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  1. Social interactions, cortisol and reproductive success of domestic goats (Capra hircus) subjected to different animal densities during pregnancy

    Contributor(s):: Vas, Judit, Chojnacki, Rachel, Kjøren, Marte Flor, Lyngwa, Charlotte, Andersen, Inger Lise

    Although goats in many countries are kept indoors in the winter season, during gestation and kidding, recommendations and regulations regarding available space per goat are highly variable. The effects of different housing conditions on the welfare and behaviour are understudied in this species....

  2. Improved acceptance of Chromonaela odorata by goat kids after weaning is triggered by in utero exposure but not consumption of milk

    Contributor(s):: Hai, Phan Vu, Schonewille, Jan Thomas, Van Tien, Dam, Everts, Henk, Hendriks, Wouter Hendrikus

    The aim of the current study was to determine whether the improved post-weaning intake of Chromonaela odorata by goat kids is related to either the in utero period of the goat kids or the subsequent suckling period. It was hypothesized that kids born to dams fed C. odorata during pregnancy and...

  3. Improved acceptance of Chromonaela odorata by goat kids after weaning is caused by in utero exposure during late but not early pregnancy

    Contributor(s):: Hai, Phan Vu, Schonewille, Jan Thomas, Van Tien, Dam, Everts, Henk, Hendriks, Wouter Hendrikus

    The aim of the current experiment was to study the effect of the phase of pregnancy on in utero learning of Chromonaela odorata by the goat kids by comparing mid pregnancy (day 50–99, MP) with late pregnancy (day 100–145, LP). It was hypothesized that kids born to dams fed C. odorata during late...

  4. The behaviour of gestating dairy ewes under different space allowances

    Contributor(s):: Averós, Xavier, Lorea, Areta, de Heredia, Ignacia Beltrán, Ruiz, Roberto, Marchewka, Joanna, Arranz, Josune, Estevez, Inma

    Provision of adequate housing is essential to assure the welfare of farm animals. One relevant aspect is space allowance, due to potential consequences on the behaviour and welfare of animals. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of space allowance on the behaviour and...

  5. Feeding Chromonaela odorata during pregnancy to goat dams affects acceptance of this feedstuff by their offspring

    Contributor(s):: Hai, Phan Vu, Everts, Henk, Van Tien, Dam, Schonewille, J. Thomas, Hendriks, Wouter H.

    We investigated the effect of Chromonaela odorata ingestion by goat dams during pregnancy on intake of C. odorata by their kids. Alteration of prenatal feed preference may be used to increase feed intake of novel feeds and the transit from outdoor to indoor goat farming in Vietnam. Ten female...

  6. Personality is associated with feeding behavior and performance in dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Neave, H. W., Costa, J. H. C., Weary, D. M., von Keyserlingk, M. A. G.

  7. Male-free environment prevents pregnancy disruption in domestic horse mares mated away of home

    Contributor(s):: Bartoš, Luděk, Bartošová, Jitka, Pluháček, Jan

    In a previous study (Bartos et al., 2011) we have reported on the effects of the male social environment on the maintenance or disruption of pregnancy in domestic mares mated away from home. In this follow-up study we compare the effects of returning to a home environment including a male (or...

  8. [Etiologies of cerebral palsy and classical treatment possibilities]

    Contributor(s):: Maurer, U.

  9. Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

    Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...

  10. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  11. Pregnant Sheep in a Farm Environment Did Not Develop Anaemia

    | Contributor(s):: Gabrielle C. Musk, Amanda James, Matthew W. Kemp, Sara Ritchie, Andrew Ritchie, Michael Laurence

    The aim of this study was to document the haematological profile of pregnant ewes throughout gestation. Sheep were divided into three groups (n = 8 per group): non-pregnant, singleton, or twin pregnancy. Blood samples were collected every 14 days from day 55 of gestation for haemoglobin...

  12. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  13. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  14. Administering GonaCon super( TM) to white-tailed deer via hand-injection versus syringe-dart

    | Contributor(s):: Evans, Charles S., DeNicola, Anthony J., Eisemann, John D., Eckery, Douglas C., Warren, Robert J.

  15. Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

    | Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.

    This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...

  16. Hunger in pregnant sows: effects of a fibrous diet and free access to straw

    | Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B., Pedersen, L. J., Theil, P. K., Knudsen, K. E. B.

    Fibrous diets and the provision of straw have been suggested to reduce feeding motivation in pregnant sows. The present experiment investigated the separate and interactive effects of a fibrous diet and ad libitum access to straw on feeding motivation, oral behaviour and plasma levels of...

  17. Mother-young behaviours at lambing in grazing ewes: effects of lamb sex and food restriction in pregnancy

    | Contributor(s):: Freitas-De-Melo, A., Ungerfeld, R., Hotzel, M. J., Abud, M. J., Alvarez-Oxiley, A., Orihuela, A., Damian, J. P., Perez-Clariget, R.

    This study investigated whether the level of pasture allowance from before conception until late pregnancy affects ewe-lamb behaviours at birth, and if those behaviours differ according to the sex of the lambs. We performed two experiments, in which 96 ewes were assigned to one of two nutritional...

  18. Pregnant cattle associations and links to maternal reciprocity

    | Contributor(s):: Swain, D. L., Patison, K. P., Heath, B. M., Bishop-Hurley, G. J., Finger, A.

    Cattle are a highly gregarious species that form strong social connections. Social support following calving serves to increase offspring survival and conception rates for the following breeding season. It has been shown that cattle change their association preferences following calving, but the...

  19. Solving the Pet Overpopulation Problem

    | Contributor(s):: The Humane Society Of The United States

    Because of the short pregnancies and large litters of dogs and cats, one individual female with all her female offspring reproducing similarly can be the source of over 4,000 new lives within seven years. Some of these animals will find homes complete with laps to sit on and fireplaces to enjoy,...

  20. Animal-assisted therapy for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder

    | Contributor(s):: Vincent, Brooke, Kropp, Caley, Byrne, Andrew M.