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  1. Early prediction of adult behaviour in potential guide dogs

    Contributor(s):: Goddard, M. E., Beilharz, R. G.

    Between 4 weeks and 6 months of age, dogs were subjected to various behavioural tests. The ability of these tests to predict fearfulness, activity and learning ability of the dogs when adult was assessed. Consistent individual differences in fearfulness were apparent at about 8 weeks of age, and...

  2. Behavioural testing of dogs in animal shelters to predict problem behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Borg, J. A. M. van der, Netto, W. J., Planta, D. J. U.

    Although new homes can be found for dogs in animal shelters, many returned. This is due partly to a poor 'match' between dog and new owner. A better prediction of problem behaviour could improve the matching procedure. A set of tests was developed to test four problem-related behavioural...

  3. Effects of predictability on the welfare of captive animals. (Special Issue: Conservation, enrichment and animal behavior.)

    Contributor(s):: Bassett, L., Buchanan-Smith, H. M.

    Variations in the predictability of a stressor have pronounced effects on the behavioural and physiological effects of stress in rats. It is reasonable to expect that variations in the predictability of husbandry routines thought to be aversive to animals might have similar effects on stress...

  4. Foraging in a heterogeneous environment - an experimental study of the trade-off between intake rate and diet quality

    Contributor(s):: Edouard, N., Duncan, P., Dumont, B., Baumont, R., Fleurance, G.

    Among the factors determining the choice of feeding sites by herbivores, the rate of intake of net energy and nutrients is a major one. For grazers, patches of tall grasses are ingested faster, but are digested less fully because of their high fibre contents; conversely, short grass is highly...

  5. Exploring stock managers' perceptions of the human-animal relationship on dairy farms and an association with milk production

    Contributor(s):: Bertenshaw, C., Rowlinson, P.

    A human's attitude towards animals influences their behavior around animals, thus affecting the quality of the human-animal relationship (HAR). Many scientific studies have demonstrated that cattle's fear-response to humans affects their productivity, behavior, and welfare. In the scientific...

  6. Relating low perceived control and attitudes toward animal training: an exploratory study

    Contributor(s):: Chin, M. G., Sims, V. K., Lum, H. C., Richards, M.

    The goal of the current study was to examine the relationship between perceived control and views of animal training practices. Four hundred and thirty-seven participants completed a measure of perceived control in caregiving situations (Parent Attribution Test) and a 55-item questionnaire...

  7. The relationship between childhood cruelty to animals and psychological adjustment: a Malaysian study

    Contributor(s):: Mellor, D., Yeow, J., Norul Hidayah bt, Mamat, Noor Fizlee bt Mohd, Hapidzal

    In Western research, cruelty to animals in childhood has been associated with comorbid conduct problems and with interpersonal violence in later life. However, there is little understanding of the aetiology of cruelty to animals, and what in the child's life may require attention if the chain...

  8. The relationship between empathy, perception of pain and attitudes toward pets among Norwegian dog owners

    Contributor(s):: Ellingsen, K., Zanella, A. J., Bjerkas, E., Indrebo, A.

    Anthropomorphism, attachment level, and belief in animal mind, as well as owners' level of empathy and attitudes toward their pets, are some of the factors that affect human-animal interactions. Owners' ability to identify painful conditions in their pets may have important consequences for the...

  9. Why do even committed dog owners fail to comply with some responsible ownership practices?

    Contributor(s):: Rohlf, V. I., Bennett, P. C., Toukhsati, S., Coleman, G.

    Various dog management behaviors must be performed by owners to promote both the welfare of dogs and community health, safety, and amenity. While most Australian dog owners are compliant with practices known to characterize responsible dog ownership, even responsible owners sometimes fail to act...

  10. Corticosterone differences rather than social housing predict performance of T-maze alternation in male CD-1 mice

    Contributor(s):: Fitchett, A. E., Barnard, C. J., Cassaday, H. J.

    This study examined the effects of social housing manipulations on bodyweight, corticosterone levels, and performance of T-maze alternation in male CD-1 mice. Males that adopted a dominant social rank were heavier than those that adopted a subordinate social rank. Dominant males also had lower...

  11. Predicting quality of life outcomes as a guide for decision-making: the challenge of hitting a moving target

    Contributor(s):: McMillan, F. D.

    In animal care, when current decisions are made to maximise long-term quality of life (QoL), a key necessity is being able to make accurate predictions about how current choices will affect the animal's future QoL. However, in the procession of any individual's life, many factors that influence...