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  1. Dog ownership in infancy is protective for persistent wheeze in 17q21 asthma-risk carriers

    Contributor(s):: Tutino, Mauro, Granell, Raquel, Curtin, John A., Haider, Sadia, Fontanella, Sara, Murray, Clare S., Roberts, Graham, Arshad, S. Hasan, Turner, Stephen, Morris, Andrew P., Custovic, Adnan, Simpson, Angela

  2. Ultrasonographic examination of equine fetal growth parameters throughout gestation in pony for Equine-Assisted Therapy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gao, Y., Hannan, M. A., Murata, K., Rajabi-Toustani, R., Nambo, Y.

    Equine-Assisted Therapy (EAT) is gaining popularity. Ultrasound examination is used to decrease the abortion rate in horses. In this study, to monitor fetal well-being throughout the gestation for EAT, we measured fetal heart rate (FHR), fetal eye orbit (FEO), fetal gonad length (FGL), fetal...

  3. High fiber diet reduces stereotypic behavior of gilts but does not affect offspring performance

    | Contributor(s):: Bernardino, Thiago, Tatemoto, Patricia, de Moraes, José Evandro, Morrone, Beatrice, Zanella, Adroaldo José

    Pregnant sows are often subjected to food restriction, which can compromise their welfare and performance, as well as the performance of their offspring. High fiber diets (HFD) can mitigate the feeling of hunger and, consequently, improve welfare and performance. The aim of this study was to...

  4. Lying behaviour of housed and outdoor-managed pregnant sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Williams, Manod, Davis, Chelsea N., Jones, Dewi Llyr, Davies, Emma S., Vasina, Penelope, Cutress, David, Rose, Michael T., Jones, Rhys Aled, Williams, Hefin Wyn

  5. Impact of maternal stress and nutrition on behavioural and physiological outcomes in young lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Rooke, J. A., Arnott, G., Dwyer, C. M., Rutherford, K. M. D.

  6. Association between Pet Ownership and Obesity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Miyake, K., Kito, K., Kotemori, A., Sasaki, K., Yamamoto, J., Otagiri, Y., Nagasawa, M., Kuze-Arata, S., Mogi, K., Kikusui, T., Ishihara, J.

    Obesity is a major risk factor for lifestyle-related diseases, including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension. Several studies have investigated the association between pet ownership and obesity, but the findings have been inconsistent. This systematic literature review and...

  7. Animals and SEX EDUCATION

    | Contributor(s):: Erasmo de Oliveira

    Animals and SEX EDUCATIONYou really want to have grandchildren and play grandpa, don't you? But not at thirty-five. What human didactics can help you, your family and the whole society?Sex. Everyone does it, everyone talks about it. It serves as a sales pitch for any type of product....

  8. Social interactions, cortisol and reproductive success of domestic goats (Capra hircus) subjected to different animal densities during pregnancy

    | Contributor(s):: Vas, Judit, Chojnacki, Rachel, Kjøren, Marte Flor, Lyngwa, Charlotte, Andersen, Inger Lise

    Although goats in many countries are kept indoors in the winter season, during gestation and kidding, recommendations and regulations regarding available space per goat are highly variable. The effects of different housing conditions on the welfare and behaviour are understudied in this species....

  9. Improved acceptance of Chromonaela odorata by goat kids after weaning is triggered by in utero exposure but not consumption of milk

    | Contributor(s):: Hai, Phan Vu, Schonewille, Jan Thomas, Van Tien, Dam, Everts, Henk, Hendriks, Wouter Hendrikus

    The aim of the current study was to determine whether the improved post-weaning intake of Chromonaela odorata by goat kids is related to either the in utero period of the goat kids or the subsequent suckling period. It was hypothesized that kids born to dams fed C. odorata during pregnancy and...

  10. Improved acceptance of Chromonaela odorata by goat kids after weaning is caused by in utero exposure during late but not early pregnancy

    | Contributor(s):: Hai, Phan Vu, Schonewille, Jan Thomas, Van Tien, Dam, Everts, Henk, Hendriks, Wouter Hendrikus

    The aim of the current experiment was to study the effect of the phase of pregnancy on in utero learning of Chromonaela odorata by the goat kids by comparing mid pregnancy (day 50–99, MP) with late pregnancy (day 100–145, LP). It was hypothesized that kids born to dams fed C. odorata during late...

  11. The behaviour of gestating dairy ewes under different space allowances

    | Contributor(s):: Averós, Xavier, Lorea, Areta, de Heredia, Ignacia Beltrán, Ruiz, Roberto, Marchewka, Joanna, Arranz, Josune, Estevez, Inma

    Provision of adequate housing is essential to assure the welfare of farm animals. One relevant aspect is space allowance, due to potential consequences on the behaviour and welfare of animals. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of space allowance on the behaviour and...

  12. Personality is associated with feeding behavior and performance in dairy calves

    | Contributor(s):: Neave, H. W., Costa, J. H. C., Weary, D. M., von Keyserlingk, M. A. G.

  13. Male-free environment prevents pregnancy disruption in domestic horse mares mated away of home

    | Contributor(s):: Bartoš, Luděk, Bartošová, Jitka, Pluháček, Jan

    In a previous study (Bartoš et al., 2011) we have reported on the effects of the male social environment on the maintenance or disruption of pregnancy in domestic mares mated away from home. In this follow-up study we compare the effects of returning to a home environment including a male...

  14. [Etiologies of cerebral palsy and classical treatment possibilities]

    | Contributor(s):: Maurer, U.

  15. Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

    Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...

  16. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  17. Pregnant Sheep in a Farm Environment Did Not Develop Anaemia

    | Contributor(s):: Gabrielle C. Musk, Amanda James, Matthew W. Kemp, Sara Ritchie, Andrew Ritchie, Michael Laurence

    The aim of this study was to document the haematological profile of pregnant ewes throughout gestation. Sheep were divided into three groups (n = 8 per group): non-pregnant, singleton, or twin pregnancy. Blood samples were collected every 14 days from day 55 of gestation for haemoglobin...

  18. Administering GonaCon super( TM) to white-tailed deer via hand-injection versus syringe-dart

    | Contributor(s):: Evans, Charles S., DeNicola, Anthony J., Eisemann, John D., Eckery, Douglas C., Warren, Robert J.

  19. Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

    | Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.

    This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...

  20. Hunger in pregnant sows: effects of a fibrous diet and free access to straw

    | Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B., Pedersen, L. J., Theil, P. K., Knudsen, K. E. B.

    Fibrous diets and the provision of straw have been suggested to reduce feeding motivation in pregnant sows. The present experiment investigated the separate and interactive effects of a fibrous diet and ad libitum access to straw on feeding motivation, oral behaviour and plasma levels of...