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  1. Fel d 1 and Can f 1 in settled dust and airborne Fel d 1 in allergen avoidance day-care centres for atopic children in relation to number of pet-owners, ventilation and general cleaning

    Contributor(s):: Wickman, M., Egmar, A., Emenius, G., Almqvist, C., Berglind, N., Larsson, P., Van Hage-Hamsten, M.

  2. Immunohistochemistry of the canine vomeronasal organ

    Contributor(s):: Dennis, J. C., Allgier, J. G., Desouza, L. S., Eward, W. C., Morrison, E. E.

  3. Reduction in mucosal barrier markers with soy protein diet but not Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG in DSS-treated mice

    Contributor(s):: Huanyi Jiang, Ruth S. MacDonald (adviser)

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a common ailment affecting people of all ages. Even though the pathogenesis of IBD has not been fully elucidated, there is evidence that it involves interactions between genetic susceptibility, aberrant activation of the immune system, and the environment....

  4. Behaviour and welfare of veal calves fed different amounts of solid feed supplemented to a milk replacer ration adjusted for similar growth

    | Contributor(s):: Webb, L. E., Bokkers, E. A. M., Engel, B., Gerrits, W. J. J., Berends, H., Reenen, C. G. van

    Veal calves in Europe are typically fed large quantities of milk replacer and small amounts of solid feed, a diet known to lead to the development of abnormal oral behaviours in these animals. These abnormal oral behaviours are thought to be an indication of frustration, chronic stress, and...

  5. Influence of teeth resection on the skin temperature and acute phase response in newborn piglets

    | Contributor(s):: Llamas Moya, S., Boyle, L. A., Lynch, P. B., Arkins, S.

  6. Childhood cat allergen exposure in three European countries: The AIRALLERG study

    | Contributor(s):: Giovannangelo, M., Gehring, U., Nordling, E., Oldenwening, M., de Wind, S., Bellander, T., Almqvist, C., Heinrich, J., Hoek, G., Brunekreef, B.

  7. Gene-environment interaction in the onset of eczema in infancy: filaggrin loss-of-function mutations enhanced by neonatal cat exposure

    | Contributor(s):: Bisgaard, H., Simpson, A., Palmer, C. N., Bonnelykke, K., McLean, I., Mukhopadhyay, S., Pipper, C. B., Halkjaer, L. B., Lipworth, B., Hankinson, J., Woodcock, A., Custovic, A.

    BackgroundLoss-of-function variants in the gene encoding filaggrin (FLG) are major determinants of eczema. We hypothesized that weakening of the physical barrier in FLG-deficient individuals may potentiate the effect of environmental exposures. Therefore, we investigated whether there is an...

  8. From "one medicine" to "one health" and systemic approaches to health and well-being

    | Contributor(s):: Zinsstag, J., Schelling, E., Waltner-Toews, D., Tanner, M.

    Faced with complex patterns of global change, the inextricable interconnection of humans, pet animals, livestock and wildlife and their social and ecological environment is evident and requires integrated approaches to human and animal health and their respective social and environmental...

  9. Cow milk and human development and well-being

    | Contributor(s):: Maijala, K.

    This paper reviews the hypotheses of the relationship between milk and human coronary heart disease (CHD). These hypotheses are examined and their original historic deficiencies are discussed. This is followed by the new and emerging scientific evidence to support, question or refute these...

  10. G protein-activated inwardly rectifying K[sup]+[/sup] channel inhibition and rescue of weaver mouse motor functions by antidepressants

    | Contributor(s):: Takahashi, Takehiro, Kobayashi, Toru, Ozaki, Miwako, Takamatsu, Yukio, Ogai, Yasukazu, Ohta, Mitsuaki, Yamamoto, Hideko, Ikeda, Kazutaka

  11. You are what you eat: meat, novel protein foods, and consumptive freedom

    | Contributor(s):: Beekman, V.

    Animal husbandry has been accused of maltreating animals, polluting the environment, and so on. These accusations were thought to be answered when the Dutch research program "Sustainable Technological Development" (STD) suggested a government-initiated conversion from meat to novel protein foods...

  12. A note on the cecotrophy behavior in capybara ( Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris )

    | Contributor(s):: Mendes, A., Nogueira, S. S. da C., Lavorenti, A., Nogueira-Filho, S. L. G.

    Six adult capybaras (56 kg) were placed in individual pens and observed for 96 serial hours. During this period a behavioural pattern believed to consist of caecotrophy was observed 243 times. Animals sat on their hind limbs, stretched either limb out, bent over driving their heads in the...

  13. An investigation into the effect of different protein and energy intakes on model tail chewing behaviour of growing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: McIntyre, J., Edwards, S. A.

    Twenty-four crossbred pigs were housed individually and allocated at 62 kg (S.E.M.=0.81) to one of three diets providing differing daily protein and energy intakes: control (C) 1.42 g CP/MJ DE, fed to provide 2.85 maintenance energy; low protein (LP) 0.76 g CP/MJ DE fed to provide the same daily...

  14. Behaviour of growing lambs housed on straw or woodchip bedding materials and their preference for floor type

    | Contributor(s):: Wolf, B. T., Molloy, H. R. B., Trayte, M. J., Rose, M. T.

    Straw is widely used as a bedding material for housed sheep, but alternatives are needed in regions where straw is expensive or in short supply. The aim of this work was to compare time budgets, growth and food intake of growing, finishing lambs housed on either woodchip or straw bedding...

  15. Diurnal rhythm of feather pecking behaviour and condition of integument in four strains of loose housed laying hens

    | Contributor(s):: Kjaer, J. B.

    2400 chickens from 4 commercial strains, Lohmann Selected Leghorn (LSL), Norbrid 41 (NB), Lohmann Brown (LB) and ISA Brown (ISA) were reared and kept in aviary systems. Feather pecking behaviour was recorded by time sampling from video recordings at 38 weeks of age and condition of plumage, keel...

  16. Effects of food structure and nutritional quality and animal nutritional state on intake behaviour and food preferences of sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Villalba, J. J., Provenza, F. D.

    There is evidence of the independent effects of plant physical and chemical characteristics on foraging, but little has been done to determine how these traits interact to affect food selection. The effect of the nutritional state of lambs on intake behaviour and preference for feeds with...

  17. Influence of post-calving regrouping strategy on welfare and performance parameters in dairy heifers

    | Contributor(s):: O'Connell, N. E., Wicks, H. C. F., Carson, A. F., McCoy, M. A.

    Thirty-six Holstein Friesian heifers (dairy herd replacements) were assigned to one of three regrouping treatments during the post-calving period. In Treatment 1, heifers were introduced individually to an established group of cows and heifers within 24 h of calving ('Single - day 1'). In...

  18. Lambs fed protein or energy imbalanced diets forage in locations and on foods that rectify imbalances

    | Contributor(s):: Scott, L. L., Provenza, F. D.

    Ruminants eat a variety of foods from different locations in the environment. While water, cover, social interactions, and predators are all likely to influence choice of foraging location, differences in macronutrient content among forages may also cause ruminants to forage in different...

  19. Some aspects of milk that elicit non-nutritive sucking in the calf

    | Contributor(s):: Passille, A. M. de, Rushen, J., Janzen, M.

    Male Holstein dairy calves were allowed to suck a non-nutritive teat after meals of either cow milk or milk replacer, and the amount of non-nutritive sucking that occurred during the 10 min following the meal was observed. There were no differences between milk and commercial milk replacer in the...

  20. Trainability of eliminative behaviour in dairy heifers using a secondary reinforcer

    | Contributor(s):: Whistance, L. K., Sinclair, L. A., Arney, D. R., Phillips, C. J. C.

    Soiled bedding influences cleanliness and disease levels in dairy cows and there is no evidence of an inherent latrine behaviour in cattle. If cows were trained to use a concrete area of the housing system as a latrine, a cleaner bed could be maintained. Thirteen group-housed, 14-16-month-old...