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  1. US Residents’ Perceptions of Dog Welfare Needs and Canine Welfare Information Sources

    Contributor(s):: Bir, Courtney, Croney, Candace C., Widmar, Nicole J. Olynk

    The extent to which welfare needs of breeding dogs are met in commercial dog-breeding kennels is a potential point of controversy. This analysis sought to understand US residents’ perceptions and priorities related to dog welfare : by investigating (a) perceptions of breeding-dog welfare needs...

  2. Designing Better Water Troughs: Does Trough Color Influence Dairy Cows’ Preference?

    Contributor(s):: Teixeira, Dayane Lemos, Hötzel, Maria José, Filho, Luiz Carlos Pinheiro Machado, Cazale, José Daniel, Enríquez-Hidalgo, Daniel

    Eighteen lactating dairy cows were used to elucidate their preference for green, grey, or red troughs. The herd was managed under a rotational grazing system with ad-libitum access to water until 11:30 h. For 9 days, all cows were tested individually following the afternoon milking. Cows drank...

  3. Preference of beef cattle for feedlot or pasture environments

    Contributor(s):: Lee, Caroline, Fisher, Andrew D., Colditz, Ian G., Lea, Jim M., Ferguson, Drewe M.

    Intensive feedlot finishing is perceived to affect welfare because cattle cannot perform normal behaviours evident in pasture environments. The objective of this study was to determine cattle preference for spending time at pasture (5ha) or in a feedlot (25×10m) under pastures with differing feed...

  4. The preference of 0+ and 2+ gilthead seabream Sparus aurata for coloured substrates or no-substrate

    Contributor(s):: Batzina, Alkisti, Sotirakoglou, Kyriaki, Karakatsouli, Nafsika

    A major component of animal welfare is to provide for the behavioural and psychological needs of captive animals. A means to estimate these needs is preference tests. However, what an animal chooses may not prove to be beneficial for its long-term health and welfare. The long-term effect (for...

  5. Does the presence of a human affect the preference of enrichment items in young, isolated pigs?

    Contributor(s):: DeBoer, Shelly P., Garner, Joseph P., Lay, Donald C., Eicher, Susan D., Lucas, Jeffrey R., Marchant-Forde, Jeremy N.

    Pigs may be housed individually in both production and research settings. Gregarious by nature, pigs kept in isolation may show behavioural and physiological signs of stress. In this study we investigated the preference of individually housed pigs, for social and non-social enrichments. Three...

  6. Does nest size matter to laying hens?

    Contributor(s):: Ringgenberg, Nadine, Fröhlich, Ernst K. F., Harlander-Matauschek, Alexandra, Würbel, Hanno, Roth, Beatrice A.

    Laying hens in loose housing systems have access to group-nests which provide space for several hens at a time to lay their eggs. They are thus rather large and the trend in the industry is to further increase the size of these nests. Though practicality is important for the producer, group-nests...

  7. Do hens have friends?

    Contributor(s):: Abeyesinghe, Siobhan M., Drewe, Julian A., Asher, Lucy, Wathes, Christopher M., Collins, Lisa M.

    Recent interest in positive welfare has encouraged consideration of the formation of socio-positive relationships in farmed species which may provide a means by which to manage positive states. We investigated in detail the existence of dyadic preferential associations in small groups of domestic...

  8. Differential preference for ultraviolet light among captive birds from three ecological habitats

    Contributor(s):: Ross, Megan R., Gillespie, Katie L., Hopper, Lydia M., Bloomsmith, Mollie A., Maple, Terry L.

    With receptors for red, blue, green, and ultraviolet-A light, birds have tetrachromatic vision. For birds, ultraviolet (UV) light is important for a number of their behaviors, including mate selection, foraging, and nesting. Many captive birds, however, are housed indoors without access to...

  9. Changes in position and quality of preferred nest box: Effects on nest box use by laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Riber, Anja B., Nielsen, Birte L.

    Using laying hens, we investigated whether position of a nest box, both within the pen and relative to other nest boxes, influenced the preference for a nest box, and how a sudden and marked change to the preferred box influenced the use of nest boxes by the hens. Groups (n=12) of 15 Isa Warren...

  10. Are special feed and being brushed judged as positive by calves?

    Contributor(s):: Westerath, H. Schulze, Gygax, L., Hillmann, E.

    In studies concerning animal welfare, especially on methods to enhance positive welfare, different stimuli are used to create positive situations or “rewards”. A positive judgement by the animals, however, cannot be assumed a priori. The aim of this study was to determine by means of preference...

  11. Preferences for overhead sprinklers by naïve beef steers: Test of two nozzle types

    Contributor(s):: Parola, Fabia, Hillmann, Edna, Schütz, Karin E., Tucker, Cassandra B.

    Sprinklers effectively reduce heat load in cattle. In some studies, however, cattle readily use sprinklers, while others find that they either avoid or show no preference for it. These studies differ in many ways including previous experience of the animals and the amount of water delivered. Our...

  12. Preference of dairy cows: Indoor cubicle housing with access to a total mixed ration vs. access to pasture

    Contributor(s):: Charlton, Gemma L., Rutter, Steven Mark, East, Martyn, Sinclair, Liam A.

    Cattle are grazing animals so it is generally assumed that pasture is a welfare friendly system as it is natural and allows the expression of normal behaviour, which may be restricted indoors. However, high yielding dairy cows may not be able to fulfil their nutritional demands from grass alone...

  13. The level of social contact affects social behaviour in pre-weaned dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Duve, Linda Rosager, Jensen, Margit Bak

    The present study investigated the effects of the level of social contact in the home environment on the social preference, bonding and social behaviour of pre-weaned dairy calves. Twenty-seven pairs of calves were reared from birth until 6 weeks either individually (with limited social contact...

  14. Flavour preference acquired via a beverage-induced conditioning and its transposition to solid food: Sucrose but not maltodextrin or saccharin induced significant flavour preferences in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Clouard, Caroline, Chataignier, Mathieu, Meunier-Salaün, Marie-Christine, Val-Laillet, David

    When exposed to novel food during food transitions, growing pigs often elicit a neophobic response that is responsible for decreased food consumption. Flavour preference conditioning may represent an interesting way to reduce neophobia and improve food intake in growing pigs. The present series...

  15. Effect of water depth on pool choice and bathing behaviour in commercial Pekin ducks

    Contributor(s):: Liste, Guiomar, Kirkden, Richard D., Broom, Donald Maurice

    Pekin ducks (Anas platyrhynchos domestica) are raised for meat, often in indoor intensive systems. Research into the welfare of intensively reared ducks makes clear the importance of access to bathing water. Most researchers agree that bathing behaviours such as preening are important; however,...

  16. Effect of heterogeneity of nest boxes on occurrence of gregarious nesting in laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Clausen, Tina, Riber, Anja Brinch

    Gregarious nesting, where hens select already occupied nest boxes even when other nest boxes are unoccupied, is an unwanted behaviour in laying hens that may reduce animal welfare and pose a financial cost to the producer. It has been suggested that gregarious nesting is caused by the...

  17. Design and methodology of choice feeding experiments with ruminant livestock

    Contributor(s):: Meier, Janina Sarah, Kreuzer, Michael, Marquardt, Svenja

    The purpose of this review is to describe design and methodology of choice feeding experiments applied in ruminant livestock by taking into account their potential for different purposes and animal-, feed-, and set-up specific aspects. The first choice feeding experiments took place around 1900...

  18. Assessment of colony nests for laying hens in conjunction with the authorization procedure

    Contributor(s):: Buchwalder, Theres, Fröhlich, Ernst Karl

    Pretesting farm animal housing systems that are intended for mass production is a practical way to increase and ensure product quality of livestock systems. The Swiss authorization procedure requires new systems and equipment for farm animals to show improvement with regard to animal welfare. For...

  19. The effect of weather conditions on the preference in horses for wearing blankets

    Contributor(s):: Mejdell, Cecilie M., Jørgensen, Grete H. M., Buvik, Turid, Torp, Torfinn, Bøe, Knut E.

    The use of blankets in horses is widespread in Northern Europe. However, horses are very adaptable to low temperatures and the practice is questioned because blankets may hamper heat dissipation at high temperatures and also disturb free movement. The aim of the current study was to gain...

  20. The interplay between exposure and preference for unpalatable foods by lambs

    Contributor(s):: Villalba, Juan, Spackman, Casey, Lobón, Sandra

    Herbivores satiate on single foods ingested too frequently or in excess. We hypothesized that exposure to the same unpalatable food too frequently or in excess causes satiety, which in turn would reduce subsequent use and preference for this food when alternatives become available. In each of...