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  1. Face processing of animal and human static stimuli by children with autism spectrum disorder: a pilot study

    Contributor(s):: Grandgeorge, M., Degrez, C., Alavi, Z., Lemonnier, E.

    Animals are part of humans' social environment and present numerous benefits. Each partner in a human-animal interaction uses signals emitted by the other (e.g. postures, gestures or gaze directions) to collect information to adjust their behaviour. Face processing impairment is associated with...

  2. Runne-Beana: dog herds ethnographer

    Contributor(s):: Anderson, M.

    Saami society in Lapland (now often called Saapmi), particularly the seasonally-nomadic reindeer-breeding sector, is predicated upon mobility and autonomy of its actors. Runne-Beana, a talented reindeer-herding dog, exhibited both mobility and autonomy when allocating to himself a peripatetic...

  3. My dog does understand me

    Contributor(s):: Bonner, J.

  4. The development of a canine para-agility program: positive affects in children with autism and in therapy dogs

    Contributor(s):: Pop, D., Rusu, A. S., Miresan, V.

    Previous research has demonstrated that both children and dogs might benefit from Animal-Assisted Activities (AAA), with some factors mediating/moderating the results. The present study took these factors into consideration, by creating an AAA program consisting of two types of human-animal...

  5. Dogs recognize dog and human emotions

    Contributor(s):: Albuquerque, N., Guo, Kun, Wilkinson, A., Savalli, C., Otta, E., Mills, D.

    The perception of emotional expressions allows animals to evaluate the social intentions and motivations of each other. This usually takes place within species; however, in the case of domestic dogs, it might be advantageous to recognize the emotions of humans as well as other dogs. In this...

  6. Exploring the existence and potential underpinnings of dog-human and horse-human attachment bonds

    Contributor(s):: Payne, E., Dearaugo, J., Bennett, P., McGreevy, P.

    This article reviews evidence for the existence of attachment bonds directed toward humans in dog-human and horse-human dyads. It explores each species' alignment with the four features of a typical attachment bond: separation-related distress, safe haven, secure base and proximity seeking. While...

  7. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  8. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    | Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  9. Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat

    | Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.

    Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...

  10. Evaluating the efficacy of equine therapy among at-risk youth: a meta-analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Wilkie, K. D., Germain, S., Theule, J.

    The present meta-analysis examined the efficacy of equine therapy among an at-risk youth population. Seven studies quantitatively assessed the treatment effects following involvement in an equine therapy program. The random effects model was used to aggregate each study into an overall effect...

  11. The impact of therapeutic riding for people with disabilities on variables related to mental health

    | Contributor(s):: Schneider, M. S., Harley, L. P.

    Substantial anecdotal evidence and some research indicate that therapeutic riding for people with disabilities has a positive impact on mental health. There is similar evidence showing that equine programs that include a psychotherapeutic component also have a positive impact. However, much of...

  12. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    | Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...

  13. Do all dogs go to heaven? Investigating the association between demographic characteristics and beliefs about animal afterlife

    | Contributor(s):: Royal, K. D., Kedrowicz, A. A., Snyder, A. M.

    The purpose of this research was to explore American's beliefs about animal afterlife based on key demographic factors such as sex, race/ethnicity, age, geographic region, religion/faith, and pet ownership. We attained a large and diverse sample of respondents (n=800) using Amazon's Mechanical...

  14. Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris) in central India

    | Contributor(s):: Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef

    To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...

  15. Judging a dog by its cover: morphology but not training influences visitor behavior toward kenneled dogs at animal shelters

    | Contributor(s):: Protopopova, A., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Currently, visitor behavior in companion animal shelters is not adequately explored. A sequence of experiments investigated how visitors interacted with kenneled dogs at an animal shelter and whether training dogs to not engage in undesirable behavior in their kennels would evoke more interest...

  16. Exploring children's perspectives on the welfare needs of pet animals

    | Contributor(s):: Muldoon, J. C., Williams, J. M., Lawrence, A.

    Children are increasingly viewed as important recipients of educational interventions to improve animal welfare, yet research examining their perspectives is lacking, particularly within the UK. Helping children to care appropriately for animals depends, not least, on an ability to understand the...

  17. Characterizing the data in online companion-dog obituaries to assess their usefulness as a source of information about human-animal bonds

    | Contributor(s):: MacKay, J. R. D., Moore, J., Huntingford, F.

    Online pet obituary sites host hundreds of obituaries regarding the passing of companion animals. Often composed by the owner or primary caretaker of the animal, they are a potential source of data about human-animal bonds where there were strong positive human emotions surrounding the animal at...

  18. Animal ethics profiling of vegetarians, vegans and meat-eaters

    | Contributor(s):: Lund, T. B., McKeegan, D. E. F., Cribbin, C., Sandoe, P.

    The aims of this study were to identify the animal ethical profile of vegetarians, vegans, and meat-eaters. Using questionnaire data collected in 2013 (n=356), we measured propensity to subscribe to five different positions within animal ethics based on a novel measure of animal ethical stance...

  19. Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature

    | Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.

    This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...

  20. Social dominance and legitimizing myths about animal use

    | Contributor(s):: Jackson, L. M., Gibbings, A.

    The present study tested the hypothesis that the relation between social dominance orientation and the endorsement of legitimizing myths about the human use of nonhuman animals is moderated by the salience of that use. Eighty-two student participants read an article about agriculture that focused...