Validating methods to determine walking rates of elephants within a zoological institution
Contributor(s):: Miller, L. J., Andrews, J., Anderson, M.
Behaviour of badgers ( Meles meles ) in farm buildings: opportunities for the transmission of Mycobacterium bovis to cattle?
Contributor(s):: Tolhurst, B. A., Delahay, R. J., Walker, N. J., Ward, A. I., Roper, T. J.
Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) are implicated in the transmission of bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) to cattle. Here we investigate potential spatio-temporal foci of opportunities for contact between badgers and cattle in farm buildings. We discuss the relative occurrence of different...
The effects of surface type on lying behaviour and stress responses of dairy cows during periodic weather-induced removal from pasture
Contributor(s):: Fisher, A. D., Stewart, M., Verkerk, G. A., Morrow, C. J., Matthews, L. R.
In some dairy cow grazing systems, during wet weather, the cows are removed from the pasture to a separate area for most of the day, in order to minimize treading damage to the soil. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of four surfaces commonly used for this "stand-off"...
Effects of shelter and body condition on the behaviour and physiology of dairy cattle in winter
Contributor(s):: Tucker, C. B., Rogers, A. R., Verkerk, G. A., Kendall, P. E., Webster, J. R., Matthews, L. R.
Our objective was to understand how body condition and shelter affected behavioural and physiological responses of dairy cattle during winter weather. Twenty non-lactating dairy cows were divided into two groups of 10. Within each group, five animals had a high body condition score (9 out of 10)...
Effects of sire breed-grazing system and environmental parameters on the behaviour of beef calves just after birth
Contributor(s):: Ribeiro, A. R. B., Alencar, M. M. de, Costa, M. J. R. P. da, Negrao, J. A.
Effects of sire breed-grazing system and environmental factors on the first activities of high grade Nellore and crossbred Canchim x Nellore, Angus x Nellore, and Simmental x Nellore calves raised in intensive production systems and high grade Nellore calves raised in an extensive production...
Height to withers and abdominal circumference effects on diets of grazing goats
Contributor(s):: Mellado, M., Rodriguez, A., Villarreal, J. A., Lopez, R.
Diet selection in an arid rangeland of northern Mexico by short (height to withers 77 cm) multiparous non-pregnant, non-lactating does and the diets of multiparous non-pregnant, non-lactating does with reduced (101 cm) abdominal circumference is described from microhistological analysis of fecal...
The behaviour of free ranging pigs in the Mexican tropics and its relationships with human faeces consumption
Contributor(s):: Copado, F., Aluja, A. S. de, Mayagoitia, L., Galindo, F.
There is no information on how free ranging pigs in the Mexican tropics distribute their time during the day and how these time budgets relate to their age and social behaviour of the pigs. It is known that in these areas pigs consume human faeces, which constitutes a serious public health...
A review of mulesing and other methods to control flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep
Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C.
Flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep has the potential to have a major impact on the welfare of significant numbers of sheep worldwide, but particularly in Australia. The main control method used in Australia, the mulesing operation to remove folds of skin from the hindquarters of the sheep, is...
Assessment of welfare from physiological and behavioural responses of New Zealand dairy cows exposed to cold and wet conditions
Contributor(s):: Webster, J. R., Stewart, M., Rogers, A. R., Verkerk, G. A.
There is a need to assess the welfare of dairy cows that live outdoors under cold and wet conditions. This study combined a number of techniques to measure stress and make an assessment of welfare in this situation. Two groups often non-pregnant, non-lactating Holstein Friesian cows were exposed...
Effect of climatic conditions on the behaviour of adult ostriches ( Struthio camelus ) in Britain
Contributor(s):: Deeming, D. C.
This study recorded the frequency of behaviours of adult ostriches kept on a farm in Oxfordshire, UK, during the spring of 1996. Adult ostriches came from farmed flocks (originally from Namibia, Zimbabwe and Israel), were older than 3 years of age, in breeding condition and producing eggs. Nine...