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  1. A pilot investigation of possible positive system descriptors in finishing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.

    In this study, pig producers were identified whose practices exceeded the basic legal requirements and government recommendations for pig welfare. This novel approach was part of a larger project investigating the feasibility and benefits of the inclusion of some animalbased welfare outcome...

  2. A project to clone companion animals

    Contributor(s):: Hawthorne, L.

    A 'special feature' article by the Project Coordinator of MIssyplicity, a Genetic Savings & Clone (GSC) project seeking to clone a specific mixed breed dog, named Missy, owned by an anonymous yet wealthy individual.

  3. A survey of elephant husbandry and foot health in North American zoos. (Special Issue: The care and welfare of elephants in AZA institutions.)

    Contributor(s):: Lewis, K. D., Shepherdson, D. J., Owens, T. M., Keele, M.

    The foot health of elephants in human care is a longstanding concern. In 2001, the AZA Standards for Elephant Management and Care were published recommending husbandry to improve foot health. This article reports the results of a 2006 survey: basic statistics describing facility, husbandry, and...

  4. A survey of wildlife rehabilitation in South Africa: is there a need for improved management?

    Contributor(s):: Wimberger, K., Downs, C. T., Boyes, R. S.

    The focus of wildlife rehabilitation is the survival of the individual animal, often leading to rehabilitators being in conflict with government wildlife officials, who regulate the industry and whose focus is on the security of entire wildlife communities. In South Africa, wildlife...

  5. Animal care guidelines and future directions

    Contributor(s):: Webster, A. B.

    Two notions broadly accepted in developed western societies have made animal care guidelines inevitable. These are that domestic animals are sentient and that humans are responsible to ensure the proper care of domestic animals. Despite these common views, people have differing moral...

  6. Animal welfare assurance programs in food production: a framework for assessing the options

    Contributor(s):: Fraser, D.

  7. Animal welfare considerations in primate rehabilitation: an assessment of three vervet monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops) releases in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa

    Contributor(s):: Guy, A. J., Stone, O. M. L., Curnoe, D.

  8. Are practice recommendations for the prevention of feather pecking in laying hens in non-cage systems in line with the results of experimental and epidemiological studies?

    Contributor(s):: Jung, Lisa, Knierim, Ute

    Feather pecking (FP) in laying hens is an important animal welfare problem in practice, despite extensive research and increasing sources of advice for farmers. We aimed to give an overview over results from experimental and epidemiological studies. We included non-cage systems, covering the...

  9. Assessing pig welfare at stunning in Swedish commercial abattoirs using CO<sub>2</sub> group-stun methods

    Contributor(s):: Atkinson, S., Velarde, A., Llonch, P., Algers, B.

  10. Assistance dog placement in the pediatric population: benefits, risks, and recommendations for future application

    Contributor(s):: Davis, B. W., Nattrass, K., O'Brien, S., Patronek, G., MacCollin, M.

    Assistance animals have long been recognized for their value in enhancing the lives of adults with disabilities by increasing the physical independence, confidence, and social lives of their handlers. Recently, this concept has been applied to the growing population of children with physical...

  11. Bones as enrichment for farmed blue foxes ( Vulpes lagopus ): interaction with the bones and preference for a cage with the bones

    Contributor(s):: Koistinen, T., Turunen, A., Kiviniemi, V., Ahola, L., Mononen, J.

    Animal welfare regulations (e.g. Recommendations of European Convention) state that farmed foxes need to be provided with an activity object, though the material or shape of the object is not specified. We aimed to evaluate the properties of bones as an activity object for farmed blue foxes...

  12. Clinical pathology and cardiovascular parameters are not influenced by housing rats under increased environmental complexity

    Contributor(s):: Mikkelsen, L. F., Sorensen, D. B., Krohn, T., Lauritzen, B., Dragsted, N., Hansen, A. K., Ottesen, J. L.

    Since the release of the revised Appendix A from the Council of Europe for housing of laboratory animals there have been claims that laboratory animals should be housed under more complex conditions; known popularly as enrichment. A number of studies have expressed concerns that this may increase...

  13. Cognitive bias as an indicator of animal emotion and welfare: emerging evidence and underlying mechanisms. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Mendl, M., Burman, O. H. P., Parker, R. M. A., Paul, E. S.

    Accurate assessment of animal emotion (affect) is an important goal in animal welfare science, and in areas such as neuroscience and psychopharmacology. Direct measures of conscious emotion are not available, so assessment of animal affect has relied on measures of the behavioural and...

  14. Communicating with special populations: children and older adults. (Effective Communication in Veterinary Practice.)

    Contributor(s):: Brandt, J. C., Grabill, C. M.

    This article highlights the importance of human-animal bond for children and older adults, addresses issues of pet loss and provides suggestions for meeting the communication needs of both populations. This article is divided into 2 sections. The first section focuses on the developmental...

  15. Comparing the relative benefits of grooming-contact and full-contact pairing for laboratory-housed adult female Macaca fascicularis. (Special Issue: The welfare of laboratory primates.)

    Contributor(s):: Lee, G. H., Thom, J. P., Chu, K. L., Crockett, C. M.

  16. Comparison of indoor and captive, free-roaming management in golden-headed lion tamarins ( Leontopithecus chrysomelas ) at Zurich Zoo

    Contributor(s):: Steinmetz, H. W., Zingg, R., Ossent, P., Eulenberger, U., Clauss, M., Hatt, J. M.

    Traditional husbandry practices for the public display of Callitrichidae involve strict separation of animals and public. An important consideration for the evaluation of such management is the occurrence of health problems and potential zoonotic risks. This study compared animal data and...

  17. Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2009 National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)

    Certain venues encourage or permit the public to be in contact with animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, educational farms,...

  18. Concepts of animal health and welfare in organic livestock systems

    Contributor(s):: Vaarst, M., Alroe, H. F.

  19. Ethics in human-animal relationships

    Contributor(s):: Antonites, A., Odendaal, J. S. J.

    Reactions to ethical matters related to human-animal relationships are often ambiguous and are influenced by many human-related factors. Because of such variations, there is a need for guidance in this regard. Such guidelines should thus be useful in a universal sense. Due to veterinarians...

  20. European approaches to ensure good animal welfare. (Special Issue: Farm animal welfare since the Brambell report.)

    Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Butterworth, A., Bock, B., Roe, E.

    Conventions to protect domestic animals during transport, farming and slaughter were established by the Council of Europe and approved by many European states. Conventions are followed by recommendations that specify how the general principles of conventions apply for the different species. The...