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Resources (441-460 of 502)

  1. Perspectives on domestication: the history of our relationship with man's best friend

    Contributor(s):: Case, L.

    We are a nation of dog lovers. Never before in our history have we spent more time, money, and emotional energy on a group of animals that are kept solely for companionship. Pet food sales are a multi-billion dollar industry, and pet owners are spending more than 11 billion dollars each year on...

  2. Papers from the 39th International Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE), Tokyo, Japan, August 2005

    Contributor(s):: Sandilands, V., Petherick, C.

    This special issue contains conference proceedings on the behaviour and welfare of domestic and zoo animals, Topics include the contribution of animal psychology to welfare; assessment of animal welfare in a veterinary context; identification of dog welfare issues in the USA, Japan, Czech...

  3. Evidence for an association between pet behavior and owner attachment levels

    Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A.

  4. A note on the relationships between visitor interest and characteristics of the mammal exhibits in Recife Zoo, Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Silva, M. A. M. da, Silva, J. M. C. da

    There are few quantitative studies on visitor's behaviour towards animal exhibits in zoos. We evaluated the popularity of mammal exhibits of a small tropical zoo at Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, and correlated it with some characteristics of the exhibits (number of individuals within the...

  5. A counterbalanced version of Ainsworth's Strange Situation Procedure reveals secure-base effects in dog-human relationships

    | Contributor(s):: Palmer, R., Custance, D.

    It has been proposed that the dog-human relationship constitutes an infantile-like attachment. However, previous empirical support based on Ainsworth's Strange Situation test has proved inconclusive due to order effects inherent in the original procedure. In particular, these order effects...

  6. Personality dimensions that emerge in companion canines

    | Contributor(s):: Ley, J., Bennett, P., Coleman, G.

    Studies of dog personality have shown that personality concepts can be applied to dogs but suggest that canine personalities may not fall into the same dimensions as do human personalities. To investigate this, the structure of canine personality was explored using a method previously used to...

  7. Effects of familiarity and relatedness on agonistic pair relationships in newly mixed domestic pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Puppe, B.

    The effects of familiarity and relatedness on agonistic pair relationships (dyads) in different pen regions (pen area or trough area) were studied in 16 groups of newly mixed domestic pigs of similar weight (9 pigs per group) at 12 weeks of age. The agonistic interactions (AI) within 124 familiar...

  8. The socializing role of hearing dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Hart, L. A., Zasloff, R. L., Benfatto, A. M.

  9. A note: the effects of human handling on heart girth, behaviour and milk quality in dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Jackson, K. M. A., Hackett, D.

    Research on cattle, lambs and pigs suggests that when animals do not receive positive physical attention ("gentling") from their stockpersons, they become fearful, stressed, less productive, and less healthy overall. The purpose of this experiment was to examine the effects that positive human...

  10. Owner characteristics and interactions and the prevalence of canine behaviour problems

    | Contributor(s):: Jagoe, A., Serpell, J.

  11. Behaviour of horses in the "round pen technique"

    | Contributor(s):: Krueger, K.

    I investigated the behavioural background of the way horses learn to follow humans in the "round pen technique" suggested by "horse whisperers" as a gentle method for initial horse training. Though the practicability of this technique has been adequately demonstrated in the past, the horses'...

  12. Dominance relationships and aggression of foals ( Equus caballus )

    | Contributor(s):: Araba, B. D., Crowell-Davis, S. L.

    A herd of 15 Belgian brood-mares and 10 foals was studied. Field data were collected using 30-min focal samples, such that 1 h of data was collected on each foal per week of its life. Social spacing was recorded at 2-min intervals. Social encounters during the focal samples were recorded on...

  13. Developments in the study of human-animal relationships

    | Contributor(s):: Blackshaw, J. K.

  14. Even minimal human contact linked to nursing reduces fear responses toward humans in rabbits

    | Contributor(s):: Csatadi, K., Kustos, K., Eiben, C., Bilko, A., Altbacker, V.

    When handled around nursing time during the first week after birth, the fear response of rabbits toward humans is reduced later on. But although this might be crucial for practical application, the duration of daily treatment necessary to achieve this effect was not known so far. In the present...

  15. Emily Dickinson had a dog: an interpretation of the human-dog bond

    | Contributor(s):: Adams, M.

    The study examines selected letters and poems of the poet Emily Dickinson to better understand the relationship between Dickinson and her Newfoundland dog Carlo. Citations from these sources indicate that Carlo helped Dickinson feel protected, that his presence soothed her anxiety, and that she...

  16. Companion animals as selfobjects

    | Contributor(s):: Brown, S. E.

    This research examined whether self psychology could be systematically applied to human-animal relationships. Twenty-four semi-structured interviews were conducted, which consisted of 16 questions designed to illuminate selfobject needs. The interviews were intended to identify whether the...

  17. Romantic partners and four-legged friends: an extension of attachment theory to relationships with pets

    | Contributor(s):: Beck, L., Madresh, E. A.

    The founding principle of attachment theory (Bowlby 1973) is that a secure attachment to a caregiver is one of the first and most basic needs in an infant's life. Through the decades attachment theory has expanded its scope to include central adult relationships, especially between romantic...

  18. Benefits derived from companion animals, and the use of the term "attachment"

    | Contributor(s):: Crawford, E. K., Worsham, N. L., Swinehart, E. R.

    Researchers have discovered that companion animals can physically and psychologically benefit their owners, and some argue that one's attachment to a companion animal influences those benefits. However, those studying the human-companion animal bond have used measures of attachment that may...

  19. An investigation of human-animal interactions and empathy as related to pet preference, ownership, attachment, and attitudes in children

    | Contributor(s):: Daly, B., Morton, L. L.

    A group of elementary students (n=155) were surveyed with respect to four aspects of relationships with pets - preference, ownership, attachment, and attitude - in order to further explore the connection that appears to exist between human-animal interactions and empathy. The investigation was...

  20. Visitor behavior in zoos: a review

    | Contributor(s):: Davey, G.

    Visitors are integral components of zoological parks and their importance has led to a research area devoted to understanding the people-zoo relationship. This paper reviews, and provides a point of entry into, the literature relating to visitor research in zoos. The field emerged relatively...