A study of the interactions of human, pig, and the human pork tapeworm
Contributor(s):: Nemeth, D. J.
The role of pigsty-privies on Cheju Island, South Korea, in the transmission of helminth parasites from pig to man is discussed with particular reference to Taenia solium. It appears that pigsty-privies reduce the incidence of intestinal nematode infections in the human population but not that of...
A study of three methods used to assess stockmanship on commercial dairy farms: can these become effective welfare assessment techniques?
Contributor(s):: Rennie, L. J., Bowell, V. A., Dearing, J. M., Haskell, M. J., Lawrence, A. B.
The modern dairy industry involves close contact between the stockperson and their animals and thus complex relationships develop between stockperson and cow. This study examines the assessment of stockmanship quality on commercial dairy farms and aims to develop useable protocols for on-farm...
A study on validity and reliability of on-farm tests to measure human-animal relationship in horses and donkeys
Contributor(s):: Costa, E. dalla, Dai, F., Murray, L. A. M., Guazzetti, S., Canali, E., Minero, M.
The development and maintenance of a positive human-horse/donkey relationship is essential in order to decrease accidents and reduce negative states of equine welfare. In many animal species the reaction of animals to humans during specific behavioural tests is influenced by their past...
A survey of animal welfare experts and practicing veterinarians to identify and explore key factors thought to influence canine and feline welfare in relation to veterinary care
Contributor(s):: Dawson, L. C., Dewey, C. E., Stone, E. A., Guerin, M. T., Niel, L.
Veterinary care is important for maintaining companion animal health; however, it also has the potential to impact other aspects of patient welfare. To investigate factors related to veterinary care that are likely to influence canine and feline welfare, animal welfare researchers, veterinarians...
A survey of cat shelters in Sweden
Contributor(s):: Eriksson, P., Loberg, J., Andersson, M.
Although cats are extremely common, pet owners seem to have a poor understanding of their natural behaviour and needs and a large number end up in cat shelters. In Sweden, no records exist of the number of cat shelters or their activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence...
A survey of chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes troglodytes ) and gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla ) in the selectively logged Ngotto Forest, Central African Republic
Contributor(s):: Hicks, T. C., Fouts, R. S., Fouts, D. H.
Currently, the timber company Industrie Forestiere du Batalimo is selectively logging the Ngotto Forest in the Central African Republic. The forest is home to a population of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) and gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and provides the Bofi-speaking people of...
A survey of dog populations in urban and rural areas of Yucatan, Mexico
Contributor(s):: Ortega-Pacheco, A., Rodriguez-Buenfil, J. C., Bolio-Gonzalez, M. E., Sauri-Arceo, C. H., Jimenez-Coello, M., Forsberg, C. L.
A survey in a major Mexican city (Merida) and three rural communities was conducted to generate information regarding the size and structure of the owned-dog populations and people's opinions about the dogs and how they took care of them. Household characteristics and dog population size, health...
A survey of elephant husbandry and foot health in North American zoos.
Contributor(s):: Lewis, K. D., Shepherdson, D. J., Owens, T. M., Keele, M.
The foot health of elephants in human care is a longstanding concern. In 2001, the AZA Standards for Elephant Management and Care were published recommending husbandry to improve foot health. This article reports the results of a 2006 survey: basic statistics describing facility, husbandry, and...
A survey of pet- and non-pet-owning Swedish adolescents: demographic differences and health issues
| Contributor(s):: Mullersdorf, M., Granstrom, F., Tillgren, P.
The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of pet ownership in adolescents in Sweden and establish whether any gender, age or health-related differences exist between those who own pets and those who do not. In addition, the study aimed to explore the relationships between species of...
A survey of public opinion on the actual condition and the requirement for animal assisted relaxation activity: the significance of future Animal Assisted Activity (AAA) and Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT)
| Contributor(s):: Narita, T., Kiyama, M., Kawakami, T., Choi, HyoungRak, Hayasaki, M.
Questionnaires were sent out to 84 veterinary clinics and 792 public homes and services for the aged and/or the handicapped and day care centres for the elderly in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan [date not given], to determine the public opinion on animal-assisted activity and therapy. The responses...
A survey of the attitudes of stakeholders in the zoo industry towards the husbandry requirements of captive Great Apes
| Contributor(s):: Fernie, A. C., Tribe, A., Murray, P. J., Lisle, A., Phillips, C. J. C.
A survey of veterinarians' attitudes toward euthanasia of companion animals in Japan
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| Contributor(s):: Sugita, H., Irimajiri, M.
This study investigated veterinarians' attitudes toward euthanasia of companion animals in Japan. A nationwide survey was conducted with 932 veterinarians in small animal practices. It examined the number of times they administered euthanasia, their moral criteria for choosing euthanasia for...
A survey of wildlife rehabilitation in South Africa: is there a need for improved management?
| Contributor(s):: Wimberger, K., Downs, C. T., Boyes, R. S.
The focus of wildlife rehabilitation is the survival of the individual animal, often leading to rehabilitators being in conflict with government wildlife officials, who regulate the industry and whose focus is on the security of entire wildlife communities. In South Africa, wildlife...
A tail of two monkeys: social housing for nonhuman primates in the research laboratory setting
| Contributor(s):: Seelig, D.
Despite great adaptability, most nonhuman primates require regular tactile contact with conspecifics for their psychological well being. By illustrating the inherent value of social contact and by providing clues to the best ways of satisfying this need, behavioral studies are useful in designing...
A therapist's guide to treating grief after the loss of a pet: a three-tier model
| Contributor(s):: Tamara A. K. Miller, Maurice F. Prout, Mary Rourke, Carin Lefkowitz, Bret Boyer
Grief after the death of a pet has been demonstrated to parallel grief after the death of a person, yet many people report feeling a lack of support from family, friends, and even therapy providers when experiencing pet bereavement (Archer & Winchester, 1994; Chur-Hansen, 2010; Gosse &...
A two-choice preference assessment with five cotton-top tamarins ( Saguinus oedipus )
| Contributor(s):: Fernandez, E. J., Dorey, N. R., Rosales-Ruiz, J.
A study selected 5 cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) located at the Frank Buck Zoo in Gainesville, Texas, for a food preference assessment. The study used a paired-choice procedure across 7 different food items for all 5 tamarins. Preferences for the food items across all the tamarins...
A view from the bridge: subjectivity, embodiment and animal minds
| Contributor(s):: Dutton, D., Williams, C.
In contemporary discussions of animal mind the difficulty of studying the nature of private, subjective awareness in animals is often seen as a barrier to a fuller understanding of animal experience. Relatively little work has focused on more recent psychological accounts of mind that emphasize...
A woman veterinary student in the fifties: the view from the approaching millennium
| Contributor(s):: Lawrence, E. A.
Elizabeth A. Lawrence, a DVM graduate in the 1950s, reflects on the rapid changes in gender distribution within the veterinary profession since that time, noting the barriers she experienced and challenged, and those opportunties ahead as women reach "a point of critical mass" in the profession.
A Zoo Tragedy: Grieving for Our Fellow Primates
| Contributor(s):: Milstein, Karen Kaufman
Abnormal behaviour in captive sooty mangabeys
| Contributor(s):: Crast, J., Bloomsmith, M. A., Perlman, J. E., Meeker, T. L., Remillard, C. M.
The influence of several factors on abnormal behaviour was investigated in 46 singly housed sooty mangabeys ( Cercocebus atys) (eight nursery-reared, 38 mother-reared), including self-injurious, self-directed, stereotypic locomotion, and faeces/urine-related behaviours (SIB, SDB, SL, FUR,...