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  1. A Meta-Analysis of Interventions to Reduce Loneliness

    Contributor(s):: Masi, C. M., Chen, H. Y., Hawkley, L. C., Cacioppo, J. T.

  2. A Novel Behavioral Intervention in Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Improves Glycemic Control: Preliminary Results From a Pilot Randomized Control Trial

    Contributor(s):: Maranda, Louise, Lau, May, Stewart, Sunita M., Gupta, Olga T.

  3. A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Psychosocial Outcomes

    Contributor(s):: Maujean, Annick, Pepping, Christopher A., Kendall, Elizabeth

    The use of animal-assisted interventions (aaIs) to achieve psychological benefits has expanded rapidly over the last few years. However, this is a vastly under-researched area, and the research to date has been largely descriptive, in the form of case studies, or has used only small groups of...

  4. An adjunctive human-animal interaction intervention for veterans with PTSD: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    Contributor(s):: Grubaugh, A. L., Myers, U. S., Keller, S. M., Wangelin, B. C., Lozano, B. E., Tuerk, P. W.

  5. An equine-assisted therapy intervention to improve pain, range of motion, and quality of life in adults and older adults with arthritis: A randomized controlled trial

    Contributor(s):: White-Lewis, S., Johnson, R., Ye, S., Russell, C.

  6. An illustration that statistical design mitigates environmental variation and ensures unambiguous study conclusions

    Contributor(s):: Gore, K. H., Stanley, P. J.

    This paper highlights the essential need for appropriate statistical design and randomisation in laboratory animal studies. Using an example of a 21 day weight gain study in mice, we show that without the use of an appropriate statistical design and randomisation, incorrect conclusions may have...

  7. Animal Visitation Program (AVP) Reduces Cortisol Levels of University Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patricia Pendry, Jaymie L. Vandagriff

    University students report high levels of stress. Although causal work is limited, one popular approach to promote stress relief is animal visitation programs (AVPs). We conducted a randomized trial (N = 249) examining effects of a 10-minute AVP on students’ salivary cortisol levels....

  8. Animal-assisted therapy for dementia

    | Contributor(s):: Lai, N. M., Chang, S. M. W., Ng, S. S., Tan, S. L., Chaiyakunapruk, N., Stanaway, F.

    BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic condition which progressively affects memory and other cognitive functions, social behaviour, and ability to carry out daily activities. To date, no treatment is clearly effective in preventing progression of the disease, and most treatments are symptomatic,...

  9. Animal-assisted therapy for schizophrenia and related disorders: A systematic review

    | Contributor(s):: Hawkins, E. L., Hawkins, R. D., Dennis, M., Williams, J. M., Lawrie, S. M.

  10. Animal-Assisted Therapy with Farm Animals for Persons with Psychiatric Disorders: Effects on Anxiety and Depression, a Randomized Controlled Trial

    | Contributor(s):: Berget, Bente, Ekeberg, Øivind, Pedersen, Ingeborg, Braastad, Bjarne O.

  11. Animal-assisted therapy with farm animals for persons with psychiatric disorders: effects on self-efficacy, coping ability and quality of life, a randomized controlled trial

    | Contributor(s):: Berget, B., Ekeberg, O., Braastad, B. O.

    Background: The benefits of Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT) for humans with mental disorders have been well-documented using cats and dogs, but there is a complete lack of controlled studies using farm animals as therapeutic agents for psychiatric patients. The study was developed in the context of...

  12. Children, parents, and pets exercising together (CPET) randomised controlled trial: study rationale, design, and methods

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yam, P. S., Morrison, R., Penpraze, V., Westgarth, C., Ward, D. S., Mutrie, N., Hutchison, P., Young, D., Reilly, J. J.

  13. Comparative Effectiveness of Interventions for Children Exposed to Nonrelational Traumatic Events

    | Contributor(s):: Forman-Hoffman, Valerie L., Zolotor, Adam J., McKeeman, Joni L., Blanco, Roberto, Knauer, Stefanie R., Lloyd, Stacey W., Goldman Fraser, Jenifer, Viswanathan, Meera

  14. Comparative Effects of Horse Exercise Versus Traditional Exercise Programs on Gait, Muscle Strength, and Body Balance in Healthy Older Adults

    | Contributor(s):: Aranda-García, Silvia, Iricibar, Albert, Planas, Antoni, Prat-Subirana, Joan A., Angulo-Barroso, Rosa M.

  15. Complementary horse-assisted therapy for substance use disorders: a randomized controlled trial

    | Contributor(s):: Gatti, Francesca, Walderhaug, Espen, Kern-Godal, Ann, Lysell, Jeanette, Arnevik, Espen Ajo

  16. Effect of pet insects on the psychological health of community-dwelling elderly people: a single-blinded, randomized, controlled trial

    | Contributor(s):: Ko, H. J., Youn, C. H., Kim, S. H., Kim, S. Y.

    Background: There is evidence that animal-assisted therapy has positive effects on mental health, especially in elderly people. Caring for insects is easy, relatively inexpensive, and does not require much space. Objective: The aim of this 8-week randomized, controlled, single-blinded study was...

  17. Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of Receiving a Hearing Dog on Mental Well-Being and Health in People With Hearing Loss: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial

    | Contributor(s):: Stuttard, L., Hewitt, C., Fairhurst, C., Weatherly, H., Walker, S., Longo, F., Maddison, J., Boyle, P., Beresford, B.

    BACKGROUND: People with hearing loss, particularly those who lose their hearing in adulthood, are at an increased risk of social isolation, mental health difficulties, unemployment, loss of independence, risk of accidents, and impaired quality of life. In the United Kingdom, a single third-sector...

  18. Effectiveness of animal-assisted therapy: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials

    | Contributor(s):: Kamioka, H., Okada, S., Tsutani, K., Park, H., Okuizumi, H., Handa, S., Oshio, T., Park, S. J., Kitayuguchi, J., Abe, T., Honda, T., Mutoh, Y.

  19. Effectiveness of animal-assisted therapy: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials, Kamioka et al, Complementary Therapies in Medicine (2014) 22:371-390

    Summary:   The objectives of this review were to summarize the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of animal-assisted therapy (AAT). Studies were eligible if they were RCTs. Studies included one treatment group in which AAT was applied. We searched the...

  20. Effectiveness of complementary and self-help treatments for depression

    | Contributor(s):: Jorm, A. F., Christensen, H., Griffiths, K. M., Rodgers, B.