Vulnerable articulations: the opportunities and challenges of illness and recovery
Contributor(s):: Trundle, C., Gibson, H., Bell, L.
Determination of residue levels of alpha-chloralose in duck tissues
Contributor(s):: Goldade, David A., Stahl, Randal S., Johnston, John J.
Evaluation of rhodamine B as a biomarker for raccoons
Contributor(s):: Fry, T. L., Atwood, T., Dunbar, M. R.
The effects of radar on avian behavior: implications for wildlife management at airports
Contributor(s):: Sheridan, E., Randolet, J., DeVault, T. L., Seamans, T. W., Blackwell, B. F., Fernandez-Juricic, E.
Airports often contain foraging, breeding, and roosting resources for wildlife. Airports also have different types of radars to assist with air traffic control, monitoring weather, and tracking wildlife that could become a risk for collision with aircraft. The effect of radar electromagnetic...
Potential welfare impacts of kill-trapping European moles ( Talpa europaea) using scissor traps and duffus traps: a post mortem examination study
Contributor(s):: Baker, S. E., Shaw, R. F., Atkinson, R. P. D., West, P., Macdonald, D. W.
Moles are widely trapped as pests on farms and amenity land in Britain. Spring traps for killing mammals generally require welfare approval in the UK, but mole traps are exempt. Previous research demonstrated wide variation in the mechanical performance of mole traps. In this context, we aimed to...
Beneficial effects of animal assisted visits on quality of life during multi-modal radiation therapy–chemotherapy regimens.
Contributor(s):: Fleishman, Stewart, Homel, Peter, Rosenwald, Victoria, Chen, Maurice, Abolencia, Victoria, Gerber, Juliet, Nadesan, Sanjay
Clinical Trial Shows Benefits of Animal-Assisted Therapy in Adult Cancer Patients Undergoing Complex Cancer Treatment with Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy
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Therapy dogs may improve the emotional well-being of some cancer patients, according to results of a clinical study, the first to document the benefits of animal-assisted therapy in adult cancer...
Shedding ultraviolet light on welfare in laboratory rodents: suggestions for further research and refinement
Contributor(s):: Sorensen, D. B.
The welfare of laboratory rats and mice is sought to be optimised through adjustment of a variety of environmental factors, including light intensity and photoperiodicity. However, the fact that rodents are able to perceive ultraviolet (UV) light tends to be ignored. The importance of being able...
Electromagnetic induction of insensibility in animals: a review
Contributor(s):: Small, A., McLean, D., Owen, J. S., Ralph, J.
The risk profile of childhood leukaemia in Greece: a nationwide case-control study
Contributor(s):: Petridou, E., Trichopoulos, D., Kalapothaki, V., Pourtsidis, A., Kogevinas, M., Kalmanti, M., Koliouskas, D., Kosmidis, H., Panagiotou, J. P., Piperopoulou, F., Tzortzatou, F.
Chronic neurophysiological and anatomical changes associated with infrared beak treatment and their implications for laying hen welfare
Contributor(s):: McKeegan, D. E. F., Philbey, A. W.
Dairy cows prefer shade that offers greater protection against solar radiation in summer: shade use, behaviour, and body temperature
Contributor(s):: Schutz, K. E., Rogers, A. R., Cox, N. R., Tucker, C. B.
There is considerable evidence that shade is a valuable resource for cattle in summer, but less is known about the important design features of effective shade. The aim of this experiment was to investigate if lactating dairy cows have a preference for shade that offers greater protection against...
How important is shade to dairy cattle? Choice between shade or lying following different levels of lying deprivation
Contributor(s):: Schutz, K. E., Cox, N. R., Matthews, L. R.
Provision of shade to dairy cattle in summer can alleviate negative effects of heat stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the relative importance of shade to lactating dairy cows in different ambient weather conditions in summer. The motivation to use shade was compared to the...
Turkeys prefer fluorescent light with supplementary ultraviolet radiation
Contributor(s):: Moinard, C., Sherwin, C. M.
30 male Big 6 turkeys were reared in a room lit by a compact fluorescent lamp (15 lux) or a similar lamp and a supplementary ultraviolet radiation (UV) source (160 W, 365 nm peak emission) from 1 day of age. At 6, 7, 9, 10, 12 and 13 weeks of age, turkeys were subjected to a choice test. In each...
Effect of solar radiation on dairy cattle behaviour, use of shade and body temperature in a pasture-based system
| Contributor(s):: Tucker, C. B., Rogers, A. R., Schutz, K. E.
Our aim was to understand how protection from solar radiation influenced the behaviour and physiology of Holstein Friesian dairy cattle. We compared the behaviour and body temperature of pastured dairy cattle kept in 1 of 4 treatments: no shade or free access to shade that blocked either 25, 50...
Over-sized pellets naturalize foraging time of captive Orange-winged Amazon parrots ( Amazona amazonica )
| Contributor(s):: Rozek, J. C., Danner, L. M., Stucky, P. A., Millam, J. R.
Parrots held in captivity experience distinctly different environmental demands, as compared to their wild conspecifics, particularly in regard to feeding. Cages equipped with computer-monitored infra-red beams (placed across a primary perch, in front of the feeder, in front of the drinking...
Time spent in shade and its relationship with physiological factors of thermoregulation in three breeds of cattle
| Contributor(s):: Bennett, I. L., Finch, V. A., Holmes, C. R.
Six Brahman, 6 Shorthorn and 6 Brahman X Hereford X Shorthorn steers were kept in a yard which consisted of 4 areas exposed to direct sunlight and 3 shaded areas covered by canopies which reduced the transmission of direct solar radiation by 50, 70 and 80% (low-, medium- and high-shade areas...
A note on variations in pig blood temperature measured at exsanguination
| Contributor(s):: Brown, S. N., Knowles, T. G., Wilkins, L. J., Pope, S. J., Kettlewell, P. J., Chadd, S. A., Warriss, P. D.
This study investigated the temperature of pigs' blood as it flowed from the sticking wound at exsanguination using infra-red thermometry and how it might reflect changes in core body temperature. A total of 417 pigs were monitored over a three-day period, which included a subset of 206 pigs for...
Effect of supplementary ultraviolet lighting on the behaviour and corticosterone levels of Japanese quail chicks
| Contributor(s):: Smith, E. L., Greenwood, V. J., Goldsmith, A. R., Cuthill, I. C.
Most birds have visual sensitivity to ultraviolet (UV) wavelengths, and this sensitivity appears to play a role in their colour vision. Artificial lighting is normally deficient in UV wavelengths. Hence, there may be welfare implications for captive birds kept under such lighting. We investigated...