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  1. Acceptability of animal-assisted therapy: attitudes toward AAT, psychotherapy, and medication for the treatment of child disruptive behavioral problems

    Contributor(s):: Rabbitt, S. M., Kazdin, A. E., Hong, J.

    Animal-assisted therapies (AATs) are not widely promoted in routine mental healthcare but represent a viable treatment option given positive perceptions of pets and growing evidence that animals provide meaningful contribution to psychological wellbeing. Relatively little is known about the...

  2. Acoustic signals of a dog and cat induce hemodynamic responses within the human brain

    Contributor(s):: Miyaji, K., Kobayashi, A., Maruko, T., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the response of the human frontal cortex when listening to cat meows and dog barks, accompanied with a non-verbal pictorial using an affective rating system that assesses the dimensions of valence and arousal. Each participant (24 students; 12 females...

  3. Addressing nonhuman primate behavioral problems through the application of operant conditioning: is the human treatment approach a useful model? (Special Issue: Conservation, enrichment and animal behavior.)

    Contributor(s):: Bloomsmith, M. A., Marr, M. J., Maple, T. L.

    Training by the systematic application of operant conditioning has been widely applied in the care, management, exhibition, and study of nonhuman primates and many other species, but is less often used to control problematic animal behavior such as stereotyped behavior or self-injurious behavior....

  4. Adolescents care but don't feel responsible for farm animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Jamieson, J., Reiss, M. J., Allen, D., Asher, L., Parker, M. O., Wathes, C. M., Abeyesinghe, S. M.

    Adolescents are the next generation of consumers with the potential to raise standards of farm animal welfare - to their satisfaction - if their preferences and concerns are translated into accurate market drivers and signals. There are no published data about adolescent views of farm animal...

  5. Advances in the study of the relationship between children and their pet dogs

    Contributor(s):: Filiatre, J. C., Millot, J. L., Montagner, H., Eckerlin, A., Gagnon, A. C.

    We report in this paper data from research carried out in two fields: 1. the study of the characteristics and mechanisms of the spontaneous child-dog interactions and communications in a familiar setting, home and immediate surroundings, for both individuals, and 2. an experimental analysis of...

  6. Affen und Menschen. (German)

    Contributor(s):: Münch, Paul

  7. Aggression and welfare in a common aquarium fish, the Midas cichlid

    Contributor(s):: Oldfield, R. G.

    Many species of fishes are aggressive when placed in small aquaria. Aggression can negatively affect the welfare of those individuals toward whom it is directed. Animals may behave aggressively in order to defend resources such as food, shelter, mates, and offspring. The decision to defend...

  8. Aggressive conflicts amongst dogs and factors affecting them

    Contributor(s):: Roll, A., Unshelm, J.

    Over one year, 206 dog owners were questioned in a veterinary clinic. The survey included two groups: 151 owners who visited the clinic because of an injury to their dog caused by another dog and 55 people who owned dogs that caused injuries to others. The questioning served to compare aggressors...

  9. Agroecosystems and primate conservation in the tropics : a review

    Contributor(s):: Estrada, Alejandro

  10. AIDS, canines and zoonoses: risks and benefits of visits

    Contributor(s):: Evans, K. M.

  11. All a mother's fault? Transmission of stereotypy in striped mice Rhabdomys

    Contributor(s):: Jones, M., Lierop, M. van, Pillay, N.

    Environmentally induced stereotypy is the most common abnormal behaviour in captive animals. However, not all animals housed in identically impoverished environments develop stereotypy, possibly because of differences in genetic predisposition. To investigate the transmission of stereotypy in...

  12. All creatures great and minute: a public policy primer for companion animal zoonoses

    Contributor(s):: Reaser, J. K., Clark, E. E., Jr., Meyers, N. M.

    Approximately 63% of US households have at least one pet, a large percentage of which are considered family members. Pet owners can derive substantial physical and psychological benefits from interaction with companion animals. However, pet ownership is not without risks; zoonotic diseases are...

  13. Allowing captive marmosets to choose the size and position of their nest box

    Contributor(s):: Hosey, G. R., Jacques, M., Burton, M.

    Preferences for nest box size and position were tested in two groups of common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus jacchus). One group consisted of a mother, her two adult sons and one adult daughter, and the other comprised a breeding pair, their two adult sons and two adult daughters. In a pre-test...

  14. Ambiguous mice, speaking rats: crossing and affirming the great divides in scientific practice

    Contributor(s):: Dennis, S.

  15. Ameliorating nonhuman animals' lives: Erin McKenna's pets, people, and pragmatism

    Contributor(s):: Palop, L. de T.

    This review article discusses Erin McKenna's pragmatist theory concerning the ethical treatment of companion animals, which she lays out in Pets, People and Pragmatism. McKenna develops a middle-ground view between the two opposite positions that frame the current debate on companion animals,...

  16. Amounts of pesticides reaching target pests: environmental impacts and ethics

    Contributor(s):: Pimentel, D.

    An examination of published work on arthropod pests, pathogens and weeds of crops indicated that less than 0.1% of pesticides applied for pest control reach their target pests. Thus, more than 99.9% of pesticides used move into the environment where they adversely affect public health and...

  17. An analysis of regurgitation and reingestion in captive chimpanzees

    Contributor(s):: Baker, K. C., Easley, S. P.

    Regurgitation and reingestion (R/R) is a potentially self-injurious behaviour in nonhuman primates and is a common problem among captive primates. The temporal and contextual distribution of R/R and its relationship to diet were assessed in 13 indoor-housed chimpanzees living in pairs and trios....

  18. An animal-assisted therapy intervention with female inmates

    Contributor(s):: Jasperson, R. A.

  19. An Enannatum's inscription over brick: a new look over lions gardians of Mesopotamian doors

    Contributor(s):: Battini, Laura

  20. An evaluation of a dog bite prevention intervention in the pediatric emergency department

    Contributor(s):: Dixon, C. A., Pomerantz, W. J., Hart, K. W., Lindsell, C. J., Mahabee-Gittens, E. M.