A prospective exploration of farm, farmer, and animal characteristics in human-animal relationships: an epidemiological survey
| Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Boivin, X., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.
Human-animal relationships are essential for dairy farming. They affect work comfort and efficiency, as well as milk production. A poor human-animal relationship can result in stress and accidents to both animals and caretakers and needs to be improved. However, many studies have demonstrated...
A study on validity and reliability of on-farm tests to measure human-animal relationship in horses and donkeys
| Contributor(s):: Costa, E. dalla, Dai, F., Murray, L. A. M., Guazzetti, S., Canali, E., Minero, M.
The development and maintenance of a positive human-horse/donkey relationship is essential in order to decrease accidents and reduce negative states of equine welfare. In many animal species the reaction of animals to humans during specific behavioural tests is influenced by their past...
African innovations in the use of plants and animals
| Contributor(s):: Reid, Andrew
Agriculture - Who cares? An investigation of 'care farming' in the UK
| Contributor(s):: Leck, Chris, Evans, Nick, Upton, Dominic
Agriculture in the Slovenian transitional economy: the preservation of genetic diversity of plants and ethical consequences
| Contributor(s):: Ivancic, A., Turk, J., Rozman, C., Sisko, M.
Slovene agriculture is going through drastic changes. Most of the land is still owned by small farmers. The production is oriented to the market and is based on modern Western technology. It is associated with increasing pollution and is becoming a serious threat to biodiversity. Many of the wild...
An investigation of the effect of environmental enrichment and space allowance on the behaviour and production of growing pigs
| Contributor(s):: Beattie, V. E., Walker, N., Sneddon, I. A.
Newly weaned 6-week-old pigs in groups of 6 littermates were placed in enriched environments with a floor space allowance of 0.5, 1.1, 1.7 or 2.3 msuperscript 2/pig (treatments 1-4, respectively). Treatment 5 was identical to treatment 4, except for the absence of enriching elements which...
Animal Production and the New Social Ethic for Animals
| Contributor(s):: Rollin, Bernard E.
Animal welfare and economic optimisation of farrowing systems. (Special Issue: Knowing animals.)
| Contributor(s):: Ahmadi, B. V., Stott, A. W., Baxter, E. M., Lawrence, A. B., Edwards, S. A.
In many countries, including the UK, the majority of domestic sows are housed in farrowing crates during the farrowing and lactation periods. Such systems raise welfare problems due to the close confinement of the sow. Despite the fact that many alternative housing systems have been developed, no...
Animal welfare and organic aquaculture in open systems
| Contributor(s):: Cottee, S. Y., Petersan, P.
The principles of organic farming espouse a holistic approach to agriculture that promotes sustainable and harmonious relationships amongst the natural environment, plants and animals, as well as regard for animals' physiological and behavioral needs. However, open aquaculture systems - both...
Animal welfare concerns and values of stakeholders within the dairy industry
| Contributor(s):: Ventura, B. A., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Weary, D. M.
This paper describes the perspectives of stakeholders within the North American dairy industry on key issues affecting the welfare of dairy cattle. Five heterogeneous focus groups were held during a dairy cattle welfare meeting in Guelph, Canada in October 2012. Each group contained between 7 and...
Animal welfare in disaster management
| Contributor(s):: Vroegindewey, G.
Are you treating all creatures great and small?
| Contributor(s):: Cope, I.
The exotic pet turning up in the waiting room of the local practice is a growing trend. Their owners expect veterinarians to be able to see and triage most species, but is this a fair expectation? Should vets be able to see and treat all creatures great and small or are those days of James...
Artificial Neural Network (ANN) as a Tool to Reduce Human-Animal Interaction Improves Senegalese Sole Production
| Contributor(s):: Martínez-Vázquez, J. M., Valcarce, D. G., Riesco, M. F., Sanz Marco, V., Matsuoka, M., Robles, V.
Manipulation is usually required for biomass calculation and food estimation for optimal fish growth in production facilities. However, the advances in computer-based systems have opened a new range of applied possibilities. In this study we used image analysis and a neural network algorithm...
Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs
| Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Duffy, D. L.
Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...
Assessment of meat-type sheep welfare using animal-based measures
| Contributor(s):: M'Hamdi, N., Darej, C., Attia, K., Guesmi, H., Znaidi, I. E. A., Bouraoui, R., M'Hamdi, H., Marzouki, L., Ayadi, M.
Awareness concerning optimal pig production management and animal welfare among smallholder farmers in Tanzania
| Contributor(s):: Braae, U. C., Penrith, M. L., Ngowi, H. A., Lekule, F., Johansen, M. V.
Behavioral and physiological predictors of guide dog success
| Contributor(s):: Tomkins, L. M., Thomson, P. C., McGreevy, P. D.
A range of mobility aids are available to assist people living with vision impairment, and of these, guide dog ownership offers them several unique benefits. However, training a dog to be a successful guide dog comes at a high cost (approximately AU$30,000). Therefore, the aim of this study was...
Chicken Husbandry in Late-Medieval Eastern England: c. 1250-1400
| Contributor(s):: Slavin, Philip
Constrained choice and ethical dilemmas in land management: environmental quality and food safety in California agriculture
| Contributor(s):: Stuart, D.
As environmental and conservation efforts increasingly turn towards agricultural landscapes, it is important to understand how land management decisions are made by agricultural producers. While previous studies have explored producer decision-making, many fail to recognize the importance of...
Current agricultural practices threaten future global food production
| Contributor(s):: Liu, YongBo, Pan, XuBin, Li, JunSheng
In future decades, food demand for an increased population with elevated standards of living poses a huge challenge, particularly in the sense of the environmental impacts of agricultural systems. We have analyzed agricultural data from the past 50 years, and found that the current agricultural...