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  1. Living Property: A New Status for Animals Within the Legal System

    Contributor(s):: David S. Favre

    This Article develops the proposition that non-human animals can possess and exercise legal rights. This proposal is supported by the fact that our legal system already accommodates a number of animal interests within the criminal anti-cruelty laws and civil trust laws. To make a more coherent...

  2. Emotional impact of possession loss

    Contributor(s):: McCracken, Ann

  3. Condo pet policies and the Fair Housing Act: Dubois v. Association of Apartment Owners

    Contributor(s):: Roger Bernhardt

    This article discusses a Ninth Circuit case where plaintiffs unsuccessfully claimed violation of the Fair Housing Act because the homeowners association had never refused to make the requested accommodation.

  4. Not a living room sofa: changing the legal status of companion animals

    | Contributor(s):: Susan J. Hankin

    Although the law has traditionally treated non-human animals as property, public attitudes and many of our current laws already are beginning to reflect many ways in which animals, and especially companion animals, are fundamentally different from inanimate property. Despite these trends, the...

  5. From "one medicine" to "one health" and systemic approaches to health and well-being

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Zinsstag, J., Schelling, E., Waltner-Toews, D., Tanner, M.

    Faced with complex patterns of global change, the inextricable interconnection of humans, pet animals, livestock and wildlife and their social and ecological environment is evident and requires integrated approaches to human and animal health and their respective social and environmental...

  6. Bones as enrichment for farmed blue foxes ( Vulpes lagopus ): interaction with the bones and preference for a cage with the bones

    | Contributor(s):: Koistinen, T., Turunen, A., Kiviniemi, V., Ahola, L., Mononen, J.

    Animal welfare regulations (e.g. Recommendations of European Convention) state that farmed foxes need to be provided with an activity object, though the material or shape of the object is not specified. We aimed to evaluate the properties of bones as an activity object for farmed blue foxes...

  7. On the use of an automated learning device by group-housed dwarf goats: do goats seek cognitive challenges?

    | Contributor(s):: Langbein, J., Siebert, K., Nurnberg, G.

    It has been postulated that implementing appropriate cognitive challenges in the housing of captive animals allows them to use their cognitive skills, and to learn to control certain aspects of their environment. This cognitive activity is thought to be a major source of positive emotions and a...

  8. Preferences of Orange-winged Amazon parrots ( Amazona amazonica ) for cage enrichment devices

    | Contributor(s):: Kim, L. C., Garner, J. P., Millam, J. R.

    Cage enrichment devices (ED), frequently termed cage "toys", are often provided to captive parrots as a means of promoting a behaviorally stimulating environment, but it is not clear whether particular properties of EDs are more effective than others in eliciting engagement with them. We tested...

  9. Effect of different free stall surfaces on behavioural, productive and metabolic parameters in dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Calamari, L., Calegari, F., Stefanini, L.

    Two experiments were carried out on 56 lactating dairy cows in an experimental free stall barn comparing four different lying surfaces: straw bedded pack (ST), rubber mat (RM), mattress (MA) and sand (SA). In the first experiment (26 days) cows were allowed to choose between free stalls with each...

  10. Looking for an ideal horse: rider preferences

    | Contributor(s):: Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Chruszczewski, M. H., Jaworski, Z., Golonka, M., Jezierski, T., Dlugosz, B., Pieszka, M.

    The aims of the present study were as follows: (1) to identify the particular characteristics of a horse that are important to riders, and (2) to examine which of these properties are significant for different categories of riders. The participants (197; 78.7% females) were surveyed using the...

  11. Minimizing disturbance to wildlife by tourists approaching on foot or in a car: a study of kangaroos in the Australian rangelands

    | Contributor(s):: Wolf, I. D., Croft, D. B.

    Approaching wildlife to attain a closer viewing experience is common amongst visitors to natural areas. We examined how tourists approach free-living kangaroos during encounters in a popular tourism destination in South Australia. We then simulated the typical properties of approaches to...

  12. The effect of rope color, size and fray on environmental enrichment device interaction in male and female Orange-winged Amazon parrots ( Amazona amazonica )

    | Contributor(s):: Webb, N. V., Famula, T. R., Millam, J. R.

    Environmental enrichment devices (EDs; a.k.a. cage "toys") are often provided to captive parrots to mitigate the austerity of their environments, but the basis of attraction to EDs by parrots is poorly understood and many EDs go un-used. Preferences of Orange-winged Amazon parrots...

  13. Do sheep use umami and bitter tastes as cues of post-ingestive consequences when selecting their diet?

    | Contributor(s):: Favreau, A., Baumont, R., Ferreira, G., Dumont, B., Ginane, C.

    Grazing herbivores use their senses to select their diet. As tastes could reveal certain plant properties, we investigated whether sheep use them as cues to anticipate post-ingestive consequences. We focused on umami and bitter tastes reported to be associated with protein and toxin contents,...

  14. Is quality of life a useful concept for companion animals?

    | Contributor(s):: Taylor, K. D., Mills, D. S.

    Although the term 'quality of life' (QoL) is not unfamiliar to veterinary surgeons, only recently has the scientific community attempted to measure it in farm and companion animals. Typically such studies have applied methodologies from the field of human health-related quality of life (HRQoL),...

  15. Live chilling of turbot and subsequent effect on behaviour, muscle stiffness, muscle quality, blood gases and chemistry

    | Contributor(s):: Roth, B., Imsland, A. K., Foss, A.

    During the commercial slaughter of farmed turbot (Scophthalmus maximus), a total of 67 fish were, on six occasions, removed from their rearing conditions at 14 degrees C and put, as is standard commercial practice, into chilled seawater (-1.5 to -0.8 degrees C) to monitor behavioural, muscular,...

  16. Mammal trapping: a review of animal welfare standards of killing and restraining traps

    | Contributor(s):: Iossa, G., Soulsbury, C. D., Harris, S.

    Millions of wild mammals are trapped annually for fur, pest control and wildlife management. Ensuring the welfare of trapped individuals can only be achieved by trapping methods that meet accepted standards of animal welfare. At the international level, the assessment of mechanical properties of...

  17. RICHPIG: a semantic model to assess enrichment materials for pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M.

    A computer-based model was constructed to assess enrichment materials (EMats) for intensively-farmed weaned, growing and fattening pigs on a scale from 0 to 10. This model, called RICHPIG, was constructed in order to support the further implementation of EC Directive 2001/93/EC, which states that...

  18. Tools to measure and improve animal welfare: reward-related behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Harst, J. E. van der, Spruijt, B. M.

    There is an increasing requirement for tools to assess and improve animal welfare in an objective and scientifically based manner. In our research a concept of welfare is applied which states that welfare is determined by the balance between positive and negative experiences. This concept implies...

  19. Vocal-type classification as a tool to identify stress in piglets under on-farm conditions

    | Contributor(s):: Borell, E. von, Bunger, B., Schmidt, T., Horn, T.

    Previous studies have shown that the analysis of high frequency stress calls in pigs can serve as a reliable tool in welfare research. Our study focuses on the classification of three different classes of piglet vocalisation: grunting, squealing and screaming. In a castration experiment...