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  1. What components of milk stimulate sucking in calves?

    Contributor(s):: Passille, A. M. de, Rushen, J.

    To examine the role of the various components of milk in stimulating non-nutritive sucking, 4-18 week-old male dairy calves (N=10-15 in each experiment) were allowed to suck a dry teat after being given small quantities of milk or reconstituted milk and their sucking behaviour was observed. We...

  2. Choice feeding of pigs: an aid in predicting their feeding behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Kyriazakis, I., Emmans, G. C.

  3. Effect of breed, season and pasture moisture gradient on foraging behaviour in cattle on semi-natural grasslands

    | Contributor(s):: Hessle, A., Rutter, M., Wallin, K.

    The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of breed, season and pasture moisture gradient on the extent and location of grazing and ruminating behaviour in cattle kept on heterogeneous semi-natural grasslands. Two groups of heifers, 12 of the traditional Swedish breed Vaneko and...

  4. Effect of source and lairage on some behavioural and biochemical measurements of feed restriction and dehydration in cattle at a slaughterhouse

    | Contributor(s):: Jarvis, A. M., Harrington, D. W. J., Cockram, M. S.

    Scan samples of the postural, eating and drinking behaviours of 92 groups of cattle, and focal samples of the eating and drinking behaviour of 378 individuals, were made during the initial 3 h in a commercial slaughterhouse lairage. Cattle which arrived from markets spent more time drinking and...

  5. Effects of protective gates at concentrate feed stations on behaviour and production in dairy cows: a brief note

    | Contributor(s):: Herlin, A. H., Frank, B.

    Concentrate feed stations for dairy cows improve feeding management allowing frequent individual feeding. Concentrates are highly valued by cows and then a cause for competition and aggression. The production and cow welfare may be compromised because of frequent displacements of cows visiting...

  6. Gestating sows prefer concentrate diets to high-fibre diet in two-choice tests

    | Contributor(s):: Guillemet, R., Comyn, S., Dourmad, J. Y., Meunier-Salaun, M. C.

    The supply of dietary fibre during gestation has been shown to improve the welfare of sows by reducing the expression of stereotypies that are commonly associated with a high feeding motivation in restricted-fed sows. The supply of preferred feeds can also contribute to the satisfaction of...

  7. Selection and acceptance of flavours in concentrate diets for stabled horses

    | Contributor(s):: Goodwin, D., Davidson, H. P. B., Harris, P.

  8. Sensory varieties in concentrate diets for stabled horses: effects on behaviour and selection

    | Contributor(s):: Goodwin, D., Davidson, H. P. B., Harris, P.

    There is little published information about feeding behaviour of horses presented with concentrate diets and whether restricted variety affects foraging behaviour on concentrate diets is currently unclear. This study investigated the effects of sensory variety on diet selection and behaviour of...

  9. The activity and straw directed behaviour of pigs offered foods with different crude protein content

    | Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B., Kyriazakis, I., Lawrence, A. B.

    Large White X Landrace female pigs, 9-11 weeks old and 31.6 - 36.5 kg, were individually penned and fresh straw was provided daily. The pigs were fed ad libitum a feed with crude protein CP 122 (L), 206 (M) or 240 (H) g/kg fresh feed, but similar levels of digestible energy content, or 2 feeds (L...

  10. Behaviour of parturient Australian bush goats. I. Doe behaviour and kid vigour

    | Contributor(s):: Allan, C. J., Holst, P. J., Hinch, G. N.

    The behaviour of multiparous does around parturition and the subsequent vigour of the kids were observed in 153 Australian bush goats supplemented with 1 of 3 levels of protein at kidding. Supplementation commenced 142 days after introduction of entire bucks and continued for 17 days. Does kidded...

  11. Daily selection of feeding areas by cattle in homogeneous and heterogeneous environments

    | Contributor(s):: Bailey, D. W.

    Plots containing 3 heterogeneous patches that varied in forage quality and quantity, and plots containing 3 homogeneous patches were grazed by yearling steers in a 2-part study. During the 1st trial, steers selected patches from a central decision area, and fences divided the patches. During the...

  12. Feeding behaviour of yaks on spring, transitional, summer and winter pasture in the alpine region of the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau

    | Contributor(s):: Ding, LuMing, Long, RuiJun, Shang, ZhanHuan, Wang, ChangTing, Yang, YuHai, Xu, SongHe

    Of the present estimated world population of 14.2 million yaks, approximately 13.3 million occur within Chinese territories (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2003). Although there is an extensive bibliography covering the species, few studies have been conducted in the...

  13. Foraging in a heterogeneous environment - an experimental study of the trade-off between intake rate and diet quality

    | Contributor(s):: Edouard, N., Duncan, P., Dumont, B., Baumont, R., Fleurance, G.

    Among the factors determining the choice of feeding sites by herbivores, the rate of intake of net energy and nutrients is a major one. For grazers, patches of tall grasses are ingested faster, but are digested less fully because of their high fibre contents; conversely, short grass is highly...

  14. The effect of dietary protein content on aggression and hyperactivity in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Dodman, N. H., Reisner, I., Shuster, L., Rand, W., Leuscher, U. A., Robinson, I., Houpt, K. A.

  15. The short-term effects of increasing meal frequency on stereotypic behaviour of stabled horses

    | Contributor(s):: Cooper, J. J., McAll, N., Johnson, S., Davidson, H. P. B.

    In this study, we investigated the effect of increasing the number of meals of concentrate (whilst maintaining the same daily intake) on the behaviour of stabled horses with particular reference to stereotypic activities. The study was carried out on a working equestrian yard with stables for up...

  16. Assessment of welfare and productive performance in dairy cows organically reared in plains or hilly areas

    | Contributor(s):: Martelli, G., Valla, H., Bucci, D., Zaghini, G., Vignola, G., Sardi, L.

    The aim of this study was to investigate several production parameters and the level of welfare of organic dairy cows kept in two different geographical and social contexts. The study group included 1,751 cows from 19 organic dairy farms, 11 of which were situated in hilly areas and 8 in plains...

  17. Perioperative stress response in dogs undergoing elective surgery: variations in behavioural, neuroendocrine, immune and acute phase responses

    | Contributor(s):: Siracusa, C., Manteca, X., Ceron, J., Martinez-Subiela, S., Cuenca, R., Lavin, S., Garcia, F., Pastor, J.

    The aim of this trial was to describe the behavioural, neuroendocrine, immune and acute phase stress responses in dogs undergoing elective surgery in normal, clinical practice conditions. Sixteen dogs were submitted to elective orchiectomy or ovariohysterectomy using a standardised surgical...

  18. The effect of method of tail docking on tail-biting behaviour and welfare of pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Bryer, P. J., Krebs, N., McGlone, J. J.

    The objective of this study was to explore the effects of tail docking and tail biting on pig welfare through an assessment of physiology and behaviour. In experiment 1, piglets were either tail docked using hot cautery iron (CAUT), blunt trauma cutters (BT), or their tails were left intact...