"Riding up forested mountain sides, in wide open spaces, and with walls": developing an ecology of horse-human relationships
Contributor(s):: Davis, D., Maurstad, A., Cowles, S.
A cross-sectional epidemiological study of prevalence and severity of bit-induced oral trauma in polo ponies and race horses
Contributor(s):: Mata, F., Johnson, C., Bishop, C.
Bit and bridle accessories improperly fitted in ridden horses can cause oral trauma such as bone spurs, commissure ulceration, and tongue lacerations. This study was used to identify, grade, and compare the types of oral traumas commonly found within polo ponies and race horses. Injuries were...
A nonnatural head-neck position ( Rollkur ) during training results in less acute stress in elite, trained, dressage horses
Contributor(s):: Breda, E. van
This study measured parameters of stress in recreational, trained horses (REC; n=7) and elite (International Grand Prix level) trained, dressage horses (DRES; n=5). The training of the DRES horses uses an unnatural head-neck position (Rollkur), whereas in the REC horses such training techniques...
A preliminary study of the effects of handling type on horses' emotional reactivity and the human-horse relationship
Contributor(s):: Fureix, C., Pages, M., Bon, R., Lassalle, J. M., Kuntz, P., Gonzalez, G.
Accompanying pre-weaned Thoroughbred ( Equus caballus ) foals while separated from the mare during covering reduces behavioural signs of distress exhibited
Contributor(s):: McGee, S., Smith, H. V.
Some Thoroughbred stallion farms separate the mare from the foal during breeding, leaving the foal alone in its stall. Such separation often leads to distress in the foal, as evidenced by behavioural indicators such as vocalisations, pacing or moving about, pawing and striking the body against...
Analysis of exterior indices of Polish konik horses from preservation breeding centres and used in hippotherapy
Contributor(s):: Pasicka, E., Oedenberg, H. G. de
Analysis of Failure to Finish a Race in a Cohort of Thoroughbred Racehorses in New Zealand
Contributor(s):: Jasmine Tanner, Chris Rogers, Charlotte Bolwell, Naomi Cogger, Erica Gee, Wayne McIlwraith
The objective was to describe the incidence of failure to finish a race in flat-racing Thoroughbreds in New Zealand as these are summary indicators of falls, injuries and poor performance. Retrospective data on six complete flat racing seasons (n = 188,615 race starts) of all Thoroughbred flat...
Application of Qualitative Behavioural Assessment to horses during an endurance ride
Contributor(s):: Fleming, P. A., Paisley, C. L., Barnes, A. L., Wemelsfelder, F.
Assessment of equine temperament by a questionnaire survey to caretakers and evaluation of its reliability by simultaneous behavior test
Contributor(s):: Momozawa, Y., Ono, T., Sato, F., Kikusui, T., Takeuchi, Y., Mori, Y., Kusunose, R.
We carried out a questionnaire survey of the caretakers, using 86 riding horses kept in the Equestrian Park, Tokyo (Japan Racing Association). The questionnaire survey used a 5-point scale and a 3-point scale to assess several caretakers' impressions of each horse's temperament, on the basis of...
Assessment of equine temperament questionnaire by comparing factor structure between two separate surveys
Contributor(s):: Momozawa, Y., Kusunose, R., Kikusui, T., Takeuchi, Y., Mori, Y.
To establish a method for assessing equine temperament by use of a questionnaire, we carried out two surveys. The subject animals were all thoroughbreds maintained at the same farm. Respondents were the primary caretaker and two colleagues working with each horse. Factor analysis was performed on...
AVMA animal welfare forum: equine welfare, 8 December 1999, Albuquerque, New Mexico
Ten papers submitted by speakers at the 1999 AVMA Animal Welfare Forum, presented in partnership with the American Association of Equine Practitioners, have been published in this issue of JAVMA. The papers are entitled: The revolution in horsemanship; Equine welfare and emerging social ethics;...
Changing human-animal relationships in sport: an analysis of the UK and Australian horse racing whips debates
Contributor(s):: Graham, R., McManus, P.
Changing social values and new technologies have contributed to increasing media attention and debate about the acceptable use of animals in sport. This paper focuses on the use of the whip in thoroughbred horse racing. Those who defend its use argue it is a necessary tool needed for safety,...
Characteristics of adopted thoroughbred racehorses in second careers
Contributor(s):: Stowe, C. J., Kibler, M. L.
The unwanted horse issue continues to be a major concern in the U.S. equine industry. Nonprofit organizations dedicated to rescuing, retraining, and rehoming unwanted horses are critical in minimizing this problem. This study utilized data collected nationwide from organizations that provide...
Differences in motor laterality between breeds of performance horse
Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Thomson, P. C.
This study examined the relationship between motor laterality in horses bred for different types of work and therefore different temperaments. Foreleg preference during grazing was measured in three populations of domestic horse, Thoroughbreds (TB, bred to race at the gallop), Standardbreds (SB,...
Don't fence me in: managing psychological well being for elite performance horses
Contributor(s):: Henderson, A. J. Z.
This article posits that stereotypical behavior patterns and the overall psychological well being of today's performance horse could be substantially enhanced with care that acknowledges the relationship between domesticated horses and their forerunners. Feral horses typically roam in stable,...
Effect of classic massage therapy on the heart rate of horses working in hippotherapy. Case study
Contributor(s):: Lojek, J., Lojek, A., Soborska, J.
The objective of this study was determine the effect of classical massage therapy on heart rate in horses working in hippotherapy. We hypothesised that massage can be used to improve the horse's welfare, because it mentally relaxes the horse. The relationship between variables were examined to...
Effects of transport on the behaviour and heart rates of Thoroughbred horses
Contributor(s):: Waran, N. K., Singh, N., Robertson, V., Cuddeford, D., Marlin, D.
EIPH in Race Horses
Contributor(s):: Helma Weeks
Epidemiology of Musculoskeletal Injury during Racing on New Zealand Racetracks 2005–2011
Contributor(s):: Charlotte Bolwell, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee, Wayne Mcllwraith
There is currently limited information on the types, or risk, of injuries occurring for horses racing in flat races in New Zealand. Race reports and records from six racing seasons were used to determine the reasons why horses failed to finish a race. In total, 544 horses failed to complete a...
Equine learning behaviour. (Special Issue: Equine learning behaviour.)
Contributor(s):: Murphy, J., Arkins, S.