Pet therapy - a new concept in human health care
Contributor(s):: Utpal, Das, Basudeb, Mukherjee
The use of animal assisted therapy or pet therapy in human health care is presented. The beneficial effects of pets on human behaviour are discussed. Focus is given to one of the most common pets of man, the dog.
Special Issue: Behavior and cognition of dogs. (Special Issue: Behavior and cognition of dogs.)
This special issue contains 9 papers on dog behaviour, with emphasis on their cognitive skills and interaction with humans.
The contributions of psychology to a knowledge of farm animal behaviour
Contributor(s):: Kilgour, R.
Cognition, motivation, emotion and action: a dynamic and vulnerable interdependence
Contributor(s):: Toates, F.
A model of the interactive processes of cognition, motivation, emotion and action selection is proposed. Building on earlier theoretical models, it is argued that behaviour is determined by a combination of 'on-line' direct controls and 'off-line' cognitive controls. These result in different...
Papers from the 39th International Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE), Tokyo, Japan, August 2005
Contributor(s):: Sandilands, V., Petherick, C.
This special issue contains conference proceedings on the behaviour and welfare of domestic and zoo animals, Topics include the contribution of animal psychology to welfare; assessment of animal welfare in a veterinary context; identification of dog welfare issues in the USA, Japan, Czech...
Awareness in domesticated animals - concepts and definitions
Contributor(s):: Piggins, D., Phillips, C. J. C.
Onset of sentience: the potential for suffering in fetal and newborn farm animals
Contributor(s):: Mellor, D. J., Diesch, T. J.
Sentience and consciousness are prerequisites of suffering. Thus, animals must have sufficiently sophisticated neural mechanisms to receive sensory information and to transduce this information into sensations, and they must also be conscious to be able to perceive those sensations. Moreover,...
The nature and strength of social motivations in young farmed silver fox vixens ( Vulpes vulpes )
Contributor(s):: Hovland, A. L., Mason, G. J., Kirkden, R. D., Bakken, M.
To investigate the strength of social motivation and the motives underlying social contact in farmed silver foxes (Vulpes vulpes), we housed six young vixens continuously in a closed economy operant apparatus and measured their 'maximum price paid' when required to perform a task to obtain...
Using preference, motivation and aversion tests to ask scientific questions about animals' feelings
Contributor(s):: Kirkden, R. D., Pajor, E. A.
The past 30 years has seen an increased willingness for scientists to assess the subjective experiences of animals. There are good reasons to believe that domesticated animals are sentient beings, capable of having feelings. The study of feelings is central to the assessment of animal welfare....
The changing concept of animal sentience
Contributor(s):: Duncan, I. J. H.
A brief history of the concept of sentience is given. It is pointed out that the idea of sentience, at least in the mammals and birds, was accepted by lay people by the time of the Renaissance and before it was acknowledged by philosophers. It was not until the Enlightenment of the 18th century...
The evolution of morality
Contributor(s):: Broom, D. M.
Complex animal societies are most successful if members minimise harms caused to one another and if collaboration occurs. In order to promote this, a moral structure inevitably develops. Hence, morality has evolved in humans and in many other species. The attitudes which people have towards other...
Through animal eyes: what behaviour tells us
Contributor(s):: Dawkins, M. S.
To Charles Darwin, it was obvious that animals are sentient, so why should the idea not be now universally accepted? I review the difficulties and issues with animal sentience with a view to answering some of the critics. Sentience is 'the hard problem' and it is important we acknowledge the...
The impact of pets on human health and psychological well-being: Fact, fiction, or hypothesis?
| Contributor(s):: Harold Herzog
Because of extensive media coverage, it is now widely believed that pets enhance their owners' health, sense of psychologicalwell-being, and longevity. But while some researchers have reported that positive effects accrue from interacting with animals,others have found that the health and...
A longitudinal test of the belief that companion animal ownership can help reduce loneliness
| Contributor(s):: Gilbey, A., McNicholas, J., Collis, G. M.
The widely held belief that companion animal ownership can help to reduce loneliness was tested using a quasi-experimental longitudinal design. Over a six-month period, 59 participants completed the UCLA-Loneliness Scale when they were seeking to acquire a companion animal. Participants'...
Advances in the study of the relationship between children and their pet dogs
| Contributor(s):: Filiatre, J. C., Millot, J. L., Montagner, H., Eckerlin, A., Gagnon, A. C.
We report in this paper data from research carried out in two fields: 1. the study of the characteristics and mechanisms of the spontaneous child-dog interactions and communications in a familiar setting, home and immediate surroundings, for both individuals, and 2. an experimental analysis of...
Availability of and involvement with pets by children: determinants and correlates
| Contributor(s):: Melson, F. G.
Determinants of pet ownership and involvement with pets by children from preschool age to preadolescence were assessed from reports of 707 parents. The relationship between pet ownership and involvement with pets and involvement in leisure and work activities by children was also examined. Child...
Biophilia in animal-assisted interventions - fad or fact?
| Contributor(s):: Joye, Y.
Biophilia is commonly defined as the inborn predisposition to affiliate with, or to attend to, natural or natural-like elements and processes. In this paper, I explore whether there is sufficient reason to conclude that the therapeutic or ameliorative effects of animal-assisted interventions...
Case studies of adults receiving horse-riding therapy
| Contributor(s):: Burgon, H.
The purpose of this study was to examine the psychotherapeutic effect of riding therapy (RT) on a group of adult users of a social services mental health team in South Devon. The benefits of animal-assisted therapy (AAT) and pet ownership on human health and well-being were well-documented....
Childhood origins of supernurturance: the social context of early humane behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Arluke, A.
The present study examined how strong humane inclinations in children are shaped and encouraged through interactions with human and non-human animals. Ethnographic interviews were conducted with 30 supernurturing children and 30 parents attending a pre-veterinary summer camp operated by an...
Companion animals and other factors affecting young childrens development
| Contributor(s):: Poresky, R. H.
This study focuses on three factors presumed to affect young children's development: their age, the quality of their home environments, and the child-pet relationship. Three sets of analyses are presented: effects associated with pet ownership (pet presence), effects associated with the strength...