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  1. Modeling the relationship between food animal health and human foodborne illness

    Contributor(s):: Singer, R. S., Cox, L. A., Jr., Dickson, J. S., Hurd, H. S., Phillips, I., Miller, G. Y.

    To achieve further reductions in foodborne illness levels in humans, effective pre-harvest interventions are needed. The health status of food animals that are destined to enter the human food supply chain may be an important, although often overlooked, factor in predicting the risk of human...

  2. Molecular investigation of relatedness of Campylobacter coli isolated from child with campylobacteriosis and healthy, household dog

    Contributor(s):: Wardak, S., Duda, U., Wojsa, B.

    Thermotolerant species of Campylobacter (mainly C. jejuni and C. coli) are among the most frequently isolated bacterial agents of gastroenteritis in many developed countries. C. coli is less prevalent than C. jejuni. The main reservoir of C. coli is swine, however this pathogen may also be found...

  3. Avian companions and the human-animal bond

    Contributor(s):: Harris, J. M.

  4. Colorado animal-based plague surveillance systems: relationships between targeted animal species and prediction efficacy of areas at risk for humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lowell, J. L., Eisen, R. J., Schotthoefer, A. M., Liang, X. C., Montenieri, J. A., Tanda, D., Pape, J., Schriefer, M. E., Antolin, M. F., Gage, K. L.

    Human plague risks (Yersinia pestis infection) are greatest when epizootics cause high mortality among this bacterium's natural rodent hosts. Therefore, health departments in plague-endemic areas commonly establish animal-based surveillance programs to monitor Y. pestis infection among plague...

  5. What are the differences in management and disease between pet and commercial goats?

    | Contributor(s):: Roe, V.

    This study was conducted to determine the differences in management and environment and the common disease problems between pet and commercial goats. Goat owners (n=38) were given questionnaires covering the type of enterprise, management and disease. The owners were categorized using both the...

  6. Interfacing genetics, behavior and husbandry in White Leghorns presented with E. coli challenge

    | Contributor(s):: Mauldin, J. M., Siegel, P. B., Gross, W. B.

    Female fowls from the 3rd and 4th generations of lines which had undergone selection for persistence and non-persistence of antibody production to sheep erythrocytes were reared as floor flocks to 134 or 242 days of age, and were then reared singly in cages. At 295 or 394 days of age, females...

  7. Management and mastitis

    | Contributor(s):: Francis, P. G.

    This is the abstr. of a paper presented at the Winter Meeting of the Society for Veterinary Ethology, which was held in London, UK on 3 Dec. 1980. Various measures were investigated to reduce the Escherichia coli population in cubicle (free-stall) straw bedding during a 5-month winter period.

  8. The behavioural responses of badgers ( Meles meles ) to exclusion from farm buildings using an electric fence

    | Contributor(s):: Tolhurst, B. A., Ward, A. I., Delahay, R. J., MacMaster, A. M., Roper, T. J.

    Behavioural investigations into the transmission of bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) between badgers and cattle suggest that badger activity in farm buildings may incur a significant risk of cross-infection. However, measures to exclude badgers from buildings have not been systematically...

  9. Ranging behaviour of European badgers ( Meles meles ) in relation to bovine tuberculosis ( Mycobacterium bovis ) infection

    | Contributor(s):: Garnett, B. T., Delahay, R. J., Roper, T. J.

    Using radio-telemetry and direct observation, we monitored the ranging and foraging behaviour, habitat use and sett use of eight same-sex pairs of badgers (Meles meles L.). Members of each pair were of the same age-class and were members of the same social group, but differed with respect to...

  10. Behaviour of pigs with viral and bacterial pneumonia

    | Contributor(s):: Escobar, J., Alstine, W. G. van, Baker, D. H., Johnson, R. W.

    The behavioural response to infection is well organized and may enhance disease resistance and facilitate recovery, but the behaviour of pigs with an acute respiratory infection has not been assessed. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate behaviour of pigs inoculated with...

  11. Studies on the phenogenetics of behaviour in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Krusinskii, L. V.

    THE 3 characters studied are (a) "passive defence reaction, " or shyness, T, as shown by tendency to run away at the approach of a stranger, hiding in a corner, dilation of pupils, muscular tetanus; (b) "active defence reaction " or aggressiveness, A [N.B. author uses no symbol] shown by attempt...