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  1. The Blood and Muscle Expression Pattern of the Equine TCAP Gene during the Race Track Training of Arabian Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Monika Stefaniuk-Szmukier, Tomasz Szmatoła, Joanna Łatka, Bogusława Długosz, Katarzyna Ropka-Molik

    Horse musculature has been shaped through evolution by environmental and human factors, which has resulted in several extraordinary adaptations to physical effort. Skeletal muscle plasticity results from the response to mechanical stimulation causing hypertrophy, where sarcomeres increase the...

  2. Living the 'Best Life' or 'One Size Fits All'—Stakeholder Perceptions of Racehorse Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Deborah Butler, Mathilde Valenchon, Rachel Annan, Helen R. Whay, Siobhan Mullan

    The purpose of the study was to explore the perceptions held by British racing industry stakeholders of factors influencing racehorse welfare. Ten focus groups were held across the UK with a total of 42 stakeholders from a range of roles within racehorse care including trainers, stable staff...

  3. Track Surfaces Used for Ridden Workouts and Alternatives to Ridden Exercise for Thoroughbred Horses in Race Training

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ashleigh V. Morrice-West, Peta L. Hitchens, Elizabeth A. Walmsley, R. Chris Whitton

    Little is known about the types of surfaces used during training of Thoroughbred racehorses or methods of exercise used in addition to ridden track-work. Our aims were to (1) describe the types of surfaces used in the training of Thoroughbred racehorses and to (2) identify alternative...

  4. The Effect of Training on Stride Duration in a Cohort of Two-Year-Old and Three-Year-Old Thoroughbred Racehorses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rebecca S. V. Parkes, Renate Weller, Thilo Pfau, Thomas H. Witte

    Objective gait monitoring is increasingly accessible to trainers. A more comprehensive understanding of ‘normal’ gait adaptations is required. Forty two-year-old thoroughbred racehorses were recruited when entering training and followed for 22 months. Gait analysis was performed by...

  5. Stakeholder Perceptions of the Challenges to Racehorse Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Deborah Butler, Mathilde Valenchon, Rachel Annan, Helen R. Whay, Siobhan Mullan

    The purpose of this paper is to highlight some of the key challenges to racehorse welfare as perceived by racing industry stakeholders. The paper draws upon statements and transcripts from 10 focus group discussions with 42 participants who were taking part in a larger study investigating...

  6. Radiographic Identification of Osseous Cyst- Like Lesions in the Distal Phalanx in 22 Lame Thoroughbred Horses Managed Conservatively and Their Racing Performance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Vanessa G. Peter, Thomas A. O'Keeffe, Lewis C. R. Smith, Daniela Schweizer-Gorgas

    Reasons for performing study: To investigate the racing performance of Thoroughbred horses with osseous cyst-like lesions (OCLLs) in the distal phalanx causing lameness and treated conservatively. Objectives: To assess horses’ ability to race and perform after radiographic identification...

  7. Epidemiology of Musculoskeletal Injury during Racing on New Zealand Racetracks 2005–2011

    | Contributor(s):: Charlotte Bolwell, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee, Wayne Mcllwraith

    There is currently limited information on the types, or risk, of injuries occurring for horses racing in flat races in New Zealand. Race reports and records from six racing seasons were used to determine the reasons why horses failed to finish a race. In total, 544 horses failed to complete a...

  8. Changing human-animal relationships in sport: an analysis of the UK and Australian horse racing whips debates

    | Contributor(s):: Graham, R., McManus, P.

    Changing social values and new technologies have contributed to increasing media attention and debate about the acceptable use of animals in sport. This paper focuses on the use of the whip in thoroughbred horse racing. Those who defend its use argue it is a necessary tool needed for safety,...

  9. Speed index in the racing quarter horse: a genome-wide association study

    | Contributor(s):: Camila Tangari Meira, Marina R. S. Fortes, Michel Marques Farah, Laercio R. Porto-Neto, Matthew Kelly, Stephen S. Moore, Guilherme L. Pereira, Luis Artur Loyola Chardulo, Rogerio Abdallah Curi

    The racing line of Quarter Horses is characterized by great sprinting speed over short distances on straight tracks. To perform selection on racing horses, the speed index (SI) and conformation traits are often used. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) on 112 racing Quarter Horses was...

  10. Analysis of Failure to Finish a Race in a Cohort of Thoroughbred Racehorses in New Zealand

    | Contributor(s):: Jasmine Tanner, Chris Rogers, Charlotte Bolwell, Naomi Cogger, Erica Gee, Wayne McIlwraith

    The objective was to describe the incidence of failure to finish a race in flat-racing Thoroughbreds in New Zealand as these are summary indicators of falls, injuries and poor performance. Retrospective data on six complete flat racing seasons (n = 188,615 race starts) of all Thoroughbred flat...

  11. Think like an animal: Hector Libre at TEDxSanIsidro

    | Contributor(s):: Hector Libre

    His talk shares his extensive knowledge and intuition about horses, his career as a jockey and his experience as director and professor of the school of Jockeys learners JC of San Isidro where in a few years, from 2004 graduates have won 8573 races at racetracks Palermo, San Isidro and La...

  12. Health problems and risk factors associated with long haul transport of horses in Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Padalino, B., Hall, E., Raidal, S., Celi, P., Knight, P., Jeffcott, L., Muscatello, G.

    Equine transportation is associated with a variety of serious health disorders causing economic losses. However; statistics on horse transport are limited and epidemiological data on transport related diseases are available only for horses transported to abattoirs for slaughter. This study...

  13. Workplace injuries in Thoroughbred racing: an analysis of insurance payments and injuries amongst jockeys in Australia from 2002 to 2010

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Curry, B. A., Hitchens, P. L., Otahal, P., Si, Lei, Palmer, A. J.

    Background: There is no comprehensive study of the costs of horse-related workplace injuries to Australian Thoroughbred racing jockeys. Objectives: To analyse the characteristics of insurance payments and horse-related workplace injuries to Australian jockeys during Thoroughbred racing or...

  14. A cross-sectional epidemiological study of prevalence and severity of bit-induced oral trauma in polo ponies and race horses

    | Contributor(s):: Mata, F., Johnson, C., Bishop, C.

    Bit and bridle accessories improperly fitted in ridden horses can cause oral trauma such as bone spurs, commissure ulceration, and tongue lacerations. This study was used to identify, grade, and compare the types of oral traumas commonly found within polo ponies and race horses. Injuries were...

  15. Show horse welfare: evaluating stock-type show horse industry legitimacy

    | Contributor(s):: Voigt, M., Russell, M., Hiney, K., Richardson, J., Borron, A., Brady, C.

    The purpose of this paper is to use the Social Cognitive Theory and its moral disengagement framework to emphasize the need for stock-type horse associations to minimize potential and actual threats to their legitimacy in an effort to maintain and strengthen self-regulating governance,...

  16. EIPH in Race Horses

    | Contributor(s):: Helma Weeks

  17. "Riding up forested mountain sides, in wide open spaces, and with walls": developing an ecology of horse-human relationships

    | Contributor(s):: Davis, D., Maurstad, A., Cowles, S.

  18. Melville’s Billy Budd

    | Contributor(s):: Monteiro, George

  19. Off to the Races

    | Contributor(s):: Eisenberg, John

  20. Ethische Aspekte der physischen und der psychischen Belastung des Pferdes durch dessen reiterliche Nutzung

    | Contributor(s):: Meyer, H.