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  1. A comparison of the effects of simple versus complex environmental enrichment on the behaviour of group-housed, subadult rhesus macaques

    Contributor(s):: Schapiro, S. J., Bloomsmith, M. A., Suarez, S. A., Porter, L. M.

  2. A conceptual model of the human-animal relationships dynamics during newborn handling on cow-calf operation farms

    Contributor(s):: Costa, F. de O., Valente, T. S., Toledo, L. M. de, Ambrosio, L. A., Campo, M. del, Costa, M. J. R. P. da

  3. A counterbalanced version of Ainsworth's Strange Situation Procedure reveals secure-base effects in dog-human relationships

    | Contributor(s):: Palmer, R., Custance, D.

    It has been proposed that the dog-human relationship constitutes an infantile-like attachment. However, previous empirical support based on Ainsworth's Strange Situation test has proved inconclusive due to order effects inherent in the original procedure. In particular, these order effects...

  4. A critical review of horse-related risk: a research agenda for safer mounts, riders and equestrian cultures

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Thompson, K., McGreevy, P., McManus, P.

    While the importance of improving horse-related safety seems self-evident, no comprehensive study into understanding or reducing horse-related risk has been undertaken. In this paper, we discuss four dimensions of horse-related risk: the risk itself, the horse, the rider and the culture in which...

  5. A critical review of research on the human/companion animal relationship: 1988 to 1993

    | Contributor(s):: Barba, B. E.

    Fifty-two research reports from the human/companion animal relationship literature published from 1988 to 1993 were reviewed using a shortened form of the Selby Research, Assessment Form II (RAF) Descriptive data were analyzed for characteristics such as attributes of authors, grant funding,...

  6. A cross-cultural comparison of reports by German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America

    | Contributor(s):: Wan, M., Kubinyi, E., Miklosi, A., Champagne, F.

    Cross-cultural comparisons of dog behavior and dog-keeping practices are limited. The current study compared the questionnaire responses of German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America (USA). Owners provided information about their dog-keeping practices, as well as reports...

  7. A cross-sectional study of frequency and factors associated with dog walking in 9-10 year old children in Liverpool, UK

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Westgarth, C., Boddy, L. M., Stratton, G., German, A. J., Gaskell, R. M., Coyne, K. P., Bundred, P., McCune, S., Dawson, S.

    Background Owning a pet dog could potentially improve child health through encouraging participation in physical activity, through dog walking. However, evidence to support this is limited and conflicting. In particular, little is known about children’s participation in dog walking and...

  8. A cross-sectional study of horse-related injuries in veterinary and animal science students at an Australian university

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Riley, C. B., Liddiard, J. R., Thompson, K.

    Specific estimates of the risk of horse-related injury (HRI) to university students enrolled in veterinary and animal sciences have not been reported. This study aimed to determine the risk of student HRI during their university education, the nature and management of such injuries. A...

  9. A different cut? Comparing attitudes toward animals and propensity for aggression within two primary industry cohorts - farmers and meatworkers

    | Contributor(s):: Richards, E., Signal, T., Taylor, N.

  10. A friendly dog as potential moderator of cardiovascular response to speech in older hypertensives

    | Contributor(s):: Friedmann, E., Thomas, S. A., Cook, L. K., Tsai, C. C., Picot, S. J.

    As the population ages and obesity increases, the number of older adult hypertensives is rising dramatically. Uncontrolled hypertension (HTN) increases, and reducing blood pressure (BP), lowers cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and renal morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular reactivity, defined...

  11. A general reaction pattern across situations in prepubertal gilts

    | Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Jensen, K. H., Herskin, M. S.

    56 prepubertal crossbred Landrace/Yorkshire gilts were subjected to a Food Competition Test, an Open Field Test, a Human Test and a Social Test. The undisturbed behaviour was video recorded in the home pen before the tests were performed. Factor analysis on open field data identified 5 factors,...

  12. A long-term study of elderly people in nursing homes with visiting and resident dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Crowley-Robinson, P., Fenwick, D. C., Blackshaw, J. K.

  13. A Method to Determine When Active Translocation of Nonhuman Primates Is Justified

    | Contributor(s):: Jones, Clara B.

    Evaluates the active translocation of nonhuman primates. Reasons for undertaking translocations; Pros and cons of translocation projects; Ethical aspect of translocations; Details on the cost and selection criteria of habitat for translocated primates.

  14. A note on enrichment for captive lion-tailed macaques ( Macaca silenus )

    | Contributor(s):: Mallapur, A., Waran, N., Anindya, Sinha

    Two enrichment techniques were devised with the aim of reducing stress and improving welfare for captive lion-tailed macaques in an Indian zoo. In Study A, a log, cotton ropes and a feeding basket were added to the enclosures in different combinations to provide structural and feeding enrichment...

  15. A note on enrichment for spontaneous tool use by chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes )

    | Contributor(s):: Morimura, N.

    In the wild, decisions as to "when", "where", and "how" an animal acts are made based on the individual's own choice; in contrast, the behaviour of wild animals in captivity may be under human control. To improve the physical and psychological well-being of captive animals, we should ensure that...

  16. A note on genetic parameters of gilt responses to humans

    | Contributor(s):: Hellbrugge, B., Tolle, K. H., Presuhn, U., Krieter, J.

    In this study, a response test towards a stockperson was evaluated for improved maternal behaviour and increased piglet survival. Records were available from 638 German Landrace gilts with 860 observations tested for the response to an observer in the familiar environment of the mating centre....

  17. A note on indoor and outdoor housing preferences of common marmosets ( Callithrix jacchus )

    | Contributor(s):: Pines, M. K., Kaplan, G., Rogers, L. J.

    This study examined the preferences of six pairs of common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) from the colony at the University of New England, Australia, between their home cage and either a large, enriched, indoor room or a smaller outdoor cage. When given free access to move between their home...

  18. A note on the cecotrophy behavior in capybara ( Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris )

    | Contributor(s):: Mendes, A., Nogueira, S. S. da C., Lavorenti, A., Nogueira-Filho, S. L. G.

    Six adult capybaras (56 kg) were placed in individual pens and observed for 96 serial hours. During this period a behavioural pattern believed to consist of caecotrophy was observed 243 times. Animals sat on their hind limbs, stretched either limb out, bent over driving their heads in the...

  19. A note on the effect of auditory stimulation on the behaviour and welfare of zoo-housed gorillas

    | Contributor(s):: Wells, D. L., Coleman, D., Challis, M. G.

    Auditory stimulation has long been employed as a form of therapy for humans and animals housed in institutions. Its effect on one of our closest-living relatives, the gorilla, however, is largely unknown. This study explored the effect of auditory stimulation on the behaviour and welfare of six...

  20. A note on the effect of olfactory stimulation on the behaviour and welfare of zoo-housed gorillas

    | Contributor(s):: Wells, D. L., Hepper, P. G., Coleman, D., Challis, M. G.

    Olfactory stimulation has been shown to influence the behaviour of a wide variety of species and is now considered a useful form of environmental enrichment for many captive animals. To date, the effect of odour introduction on the behaviour of primates has been subject to little attention....