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  1. Review of the risks of some canine zoonoses from free-roaming dogs in the post-disaster setting of Latin America

    Contributor(s):: Garde, E., Acosta-Jamett, G., Bronsvoort, B. M.

    In the absence of humane and sustainable control strategies for free-roaming dogs (FRD) and the lack of effective disaster preparedness planning in developing regions of the world, the occurrence of canine zoonoses is a potentially important yet unrecognized issue. The existence of large...

  2. Social learning in dog training: the effectiveness of the Do as I do method compared to shaping/clicker training

    Contributor(s):: Fugazza, C., Miklosi, A.

    Dog training methods traditionally rely on individual learning (mainly operant conditioning). Yet dogs are adept in acquiring information socially and are able to imitate humans. Dogs' predisposition to learn socially has been recently introduced in dog training with the Do as I do method. With...

  3. Factors influencing stereotypic behaviours of animals rescued from Asian animal markets: a slow loris case study

    Contributor(s):: Moore, R. S., Cabana, F., Nekaris, K. A. I.

    Illegal wildlife trade has devastating effects on wild populations in Southeast Asia, made evident from the rising numbers of threatened species found in rescue centres. The prevalence of slow lorises ( Nycticebus spp.) in trade allows for the first time, a study of the response of wild-caught...

  4. How to run a puppy party: social saviour or social demon?

    Contributor(s):: Hargrave, C.

    A previous article (Hargrave 2013) discussed some of the predisposing factors that may make it difficult for a puppy's emotional and behavioural repertoire to develop as their owner may expect, potentially leading to puppies failing to cope in the domestic environment and developing compensating,...

  5. A cross-cultural comparison of reports by German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America

    Contributor(s):: Wan, M., Kubinyi, E., Miklosi, A., Champagne, F.

    Cross-cultural comparisons of dog behavior and dog-keeping practices are limited. The current study compared the questionnaire responses of German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America (USA). Owners provided information about their dog-keeping practices, as well as reports...

  6. All a mother's fault? Transmission of stereotypy in striped mice Rhabdomys

    Contributor(s):: Jones, M., Lierop, M. van, Pillay, N.

    Environmentally induced stereotypy is the most common abnormal behaviour in captive animals. However, not all animals housed in identically impoverished environments develop stereotypy, possibly because of differences in genetic predisposition. To investigate the transmission of stereotypy in...

  7. Effect modification by familial predisposition when analyzing the influence of breastfeeding and pet keeping on the development of allergic diseases in children

    Contributor(s):: Pohlabeln, H.

    Introduction: In epidemiological studies an effect modification occurs if a statistical association between an exposure and an outcome differs depending on the levels of a third variable, which is not a deficiency of the study. However, if an effect modification is not accounted for in the...

  8. Lamb mortality due to inadequate care of twins by Merino ewes

    Contributor(s):: Stevens, D., Alexander, G., Lynch, J. J.

    One hundred and three fine-woolled Merino ewes and their twin lambs in four 12-hectare paddocks, carrying 12.5 sheep per ha, were observed during daylight for 2-4 days immediately following parturition. Fifty-one ewes became permanently separated from one twin due to the ewe moving and leaving...

  9. Classification of behaviour problems in dogs: distributions of age, breed, sex and reproductive status

    Contributor(s):: Wright, J. C., Nesselrote, M. S.

    170 behaviour problems were observed in 105 dogs referred for behaviour-problem management by practicing veterinarians. 90% of the observed behaviour problems were classified within three major categories: aggression; stimulus reactivity; separation-related. Aggression and stimulus reactivity...

  10. How does social behaviour of dairy cows affect the occurrence of lameness?

    Contributor(s):: Galindo, F., Broom, D. M.

  11. The effect of feed restriction on belly nosing behaviour in weaned piglets. (Special Issue: Early Weaning.)

    Contributor(s):: Bruni, A., Quinton, V. M., Widowski, T. M.

    Belly nosing is an abnormal behaviour pattern most commonly seen in early-weaned piglets. Because belly nosing resembles massaging the sow's udder, it has been suggested that the behaviour is redirected suckling and may be associated with hunger or feeding motivation. The objective of this study...

  12. Biophilia in animal-assisted interventions - fad or fact?

    Contributor(s):: Joye, Y.

    Biophilia is commonly defined as the inborn predisposition to affiliate with, or to attend to, natural or natural-like elements and processes. In this paper, I explore whether there is sufficient reason to conclude that the therapeutic or ameliorative effects of animal-assisted interventions...

  13. Vampires are still alive: Slovakian students' attitudes toward bats

    Contributor(s):: Prokop, P., Fancovicova, J., Kubiatko, M.

    Animals that pose a threat of disease are often in conflict with human appreciation of them, despite that they may be endangered in nature. This study examined undergraduate students' knowledge of, attitudes toward, and belief in myths about, bats, controversial animals well known both from...

  14. The effect of cubicle and straw yard housing of the behaviour, production and hoof health of dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Schofield, S. A.

    In a study of 40 spring-calving dairy cows housed in a deep straw yard or a cubicle house from November to April cows in straw yards spent longer lying down and feeding, except during oestrus when they increased their time spent standing proportionately more than cows in cubicles. In the straw...

  15. Does exposure to dogs and cats in the first year of life influence the development of allergic sensitization?

    Contributor(s):: Ownby, D. R., Johnson, C. C.

    Purpose of review: The goal of the review is to place studies published after 1 June 2002, concerning the relationship between early life exposure to cats and dogs and the later development of allergy, within the context of the effects of other environmental exposures on allergic disease. Recent...