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  1. Public perceptions of the ethics of in-vitro meat: determining an appropriate course of action

    Contributor(s):: Laestadius, L. I.

    While in vitro animal meat (IVM) is not yet commercially available, the public has already begun to form opinions of IVM as a result of news stories and events drawing attention to its development. As such, we can discern public perceptions of the ethics of IVM before its commercial release. This...

  2. Understanding animal companion surplus in the United States: relinquishment of nonadoptables to animal shelters for euthanasia

    Contributor(s):: Kass, P. H., New, J. C., Jr., Scarlett, J. M., Salman, M. D.

    Relinquishing a nonhuman animal to a shelter is a complex decision that, it is often believed, ultimately may represent a breakdown of the human-animal bond. The result of such a breakdown is an animal companion surplus in the United States, which is no better evidenced than by the statistics...

  3. The paradox of E-numbers: ethical, aesthetic, and cultural concerns in the Dutch discourse on food additives

    Contributor(s):: Haen, D.

    Persistent public distrust of food additives is often explained in terms of safety and health issues. The broad variety of ethical, aesthetic, and cultural concerns tends to be structurally ignored by food engineers and occasionally even by consumers themselves. The public controversy of food...

  4. Attitudes towards catch-and-release recreational angling, angling practices and perceptions of pain and welfare in fish in New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Muir, R., Keown, A. J., Adams, N. J., Farnworth, M. J.

    Although there is still some debate regarding whether fish have the capacity to feel pain, recent scientific research seems to support the notion that fish can indeed suffer. However, the continued scientific discourse has led to questions regarding how members of the public perceive issues of...

  5. A social contract for biotechnology: shared visions for risky technologies? (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Bruce, D. M.

    Future technological developments concerning food, agriculture, and the environment face the conflict of social legitimation from a skeptical public and media, in the wake of the crises of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, genetic modified (GM) food, and foot and mouth disease in the UK. Key...

  6. Are scientists right and non-scientists wrong? Reflections on discussions of GM

    Contributor(s):: Deckers, J.

    This paper furthers the understanding of the view that genetic modification (GM) is unnatural, and of the critical response to this view. While many people have been reported to hold the view that GM is unnatural, many policy-makers and their advisors have suggested that the view must be ignored...

  7. Citizens' views on farm animal welfare and related information provision: exploratory insights from Flanders, Belgium

    Contributor(s):: Vanhonacker, F., Poucke, E. van, Tuyttens, F., Verbeke, W.

    The results of two independent empirical studies with Flemish citizens were combined to address the problem of a short fall of information provision about higher welfare products. The research objectives were (1) to improve our understanding of how citizens conceptualize farm animal welfare, (2)...

  8. Democracy at its best? The consensus conference in a cross-national perspective. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)

    Contributor(s):: Nielsen, A. P., Lassen, J., Sandoe, P.

    Over recent decades, public participation in technology assessment has spread internationally as an attempt to overcome or prevent societal conflicts over controversial technologies. One outcome of this new surge in public consultation initiatives has been the increased use of participatory...

  9. Environmental ethics beyond principle? The case for a pragmatic contextualism

    Contributor(s):: Minteer, B. A., Corley, E. A., Manning, R. E.

    Many non-anthropocentric environmental ethicists subscribe to a "principle-ist" approach to moral argument, whereby specific natural resource and environmental policy judgments are deduced from the prior articulation of a general moral principle. More often than not, this principle is one...

  10. Ethics of sustainable development - a study of Swedish regulations for genetically modified organisms

    Contributor(s):: Karlsson, M.

    In spite of stricter provisions in the new EU directive on deliberate release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), critics still advocate a moratorium on permits for cultivation of GMOs. However, in an attempt to meet concerns raised by the public, the directive explicitly gives Member...

  11. Risk of public disclosure in environmental farm plan programs: characteristics and mitigating legal and policy strategies

    Contributor(s):: Yiridoe, E. K.

    Although various studies have shown that farmers believe there is the need for a producer-led initiative to address the environmental problems from agriculture, farmers in several Canadian provinces have been reluctant to widely participate in Environmental Farm Plan (EFP) programmes. Few studies...

  12. Social acceptance of dairy farming: the ambivalence between the two faces of modernity

    Contributor(s):: Boogaard, B. K., Bock, B. B., Oosting, S. J., Wiskerke, J. S. C., Zijpp, A. J. van D.

    Society's relationship with modern animal farming is an ambivalent one: on the one hand there is rising criticism about modern animal farming; on the other hand people appreciate certain aspects of it, such as increased food safety and low food prices. This ambivalence reflects the two faces of...

  13. The "revolving door" between regulatory agencies and industry: a problem that requires reconceptualizing objectivity

    Contributor(s):: Meghani, Z., Kuzma, J.

    There is a "revolving door" between federal agencies and the industries regulated by them. Often, at the end of their industry tenure, key industry personnel seek employment in government regulatory entities and vice versa. The flow of workers between the two sectors could bring about good....

  14. The concept of farm animal welfare: citizen perceptions and stakeholder opinion in Flanders, Belgium

    Contributor(s):: Vanhonacker, F., Verbeke, W., Poucke, E. van, Pieniak, Z., Nijs, G., Tuyttens, F.

    Several attempts to conceptualize farm animal welfare have been criticized for diverging reasons, among them often the failure to incorporate the public concern and opinion. This paper's objective is to develop a conception of farm animal welfare that starts from the public's perception and...

  15. Understanding the scope of farmer perceptions of risk: considering farmer opinions on the use of genetically modified (GM) crops as a stakeholder voice in policy

    Contributor(s):: Guehlstorf, N. P.

    This study explores the relationship of farmer attitudes and GM agriculture. A survey was conducted on 200 farmer adopters and non-adopters of GM crops within the counties of Madison, Macoupin, Jersey and Feyette in Illinois, USA on the perception of risk in relation to GM food production and...

  16. A survey of public opinion on the actual condition and the requirement for animal assisted relaxation activity: the significance of future Animal Assisted Activity (AAA) and Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT)

    Contributor(s):: Narita, T., Kiyama, M., Kawakami, T., Choi, HyoungRak, Hayasaki, M.

    Questionnaires were sent out to 84 veterinary clinics and 792 public homes and services for the aged and/or the handicapped and day care centres for the elderly in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan [date not given], to determine the public opinion on animal-assisted activity and therapy. The responses...

  17. BSE in the UK: why the risk communication strategy failed. (Special issue: Farm animal diseases in context)

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, K. K.

    The 2000 BSE Inquiry report points out that the most serious failure of the UK Government was one of risk communication. This paper argues that the government's failure to communicate the risks BSE posed to humans to a large degree can be traced back to a lack of transparency in the first risk...

  18. Farmers' relationship with different animals: the importance of getting close to the animals - case studies of French, Swedish and Dutch cattle, pig and poultry farmers. (Special issue: Competing discourses of farm animal welfare and agri-food restru

    Contributor(s):: Bock, B. B., Huik, M. M. van, Prutzer, M., Eveillard, F. K., Dockes, A.

    This article seeks to provide a deeper understanding of the factors that influence farmers' relations with animals and focuses on the relevance of sector (e.g. beef or dairy cattle), animal species, housing systems and any national differences. It seeks to draw out how the relationship between...

  19. Risk communication, value judgments, and the public-policy maker relationship in a climate of public sensitivity toward animals: revisiting Britain's foot and mouth crisis. (Special issue: Farm animal diseases in context)

    Contributor(s):: Anthony, R.

    This paper offers some suggestions on, and encouragement for, how to be better at risk communication in times of agricultural crisis. During the foot and mouth epizootic, the British public, having no precedent to deal with such a rapid and widespread epizootic, no existing rules or conventions,...

  20. Homelessness and dog ownership: an investigation into animal empathy, attachment, crime, drug use, health and public opinion

    Contributor(s):: Taylor, H., Williams, P., Gray, D.

    A sample of 51 homeless people in Cambridge, UK completed a questionnaire featuring adapted Animal Empathy and Companion Animal Bonding Scales. Concepts of crime, drug use, and health matters amongst the homeless, both dog owning and non-dog owning, were investigated, as well. Ninety members of...