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  1. Association of Dog and Cat Ownership with Incident Frailty among Community-Dwelling Elderly Japanese

    Contributor(s):: Taniguchi, Y., Seino, S., Nishi, M., Tomine, Y., Tanaka, I., Yokoyama, Y., Ikeuchi, T., Kitamura, A., Shinkai, S.

  2. The behaviour of domestic cats in a shelter: Residence time, density and sex ratio

    Contributor(s):: Gouveia, Kelly, Magalhães, Ana, de Sousa, Liliana

    Many cats that are rendered to a shelter fail to find a new home. Older and other less desirable cats may face a significant amount of time in the shelter prior to adoption. Therefore, the present study compared the behaviour of domestic cats subjected to different lengths of time, room density...

  3. Relationships between dog ownership and physical activity in postmenopausal women

    Contributor(s):: Garcia, D. O., Wertheim, B. C., Manson, J. E., Chlebowski, R. T., Volpe, S. L., Howard, B. V., Stefanick, M. L., Thomson, C. A.

  4. Slow and steady wins the race? No signs of reduced welfare in smaller broiler breeder hens at four weeks of age

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lindholm, C., Calais, A., Jonsson, J., Yngwe, N., Berndtson, E., Hult, E., Altimiras, J.

    Broiler breeder chickens are commonly reared under strict feed-restriction regimes to reduce obesity-induced health and fertility problems during adult life, and are assumed to experience a reduced welfare due to the resulting hunger. In these conditions, feed competition could influence the...

  5. Evidence of High Rates of Undiagnosed Asthma in Central Ohio Elementary Schoolchildren

    | Contributor(s):: Clark, Brenda R., Burkett, S. Amanda, Andridge, Rebecca R., Buckley, Timothy J.

  6. Does Pet-Keeping Modify the Association of Delivery Mode with Offspring Body Size?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cassidy-Bushrow, Andrea, Wegienka, Ganesa, Havstad, Suzanne, Levin, Albert, Lynch, Susan, Ownby, Dennis, Rundle, Andrew, Woodcroft, Kimberley, Zoratti, Edward, Johnson, Christine

    Caesarean-section (CS) delivery increases risk of childhood obesity, and is associated with a distinct early-life gut microbiome, which may contribute to obesity. Household pets may alter human gut microbiome composition. We examined if pet-keeping modified the association of CS with obesity at...

  7. Density-dependent diet selection and body condition of cattle and horses in heterogeneous landscapes

    | Contributor(s):: Cornelissen, P., Vulink, J. T.

    For some decades, grazing by cattle and horses is used as a management tool to achieve different nature management goals. For managers there are still questions to be answered about the effects of herbivore densities on their performance, vegetation development and biodiversity. This study...

  8. Nutritional ecology of obesity: from humans to companion animals

    | Contributor(s):: Raubenheimer, D., Machovsky-Capuska, G. E., Gosby, A. K., Simpson, S.

    We apply nutritional geometry, a framework for modelling the interactive effects of nutrients on animals, to help understand the role of modern environments in the obesity pandemic. Evidence suggests that humans regulate the intake of protein energy (PE) more strongly than non-protein energy...

  9. Evaluation of pet contact as a risk factor for carriage of multidrug-resistant staphylococci in nursing home residents

    | Contributor(s):: Gandolfi-Decristophoris, P., De Benedetti, A., Petignat, C., Attinger, M., Guillaume, J., Fiebig, L., Hattendorf, J., Cernela, N., Regula, G., Petrini, O., Zinsstag, J., Schelling, E.

  10. Long-term outcome of equestrian injuries in children

    | Contributor(s):: Dekker, R., Ck,, Kootstra, J., Groothoff, J. W., Eisma, W. H., ten Duis, H. J.

    PURPOSE: To investigate the possible development of long-term disabilities arising from paediatric equestrian injuries. METHOD: All patients, aged 17 years or younger, treated in a hospital setting because of an equestrian injury during a five-year period received a questionnaire. A reference...

  11. Development of a novel paradigm for the measurement of olfactory discrimination in dogs ( Canis familiaris): a pilot study

    | Contributor(s):: Salvin, H. E., McGrath, C., McGreevy, P. D., Valenzuela, M. J.

    Olfactory dysfunction in older human beings has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline, yet age-related changes in olfactory behavior have received little attention in the dog model of human aging. We developed an odor habituation and fine odor discrimination...

  12. Features of the neighborhood environment and walking by U.S. adults

    | Contributor(s):: Suminski, R. R., Poston, W. S., Petosa, R. L., Stevens, E., Katzenmoyer, L. M.

  13. Dog walking is associated with a favorable risk profile independent of moderate to high volume of physical activity

    | Contributor(s):: Lentino, C., Visek, A. J., McDonnell, K., DiPietro, L.

  14. Direct and indirect exposure to pets - risk of sensitization and asthma at 4 years in a birth cohort

    | Contributor(s):: Almqvist, C., Egmar, A. C., Hedlin, G., Lundqvist, M., Nordvall, S. L., Pershagen, G., Svartengren, M., van Hage-Hamsten, M., Wickman, M.

  15. Atopy among schoolchildren in northern and southern Sweden in relation to pet ownership and early life events

    | Contributor(s):: Braback, L., Kjellman, N. I., Sandin, A., Bjorksten, B.

  16. Epidemiological characteristics of childhood acute lymphocytic leukemia. Analysis by immunophenotype. The Childrens Cancer Group

    | Contributor(s):: Buckley, J. D., Buckley, C. M., Ruccione, K., Sather, H. N., Waskerwitz, M. J., Woods, W. G., Robison, L. L.

  17. Opposing effects of cat and dog ownership and allergic sensitization on eczema in an atopic birth cohort

    | Contributor(s):: Epstein, T. G., Bernstein, D. I., Levin, L., Khurana Hershey, G. K., Ryan, P. H., Reponen, T., Villareal, M., Lockey, J. E., Lemasters, G. K.

  18. "Early" cat ownership and the risk of sensitization and allergic rhinitis in Ligurian children with respiratory symptoms

    | Contributor(s):: Fasce, L., Tosca, M. A., Silvestri, M., Olcese, R., Pistorio, A., Rossi, G. A.

  19. Parent-reported environmental exposures and environmental control measures for children with asthma

    | Contributor(s):: Finkelstein, J. A., Fuhlbrigge, A., Lozano, P., Grant, E. N., Shulruff, R., Arduino, K. E., Weiss, K. B.

  20. Domestic pets as risk factors for alveolar hydatid disease in Austria

    | Contributor(s):: Kreidl, P., Allerberger, F., Judmaier, G., Auer, H., Aspock, H., Hall, A. J.