimming is prohibited, the...

  5. Landscape nutritional patterns and cattle distribution in rangeland pastures

    Contributor(s):: Ganskopp, D. C., Bohnert, D. W.

    On rangelands, uneven or unmanaged livestock distribution can adversely affect plant community composition, riparian function, or displace wildlife. These issues have historic precedents and are still a challenge for those managing rangelands. A thorough understanding of the mechanisms governing...

  6. Pets, depression and long-term survival in community living patients following myocardial infarction

    Contributor(s):: Friedmann, E., Thomas, S. A., Son, H. S.

    Evidence supports the contribution of depression, anxiety, and poor social support to mortality of hospitalized myocardial infarction (MI) patients. The contribution of depression to survival is independent of disease severity. Pet ownership, a non-human form of social support, has also been...

  7. Factors affecting the likelihood of release of injured and orphaned woodpigeons ( Columba palumbus )

    Contributor(s):: Kelly, A., Halstead, C., Hunter, D., Leighton, K., Grogan, A., Harris, M.

    Very little is known about the fate of the large numbers of injured and orphaned wild animals taken to wildlife rehabilitation centres in the UK each year. We reviewed the reasons for admission and outcomes for 2,653 woodpigeons (Columba palumbus), 68% of which were juveniles, brought to an RSPCA...

  8. Pets and prediction: Understanding suppressor variables

    Contributor(s):: Woolley, Kristin K.

  9. Reasons for urban trail use predict levels of trail-related physical activity

    Contributor(s):: Dunton, Genevieve Fridlund, Spruijt-Metz, Donna, Wolch, Jennifer, Chou, Chih-Ping, Jerrett, Michael, Byrne, Jason, Weaver, Susan, Reynolds, Kim D.

  10. Predicting conjunction typicalities by component typicalities

    Contributor(s):: Storms, Gert, De Boeck, Paul, Hampton, James A., Van Mechelen, Iven

  11. Psychological and behavioral predictors of taking pet companions while traveling

    Contributor(s):: Hung, Kuang-peng, Chen, Annie Huiling, Peng, Norman

  12. Applying the interpersonal circumplex to the behavioral styles of dogs and cats

    Contributor(s):: Zeigler-Hill, V., Highfill, L.

    The present study examined the viability of the interpersonal circumplex, which was designed to examine human social behavior, as a model for considering the behavioral styles of dogs and cats. This was accomplished by recruiting 555 pet owners to report on the behavioral styles of their pets as...

  13. Early prediction of adult behaviour in potential guide dogs

    Contributor(s):: Goddard, M. E., Beilharz, R. G.

    Between 4 weeks and 6 months of age, dogs were subjected to various behavioural tests. The ability of these tests to predict fearfulness, activity and learning ability of the dogs when adult was assessed. Consistent individual differences in fearfulness were apparent at about 8 weeks of age, and...

  14. Behavioural testing of dogs in animal shelters to predict problem behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Borg, J. A. M. van der, Netto, W. J., Planta, D. J. U.

    Although new homes can be found for dogs in animal shelters, many returned. This is due partly to a poor 'match' between dog and new owner. A better prediction of problem behaviour could improve the matching procedure. A set of tests was developed to test four problem-related behavioural...

  15. Effects of predictability on the welfare of captive animals. (Special Issue: Conservation, enrichment and animal behavior.)

    Contributor(s):: Bassett, L., Buchanan-Smith, H. M.

    Variations in the predictability of a stressor have pronounced effects on the behavioural and physiological effects of stress in rats. It is reasonable to expect that variations in the predictability of husbandry routines thought to be aversive to animals might have similar effects on stress...

  16. Foraging in a heterogeneous environment - an experimental study of the trade-off between intake rate and diet quality

    Contributor(s):: Edouard, N., Duncan, P., Dumont, B., Baumont, R., Fleurance, G.

    Among the factors determining the choice of feeding sites by herbivores, the rate of intake of net energy and nutrients is a major one. For grazers, patches of tall grasses are ingested faster, but are digested less fully because of their high fibre contents; conversely, short grass is highly...

  17. Exploring stock managers' perceptions of the human-animal relationship on dairy farms and an association with milk production

    Contributor(s):: Bertenshaw, C., Rowlinson, P.

    A human's attitude towards animals influences their behavior around animals, thus affecting the quality of the human-animal relationship (HAR). Many scientific studies have demonstrated that cattle's fear-response to humans affects their productivity, behavior, and welfare. In the scientific...

  18. Relating low perceived control and attitudes toward animal training: an exploratory study

    Contributor(s):: Chin, M. G., Sims, V. K., Lum, H. C., Richards, M.

    The goal of the current study was to examine the relationship between perceived control and views of animal training practices. Four hundred and thirty-seven participants completed a measure of perceived control in caregiving situations (Parent Attribution Test) and a 55-item questionnaire...

  19. The relationship between childhood cruelty to animals and psychological adjustment: a Malaysian study

    Contributor(s):: Mellor, D., Yeow, J., Norul Hidayah bt, Mamat, Noor Fizlee bt Mohd, Hapidzal

    In Western research, cruelty to animals in childhood has been associated with comorbid conduct problems and with interpersonal violence in later life. However, there is little understanding of the aetiology of cruelty to animals, and what in the child's life may require attention if the chain...

  20. The relationship between empathy, perception of pain and attitudes toward pets among Norwegian dog owners

    Contributor(s):: Ellingsen, K., Zanella, A. J., Bjerkas, E., Indrebo, A.

    Anthropomorphism, attachment level, and belief in animal mind, as well as owners' level of empathy and attitudes toward their pets, are some of the factors that affect human-animal interactions. Owners' ability to identify painful conditions in their pets may have important consequences for the...