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  1. Association of antimicrobial resistance and gut microbiota composition in human and non-human primates at an urban ecotourism site

    Contributor(s):: Chong, C. W., Alkatheeri, A. H. S., Ali, N., Tay, Z. H., Lee, Y. L., Paramasivam, S. J., Jeevaratnam, K., Low, W. Y., Lim, S. H. E.

  2. High rates of aggression do not predict rates of trauma in captive groups of macaques

    Contributor(s):: Beisner, Brianne A., Wooddell, Lauren J., Hannibal, Darcy L., Nathman, Amy, McCowan, Brenda

    Socially inflicted traumas are a major concern for the management of captive groups of rhesus macaques. Rhesus macaques are the most commonly used nonhuman primate in biomedical research, and social housing is optimal for promoting psychological well-being. However, trauma is frequent due to a...

  3. Visitor effects on zoo-housed Sulawesi crested macaque (Macaca nigra) behaviour: Can signs with ‘watching eyes’ requesting quietness help?

    Contributor(s):: Dancer, Alice M. M., Burn, Charlotte C.

    Visiting public can cause changes in the behaviour of zoo-housed primates. These effects, if indicative of stress, can be of welfare concern. However, few options to mitigate visitor effects through modulating visitor behaviour have been explored. Here we evaluated the effects of visitor number...

  4. A protocol for training group-housed rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) to cooperate with husbandry and research procedures using positive reinforcement

    Contributor(s):: Kemp, Caralyn, Thatcher, Harriet, Farningham, David, Witham, Claire, MacLarnon, Ann, Holmes, Amanda, Semple, Stuart, Bethell, Emily J.

    There has been increased recognition of the 3Rs in laboratory animal management over the last decade, including improvements in animal handling and housing. For example, positive reinforcement is now more widely used to encourage primates to cooperate with husbandry procedures, and improved...

  5. Happiness is positive welfare in brown capuchins (Sapajus apella)

    Contributor(s):: Robinson, Lauren M., Waran, Natalie K., Leach, Matthew C., Morton, F. Blake, Paukner, Annika, Lonsdorf, Elizabeth, Handel, Ian, Wilson, Vanessa A. D., Brosnan, Sarah F., Weiss, Alexander

    Questionnaires that allow people who are familiar with individual animals to rate the welfare of these animals are an underutilised tool. We designed a 12-item welfare questionnaire and tested its reliability and associations with subjective well-being (SWB), locomotor stereotypy, and personality...

  6. Training success in group-housed long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) is better explained by personality than by social rank

    Contributor(s):: Wergård, Eva-Marie, Westlund, Karolina, Spångberg, Mats, Fredlund, Helene, Forkman, Björn

    Using training to prepare laboratory animals for biomedical research is one important behavior management task. With increased knowledge about factors influencing training success, training programs may be optimized, resulting in a refinement of primate husbandry. Even when animals are trained...

  7. Female social behaviour during three male introductions in captive groups of rhesus macaques

    Contributor(s):: Rox, Astrid, de Vries, Han, Louwerse, Annet L., Sterck, Elisabeth H. M.

    Introductions of new males into captive primate groups are often necessary to prevent inbreeding, but also bear high social risks. To minimize these risks, it is crucial to understand the social behaviour accompanying male introductions. While the behaviour of new males is generally understood,...

  8. Hormonal correlates of behavioural profiles and coping strategies in captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus)

    Contributor(s):: Ferreira, Vitor Hugo Bessa, Silva, Carolina Pereira Cadório Da, Fonseca, Elanne De Paiva, Chagas, Ana Cecilia Correia Santos Das, Pinheiro, Luiz Guilherme Mesquita, Almeida, Raissa Nobrega De, Sousa, Maria Bernardete Cordeiro de, Silva, Hélderes Peregrino Alves Da, Galvão-Coelho, Nicole Leite, Ferreira, Renata Gonçalves

    In this study, we tested the hypothesis that individual differences in behavioural profiles correlate to differences in stress-related behaviours and hormonal levels in captive brown capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus). Based on a sample of 25 animals, 143 h of behavioural data collection and...

  9. Rabies in Nonhuman Primates and Potential for Transmission to Humans: A Literature Review and Examination of Selected French National Data

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Philippe Gautret, Jesse Blanton, Laurent Dacheux, Florence Ribadeau-Dumas, Philippe Brouqui, Philippe Parola, Douglas H. Esposito, Hervé Bourhy

    Background: The nonhuman primate (NHP)-related injuries in rabies-enzootic countries is a public health problem of increasing importance. The aims of this work are to collect data concerning rabies transmission from NHPs to humans; to collate medical practices regarding rabies postexposure...

  10. Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States

    | Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander

    The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...

  11. Virtue, Vice, and "Voracious" Science: How should we approach the ethics of primate research?

    | Contributor(s):: Walker, R. L.

  12. Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

    Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...

  13. Dog as a typical predator which communicates with manPies jako typowy drapieznik komunikujacy sie z czlowiekiem

    | Contributor(s):: Kamieniak, J., Mazurkiewicz, T., Tietze, M.

    This article aims at the presentation of a complex process of making ties between the dog and the man, that started from the domestication of a dog and was followed by the thousands years of co-evolution. Here, we were discussing the process of forming relationships between the dog and the man up...

  14. Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior

    | Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.

    Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...

  15. Communicating with pet owners about obesity: roles of the veterinary health care team

    | Contributor(s):: Churchill, J., Ward, E.

    Obesity continues to be the most prevalent nutritional problem of dogs and cats as well as one of the most frustrating conditions to treat successfully. Educating and assigning roles to all members of the health care team will improve staff engagement and the consistency and effectiveness of...

  16. Post-communist canine: a feminist approach to women and dogs in canine performance sports in Poland

    | Contributor(s):: Wlodarczyk, J.

    The article attempts to present the complexity of relationships between women, capitalism, democracy, and competitive dog training in post-communist Poland. The article documents the correlation between increased involvement of women in competitive canine sports in Poland after 1989, changes in...

  17. Assessing the dog: a theoretical analysis of the companion animal's actions in human-animal interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Vitztum, C., Urbanik, J.

    Companion animals are proposed as valuable assets in human-animal interaction (HAI) for human-health interventions. The benefit of a HAI is presumably based on the interaction between the two species. Although the actions and reactions of the human are routinely evaluated, nominal consideration...

  18. Taking it out on the dog: psychological and behavioral correlates of animal abuse proclivity

    | Contributor(s):: Parfitt, C., Alleyne, E.

    There is a lack of research examining the criminogenic factors related to animal abuse perpetrated by adults, despite the high prevalence of this type of offending. A correlational study examining the factors related to two types of animal abuse proclivity was used. We found that childhood animal...

  19. Caregiver/orangutan relationships at Auckland Zoo: empathy, friendship, and ethics between species

    | Contributor(s):: Palmer, A., Malone, N., Park, J.

    Drawing on ethnographic, ethological, and historical data, we examined the relationships between orangutans and caregivers at Auckland Zoo. Caregivers displayed high levels of empathy and adjusted their husbandry routines to their interpretations of the orangutans' moods. Caregivers experienced...

  20. Human-animal studies, G.H. Mead, and the question of animal minds

    | Contributor(s):: Gallagher, T. J.

    In the field of human-animal studies (HAS), also known as anthrozoology, the question of nonhuman animal minds is central. During the first three decades of the 20th century, the social psychological G.H. Mead was among the first to take an explicitly contemporary approach to the question of mind...