Regular positive reinforcement training increases contact-seeking behaviour in horses
Contributor(s):: Larssen, Renate, Roth, Lina S. V.
Bark to the future: The welfare of domestic dogs during interaction with a positively reinforcing artificial agent
Contributor(s):: Shaw, Nicky, Wemelsfelder, Francoise, Riley, Lisa M.
Domestic pet dogs typically spend a large amount of time inside the home environment, including hours alone. An audio/food dispensing automated device (an artificial agent, hereafter agent) was evaluated for enrichment potential. The agent issued owner-spoken verbal cues to dogs, and food rewards...
Give the dog a big bone: Magnitude but not delivery method of food impacts preference and reinforcer efficacy in dogs
Contributor(s):: Feuerbacher, Erica N., Stone, Chelsea, Friedel, Jonathan E.
A rein tension signal can be reduced by half in a single training session
Contributor(s):: Eisersiö, Marie, Yngvesson, Jenny, Byström, Anna, Baragli, Paolo, Egenvall, Agneta
Evaluating preference for and reinforcing efficacy of a therapy dog to increase verbal statements
Contributor(s):: Jorgenson, C. D., Clay, C. J., Kahng, S.
Your happiness or mine: Influence of affective states and level of contact on public perceptions of elephant tourism
Contributor(s):: Weston, M. E., Mills, K. E., von Keyserlingk, M. A. G.
Operant learning is disrupted when opioid reward pathways are blocked in the domesticated hen
Contributor(s):: Fountain, Jade, Hazel, Susan J., Ryan, Terry, Taylor, Peta S.
There is limited research into mesolimbic function specific to birds and, specifically, how neurobiological reward mechanisms affect learning in domestic laying hens (Gallus gallus domesticus). A more thorough understanding of these mechanisms has implications for the improvement of welfare....
The effects of a choice test between food rewards and human interaction in a herd of domestic horses of varying breeds and experiences
Contributor(s):: Kieson, Emily, Felix, Crystal, Webb, Summer, Abramson, Charles I.
Humans use food rewards as positive reinforcement for training horses, but there is little evidence to show that human interaction (scratching or patting) has reward value or if domestic horses perceive human touch as social bonding. Most equine training is based on negative reinforcement, but...
A Survey of Dog Owners' Attitudes toward Treats
Contributor(s):: Morelli, G., Marchesini, G., Contiero, B., Fusi, E., Diez, M., Ricci, R.
Understanding and Application of Learning Theory in UK-based Equestrians
Contributor(s):: Brown, Sarah M., Connor, Melanie
Learning in equines occurs through a predictable chain of stimulus–response–consequence processing. Whether the behavior persists will depend on the nature and timing of the consequence, whether it punishes or reinforces the response behavior. Knowledge and application of learning theory in...
Implementing positive reinforcement animal training programs at primate laboratories
Contributor(s):: Perlman, Jaine E., Bloomsmith, Mollie A., Whittaker, Margaret A., McMillan, Jennifer L., Minier, Darren E., McCowan, Brenda
In the last decade several surveys of primate care and training programs highlight a common theme; despite scientific evidence that animal training can be effective in reducing stress, increasing efficiency and improving veterinary care, animal training is not widely incorporated into animal care...
Human-directed contra-aggression training using positive reinforcement with single and multiple trainers for indoor-housed rhesus macaques
Contributor(s):: Minier, Darren E., Tatum, Lindsay, Gottlieb, Daniel H., Cameron, Ashley, Snarr, Jessica, Elliot, Richard, Cook, Ashleigh, Elliot, Kami, Banta, Kimberly, Heagerty, Allison, McCowan, Brenda
The objective of this study was to improve human–animal management relationships by testing the effects of positive reinforcement training (PRT) on reducing human-directed aggression in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Contra-aggression uses a combination of positive reinforcement training...
Does learning performance in horses relate to fearfulness, baseline stress hormone, and social rank?
Contributor(s):: Christensen, Janne Winther, Ahrendt, Line Peerstrup, Lintrup, Randi, Gaillard, Charlotte, Palme, Rupert, Malmkvist, Jens
The ability of horses to learn and remember new tasks is fundamentally important for their use by humans. Fearfulness may, however, interfere with learning, because stimuli in the environment can overshadow signals from the rider or handler. In addition, prolonged high levels of stress hormones...
Evaluation of operant learning in young foals using target training
Contributor(s):: Martinez de Andino, Elena V., McDonnell, Sue M.
The primary purpose of this study was to characterize operant learning performance of young foals. For each of 26 foals, aged 6–20 weeks, learning performance was quantitatively evaluated in a single brief training trial using a standard operant conditioning task and paradigm analogous to those...
The application of learning theory in horse training
Contributor(s):: McLean, Andrew N., Christensen, Janne Winther
The millennia-old practices of horse training markedly predate and thus were isolated from the mid-twentieth century revelation of animal learning processes. From this standpoint, the progress made in the application and understanding of learning theory in horse training is reviewed including a...
An improved design for the spatial judgement task in domestic pigs
Contributor(s):: Düpjan, Sandra, Stracke, Jenny, Tuchscherer, Armin, Puppe, Birger
Public concern for farm animal welfare calls for reliable scientific tools to measure it. Measuring cognitive bias, i.e., the influence of affective states on cognitive processing, has gained importance during recent years. The one most often adapted experimental design to test cognitive bias in...
Independent Study 490A: Positive Reinforcement Training Piglets to Stand in a Container and Follow a Human
| Contributor(s):: Adrianne R. Kaiser, Anna K. Johnson, Jason W. Ross, Joshua T. Selsby, Kenneth J. Stalder
The Department of Animal Science within the biomedical research area is using the pig as a model for Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the leading, fatal, X-linked disease, affecting 1:3,500 male births worldwide. Two tests require the pigs afflicted with...
Helping Pet Owners Change Pet Behaviors: An Overview of the Science
| Contributor(s):: Strickler, B. G.
Learning and growth processes facilitated in 9 to 12 year olds challenged with ADHD enrolled on a therapeutic horseback riding programme
| Contributor(s):: Dalia Kreindler
This study investigated the outcomes and practice of Therapeutic Horseback Riding (THR) for children aged 9 to 12 diagnosed with Attention Deficit with Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The study was carried out in order to gain new insights in the learning and growth processes facilitated by...
The Development of a Psychometric Scale for the Evaluation of the Emotional Predispositions of Pet Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Gill Sheppard, Daniel S. Mills
Many pet dogs exhibit problem behaviours which can be corrected through the judicious use of positive and negative reinforcers in training. However, animals often vary in their sensitivity and response to these. It is hypothesised that this variation may offer a biological basis for...