Does group size have an impact on welfare indicators in fattening pigs?
Contributor(s):: Meyer-Hamme, S. E. K., Lambertz, C., Gauly, M.
Production systems for fattening pigs have been characterized over the last 2 decades by rising farm sizes coupled with increasing group sizes. These developments resulted in a serious public discussion regarding animal welfare and health in these intensive production systems. Even though large...
The Receding Animal: Theorizing Anxiety and Attachment in Psychoanalysis from Freud to Imre Hermann
Contributor(s):: Marinelli, L., Mayer, A.
The effect of zoo visitors on the behaviour and welfare of zoo mammals
Contributor(s):: Alexandra Farrand
There is evidence that the presence of the visiting public affects the behaviour of zoo-housed mammals. Understanding the effect of visitors is important in improving animal welfare, achieving zoo conservation goals, increasing visitor education/entertainment, and facilitating interpretation of...
Influência da visitação no comportamento de macacos-prego (Cebus apella) em zoológicos
Contributor(s):: Glaucia Cristiana Wunderlich Farias
O bem-estar dos animais mantidos em zoológicos pode ser afetado por aspectos de ordem estrutural, ambiental e pelos tipos de relações que os mesmos desenvolvem com os visitantes. Os macacos-prego (Cebus apella) encontram-se, atualmente, em número significativo em...
Improving the welfare of a zoo-housed male drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus poensis) aggressive towards visitors
Contributor(s):: O. Martín, Dolors Vinyoles Cartanyà, E. García-Galea, C. Maté
Improving captive animal welfare and maintaining its behavioral competence for future conservation purposes is of highest priority for zoos. The behavior of an aggressive male drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus poensis) was assessed in Barcelona zoo. The two-year study presented in this article...
La visite au zoo et l'apprentissage de la distinction humaine
Contributor(s):: Véronique Servais
Le parc zoologique peut être considéré comme un dispositif culturel qui structure les relations entre des êtres humains et des animaux captifs. Dans l’étude présentée ici, nous avons cherché à savoir quels sont les modèles...
Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.
The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...
International Society for Anthrozoology (ISAZ) 2016. Exploring human-animal interactions: a multidisciplinary approach from behavioral and social sciences, Barcelona, Spain, 7-10 July 2016. Proceedings
This work contains abstracts of 61 conference papers on the regulatory, behavioural and welfare aspects of human-animal interactions.
Contributor(s):: Hall, S., Dolling, L., Bristow, K., Fuller, T., Mills, D.
This chapter introduces the report, which describes the animal and human health costs and benefits impact of pets in the UK.
Service dogs in the hospital: helpful or harmful? A case report and clinical recommendations
Contributor(s):: Pellegrino, L. D., Cerimele, J. M., Dubovsky, A. N.
Exploring the existence and potential underpinnings of dog-human and horse-human attachment bonds
Contributor(s):: Payne, E., Dearaugo, J., Bennett, P., McGreevy, P.
This article reviews evidence for the existence of attachment bonds directed toward humans in dog-human and horse-human dyads. It explores each species' alignment with the four features of a typical attachment bond: separation-related distress, safe haven, secure base and proximity seeking. While...
Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat
Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.
Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...
The impact of therapeutic riding for people with disabilities on variables related to mental health
Contributor(s):: Schneider, M. S., Harley, L. P.
Substantial anecdotal evidence and some research indicate that therapeutic riding for people with disabilities has a positive impact on mental health. There is similar evidence showing that equine programs that include a psychotherapeutic component also have a positive impact. However, much of...
Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species
Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...
Animal ethics profiling of vegetarians, vegans and meat-eaters
Contributor(s):: Lund, T. B., McKeegan, D. E. F., Cribbin, C., Sandoe, P.
The aims of this study were to identify the animal ethical profile of vegetarians, vegans, and meat-eaters. Using questionnaire data collected in 2013 (n=356), we measured propensity to subscribe to five different positions within animal ethics based on a novel measure of animal ethical stance...
Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature
Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.
This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...
Social dominance and legitimizing myths about animal use
Contributor(s):: Jackson, L. M., Gibbings, A.
The present study tested the hypothesis that the relation between social dominance orientation and the endorsement of legitimizing myths about the human use of nonhuman animals is moderated by the salience of that use. Eighty-two student participants read an article about agriculture that focused...
Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States
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Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander
The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...
Behavioral and self-report measures influencing children's reported attachment to their dog
Contributor(s):: Hall, N. J., Liu, JingWen, Kertes, D., Wynne, C. D. L.
Despite the prevalence of dogs as family pets and increased scientific interest in canine behavior, few studies have investigated characteristics of the child or dog that influence the child-dog relationship. In the present study, we explored how behavioral and some self-report measures influence...
Animal humanness, animal use, and intention to become ethical vegetarian or ethical vegan
Contributor(s):: Diaz, E. M.
The present study used relational and predictive approaches to build on past literature examining humanlike animal attributes. From the relational approach, it examined how five humanlike attributes ascribed to animals (Attributes Questionnaire) relate to one another and to attitudes toward 21...